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Client library for OpenStack Compute API

Do not check requirements when loading entry points

Update the calls to pkg_resources to avoid forcing a requirements check
when the plugins are being loaded.

There are 2 versions of the entry point API in different releases of
setuptools. In one version, the require keyword argument can be passed
to load(). In the other, separate methods resolve() and require() need
to be used. This change updates the mock and fake objects to support
either, since the fakes are subclasses of the EntryPoint class in

It would be better to replace the calls to pkg_resources with stevedore,
which provides a more stable API, abstracts away this difference, and
provides an API for creating test managers directly. That change would
have required more extensive updates to the test suite, though, and
since I'm not as familiar with this code base as others will be, I will
leave those changes for someone else.

Change-Id: I2a9aeb53ccad04c7fa687f25340306b84218f9ff
Partial-bug: #1457100
latest commit e649cea843
@dhellmann dhellmann authored


Python bindings to the OpenStack Nova API

This is a client for the OpenStack Nova API. There's a Python API (the novaclient module), and a command-line script (nova). Each implements 100% of the OpenStack Nova API.

See the OpenStack CLI guide for information on how to use the nova command-line tool. You may also want to look at the OpenStack API documentation.

The project is hosted on Launchpad, where bugs can be filed. The code is hosted on Github. Patches must be submitted using Gerrit, not Github pull requests.

python-novaclient is licensed under the Apache License like the rest of OpenStack.

Command-line API

Installing this package gets you a shell command, nova, that you can use to interact with any OpenStack cloud.

You'll need to provide your OpenStack username and password. You can do this with the --os-username, --os-password and --os-tenant-name params, but it's easier to just set them as environment variables:

export OS_USERNAME=openstack
export OS_PASSWORD=yadayada
export OS_TENANT_NAME=myproject

You will also need to define the authentication url with --os-auth-url and the version of the API with --os-compute-api-version. Or set them as an environment variables as well:

export OS_AUTH_URL=

If you are using Keystone, you need to set the OS_AUTH_URL to the keystone endpoint:

export OS_AUTH_URL=

Since Keystone can return multiple regions in the Service Catalog, you can specify the one you want with --os-region-name (or export OS_REGION_NAME). It defaults to the first in the list returned.

You'll find complete documentation on the shell by running nova help

Python API

There's also a complete Python API, but it has not yet been documented.

To use with nova, with keystone as the authentication system:

# use v2.0 auth with")
>>> from novaclient.v2 import client
>>> nt = client.Client(USER, PASS, TENANT, AUTH_URL, service_type="compute")
>>> nt.flavors.list()
>>> nt.servers.list()
>>> nt.keypairs.list()


There are multiple test targets that can be run to validate the code.

  • tox -e pep8 - style guidelines enforcement
  • tox -e py27 - traditional unit testing
  • tox -e functional - live functional testing against an existing openstack

Functional testing assumes the existance of a clouds.yaml file as supported by os-client-config ( It assumes the existence of a cloud named devstack that behaves like a normal devstack installation with a demo and an admin user/tenant - or clouds named functional_admin and functional_nonadmin.

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