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Configuration

In order to use this mechanism driver the Neutron configuration file needs to be created/updated with the appropriate configuration information.

Switch configuration format:

[genericswitch:<switch name>]
device_type = <netmiko device type>
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
ip = <IP address of switch>
port = <ssh port>
username = <credential username>
password = <credential password>
key_file = <ssh key file>
secret = <enable secret>

# If set ngs_port_default_vlan to default_vlan, switch's
# interface will restore the default_vlan.
ngs_port_default_vlan = <port default vlan>

..note:

Switch will be selected by local_link_connection/switch_info
or ngs_mac_address. So, you can use the switch MAC address to identify
switches if local_link_connection/switch_info is not set.

Examples

Here is an example of /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf_genericswitch.ini for the Cisco 300 series device:

[genericswitch:sw-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_cisco_s300
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
username = admin
password = password
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>

for the Cisco IOS device:

[genericswitch:sw-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_cisco_ios
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
username = admin
password = password
secret = secret
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>

for the Huawei VRPV3 or VRPV5 device:

[genericswitch:sw-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_huawei
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
username = admin
password = password
port = 8222
secret = secret
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>

for the Huawei VRPV8 device:

[genericswitch:sw-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_huawei_vrpv8
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
username = admin
password = password
port = 8222
secret = secret
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>

for the Arista EOS device:

[genericswitch:arista-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_arista_eos
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>
username = admin
key_file = /opt/data/arista_key

for the Dell Force10 device:

[genericswitch:dell-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_dell_force10
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>
username = admin
password = password
secret = secret

for the Dell PowerConnect device:

[genericswitch:dell-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_dell_powerconnect
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>
username = admin
password = password
secret = secret

# You can set ngs_switchport_mode according to switchmode you have set on
# the switch. The following options are supported: general, access. It
# will default to access mode if left unset. In general mode, the port
# be set to transmit untagged packets.
ngs_switchport_mode = access

Dell PowerConnect devices have been seen to have issues with multiple concurrent configuration sessions. See :ref:`synchronization` for details on how to limit the number of concurrent active connections to each device.

for the Brocade FastIron (ICX) device:

[genericswitch:hostname-for-fast-iron]
device_type = netmiko_brocade_fastiron
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>
username = admin
password = password

for the Ruijie device:

[genericswitch:sw-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_ruijie
ngs_mac_address = <switch mac address>
username = admin
password = password
secret = secret
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>

for the HPE 5900 Series device:

[genericswitch:sw-hostname]
device_type = netmiko_hp_comware
username = admin
password = password
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>

for the Juniper Junos OS device:

[genericswitch:hostname-for-juniper]
device_type = netmiko_juniper
ip = <switch mgmt ip address>
username = admin
password = password
ngs_commit_timeout = <optional commit timeout (seconds)>
ngs_commit_interval = <optional commit interval (seconds)>

Additionally the GenericSwitch mechanism driver needs to be enabled from the ml2 config file /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini:

[ml2]
tenant_network_types = vlan
type_drivers = local,flat,vlan,gre,vxlan
mechanism_drivers = openvswitch,genericswitch
...
...

(Re)start neutron-server specifying this additional configuration file:

neutron-server \
    --config-file /etc/neutron/neutron.conf \
    --config-file /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf.ini \
    --config-file /etc/neutron/plugins/ml2/ml2_conf_genericswitch.ini

Synchronization

Some devices are limited in the number of concurrent SSH sessions that they can support, or do not support concurrent configuration database updates. In these cases it can be useful to use an external service to synchronize access to the managed devices. This synchronization is provided by the Tooz library, which provides support for a number of different backends, including Etcd, ZooKeeper, and others. A connection URL for the backend should be configured as follows:

[ngs_coordination]
backend_url = <backend URL>

The default is to limit the number of concurrent active connections to each device to one, but the number may be configured per-device as follows:

[genericswitch:device-hostname]
ngs_max_connections = <max connections>

When synchronization is used, each Neutron thread executing the networking-generic-switch plugin will attempt to acquire a lock, with a default timeout of 60 seconds before failing. This timeout can be configured as follows (setting it to 0 means no timeout):

[ngs_coordination]
...
acquire_timeout = <timeout in seconds>

Disabling Inactive Ports

By default, switch interfaces remain administratively enabled when not in use, and the access VLAN association is removed. On most devices, this will cause the interface to be a member of the default VLAN, usually VLAN 1. This could be a security issue, with unallocated ports having access to a shared network.

To resolve this issue, it is possible to configure interfaces as administratively down when not in use. This is done on a per-device basis, using the ngs_disable_inactive_ports flag:

[genericswitch:device-hostname]
ngs_disable_inactive_ports = <optional boolean>

This is currently supported by the following devices:

  • Juniper Junos OS