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# Copyright 2012 OpenStack Foundation
# All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.
import copy
import logging
import socket
from keystoneauth1 import adapter
from keystoneauth1 import exceptions as ksa_exc
from oslo_utils import importutils
from oslo_utils import netutils
import requests
import six
import warnings
try:
import json
except ImportError:
import simplejson as json
from oslo_utils import encodeutils
from glanceclient.common import utils
from glanceclient import exc
osprofiler_web = importutils.try_import("osprofiler.web")
LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)
USER_AGENT = 'python-glanceclient'
CHUNKSIZE = 1024 * 64 # 64kB
def encode_headers(headers):
"""Encodes headers.
Note: This should be used right before
sending anything out.
:param headers: Headers to encode
:returns: Dictionary with encoded headers'
names and values
"""
return dict((encodeutils.safe_encode(h), encodeutils.safe_encode(v))
for h, v in six.iteritems(headers) if v is not None)
class _BaseHTTPClient(object):
@staticmethod
def _chunk_body(body):
chunk = body
while chunk:
chunk = body.read(CHUNKSIZE)
if not chunk:
break
yield chunk
def _set_common_request_kwargs(self, headers, kwargs):
"""Handle the common parameters used to send the request."""
# Default Content-Type is octet-stream
content_type = headers.get('Content-Type', 'application/octet-stream')
# NOTE(jamielennox): remove this later. Managers should pass json= if
# they want to send json data.
data = kwargs.pop("data", None)
if data is not None and not isinstance(data, six.string_types):
try:
data = json.dumps(data)
content_type = 'application/json'
except TypeError:
# Here we assume it's
# a file-like object
# and we'll chunk it
data = self._chunk_body(data)
headers['Content-Type'] = content_type
kwargs['stream'] = content_type == 'application/octet-stream'
return data
def _handle_response(self, resp):
# log request-id for each api cal
request_id = resp.headers.get('x-openstack-request-id')
if request_id:
LOG.debug('%(method)s call to glance-api for '
'%(url)s used request id '
'%(response_request_id)s',
{'method': resp.request.method,
'url': resp.url,
'response_request_id': request_id})
if not resp.ok:
LOG.debug("Request returned failure status %s.", resp.status_code)
raise exc.from_response(resp, resp.content)
elif (resp.status_code == requests.codes.MULTIPLE_CHOICES and
resp.request.path_url != '/versions'):
# NOTE(flaper87): Eventually, we'll remove the check on `versions`
# which is a bug (1491350) on the server.
raise exc.from_response(resp)
content_type = resp.headers.get('Content-Type')
# Read body into string if it isn't obviously image data
if content_type == 'application/octet-stream':
# Do not read all response in memory when downloading an image.
body_iter = _close_after_stream(resp, CHUNKSIZE)
else:
content = resp.text
if content_type and content_type.startswith('application/json'):
# Let's use requests json method, it should take care of
# response encoding
body_iter = resp.json()
else:
body_iter = six.StringIO(content)
try:
body_iter = json.loads(''.join([c for c in body_iter]))
except ValueError:
body_iter = None
return resp, body_iter
class HTTPClient(_BaseHTTPClient):
def __init__(self, endpoint, **kwargs):
self.endpoint = endpoint
self.identity_headers = kwargs.get('identity_headers')
self.auth_token = kwargs.get('token')
self.language_header = kwargs.get('language_header')
self.last_request_id = None
if self.identity_headers:
if self.identity_headers.get('X-Auth-Token'):
self.auth_token = self.identity_headers.get('X-Auth-Token')
del self.identity_headers['X-Auth-Token']
self.session = requests.Session()
self.session.headers["User-Agent"] = USER_AGENT
if self.language_header:
self.session.headers["Accept-Language"] = self.language_header
self.timeout = float(kwargs.get('timeout', 600))
if self.endpoint.startswith("https"):
compression = kwargs.get('ssl_compression', True)
if compression is False:
# Note: This is not seen by default. (python must be
# run with -Wd)
warnings.warn('The "ssl_compression" argument has been '
'deprecated.', DeprecationWarning)
if kwargs.get('insecure', False) is True:
self.session.verify = False
else:
if kwargs.get('cacert', None) is not '':
self.session.verify = kwargs.get('cacert', True)
self.session.cert = (kwargs.get('cert_file'),
kwargs.get('key_file'))
@staticmethod
def parse_endpoint(endpoint):
return netutils.urlsplit(endpoint)
def log_curl_request(self, method, url, headers, data, kwargs):
curl = ['curl -g -i -X %s' % method]
headers = copy.deepcopy(headers)
headers.update(self.session.headers)
for (key, value) in six.iteritems(headers):
header = '-H \'%s: %s\'' % utils.safe_header(key, value)
curl.append(header)
if not self.session.verify:
curl.append('-k')
else:
if isinstance(self.session.verify, six.string_types):
curl.append(' --cacert %s' % self.session.verify)
if self.session.cert:
curl.append(' --cert %s --key %s' % self.session.cert)
if data and isinstance(data, six.string_types):
curl.append('-d \'%s\'' % data)
curl.append(url)
msg = ' '.join([encodeutils.safe_decode(item, errors='ignore')
for item in curl])
LOG.debug(msg)
@staticmethod
def log_http_response(resp):
status = (resp.raw.version / 10.0, resp.status_code, resp.reason)
dump = ['\nHTTP/%.1f %s %s' % status]
headers = resp.headers.items()
dump.extend(['%s: %s' % utils.safe_header(k, v) for k, v in headers])
dump.append('')
content_type = resp.headers.get('Content-Type')
if content_type != 'application/octet-stream':
dump.extend([resp.text, ''])
LOG.debug('\n'.join([encodeutils.safe_decode(x, errors='ignore')
for x in dump]))
def _request(self, method, url, **kwargs):
"""Send an http request with the specified characteristics.
Wrapper around httplib.HTTP(S)Connection.request to handle tasks such
as setting headers and error handling.
"""
# Copy the kwargs so we can reuse the original in case of redirects
headers = copy.deepcopy(kwargs.pop('headers', {}))
if self.identity_headers:
for k, v in six.iteritems(self.identity_headers):
headers.setdefault(k, v)
data = self._set_common_request_kwargs(headers, kwargs)
# add identity header to the request
if not headers.get('X-Auth-Token'):
headers['X-Auth-Token'] = self.auth_token
if osprofiler_web:
headers.update(osprofiler_web.get_trace_id_headers())
# Note(flaper87): Before letting headers / url fly,
# they should be encoded otherwise httplib will
# complain.
headers = encode_headers(headers)
if self.endpoint.endswith("/") or url.startswith("/"):
conn_url = "%s%s" % (self.endpoint, url)
else:
conn_url = "%s/%s" % (self.endpoint, url)
self.log_curl_request(method, conn_url, headers, data, kwargs)
try:
resp = self.session.request(method,
conn_url,
data=data,
headers=headers,
**kwargs)
except requests.exceptions.Timeout as e:
message = ("Error communicating with %(url)s: %(e)s" %
dict(url=conn_url, e=e))
raise exc.InvalidEndpoint(message=message)
except requests.exceptions.ConnectionError as e:
message = ("Error finding address for %(url)s: %(e)s" %
dict(url=conn_url, e=e))
raise exc.CommunicationError(message=message)
except socket.gaierror as e:
message = "Error finding address for %s: %s" % (
self.endpoint_hostname, e)
raise exc.InvalidEndpoint(message=message)
except (socket.error, socket.timeout) as e:
endpoint = self.endpoint
message = ("Error communicating with %(endpoint)s %(e)s" %
{'endpoint': endpoint, 'e': e})
raise exc.CommunicationError(message=message)
self.last_request_id = resp.headers.get('x-openstack-request-id')
resp, body_iter = self._handle_response(resp)
self.log_http_response(resp)
return resp, body_iter
def head(self, url, **kwargs):
return self._request('HEAD', url, **kwargs)
def get(self, url, **kwargs):
return self._request('GET', url, **kwargs)
def post(self, url, **kwargs):
return self._request('POST', url, **kwargs)
def put(self, url, **kwargs):
return self._request('PUT', url, **kwargs)
def patch(self, url, **kwargs):
return self._request('PATCH', url, **kwargs)
def delete(self, url, **kwargs):
return self._request('DELETE', url, **kwargs)
def _close_after_stream(response, chunk_size):
"""Iterate over the content and ensure the response is closed after."""
# Yield each chunk in the response body
for chunk in response.iter_content(chunk_size=chunk_size):
yield chunk
# Once we're done streaming the body, ensure everything is closed.
# This will return the connection to the HTTPConnectionPool in urllib3
# and ideally reduce the number of HTTPConnectionPool full warnings.
response.close()
class SessionClient(adapter.Adapter, _BaseHTTPClient):
def __init__(self, session, **kwargs):
kwargs.setdefault('user_agent', USER_AGENT)
kwargs.setdefault('service_type', 'image')
self.last_request_id = None
super(SessionClient, self).__init__(session, **kwargs)
def request(self, url, method, **kwargs):
headers = encode_headers(kwargs.pop('headers', {}))
kwargs['raise_exc'] = False
data = self._set_common_request_kwargs(headers, kwargs)
try:
resp = super(SessionClient, self).request(url,
method,
headers=headers,
data=data,
**kwargs)
except ksa_exc.ConnectTimeout as e:
conn_url = self.get_endpoint(auth=kwargs.get('auth'))
conn_url = "%s/%s" % (conn_url.rstrip('/'), url.lstrip('/'))
message = ("Error communicating with %(url)s %(e)s" %
dict(url=conn_url, e=e))
raise exc.InvalidEndpoint(message=message)
except ksa_exc.ConnectFailure as e:
conn_url = self.get_endpoint(auth=kwargs.get('auth'))
conn_url = "%s/%s" % (conn_url.rstrip('/'), url.lstrip('/'))
message = ("Error finding address for %(url)s: %(e)s" %
dict(url=conn_url, e=e))
raise exc.CommunicationError(message=message)
self.last_request_id = resp.headers.get('x-openstack-request-id')
return self._handle_response(resp)
def get_http_client(endpoint=None, session=None, **kwargs):
if session:
return SessionClient(session, **kwargs)
elif endpoint:
return HTTPClient(endpoint, **kwargs)
else:
raise AttributeError('Constructing a client must contain either an '
'endpoint or a session')