Python bindings to the OpenStack Nova API
This is a client for the OpenStack Nova API. There's a Python API (the
novaclient module), and a command-line script (
implements 100% of the OpenStack Nova API.
python-novaclient is licensed under the Apache License like the rest of OpenStack.
Installing this package gets you a shell command,
nova, that you
can use to interact with any OpenStack cloud.
You'll need to provide your OpenStack username and password. You can do this
params, but it's easier to just set them as environment variables:
export OS_USERNAME=openstack export OS_PASSWORD=yadayada export OS_TENANT_NAME=myproject
You will also need to define the authentication url with
and the version of the API with
--version. Or set them as an environment
variables as well:
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://example.com:8774/v1.1/ export OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION=1.1
If you are using Keystone, you need to set the NOVA_URL to the keystone endpoint:
Since Keystone can return multiple regions in the Service Catalog, you
can specify the one you want with
export OS_REGION_NAME). It defaults to the first in the list returned.
You'll find complete documentation on the shell by running
usage: nova [--debug] [--no-cache] [--timings] [--os-username <auth-user-name>] [--os-password <auth-password>] [--os-tenant-name <auth-tenant-name>] [--os-auth-url <auth-url>] [--os-region-name <region-name>] [--os-auth-system <auth-system>] [--service-type <service-type>] [--service-name <service-name>] [--volume-service-name <volume-service-type>] [--endpoint-type <endpoint-type>] [--os-compute-api-version <compute-api-ver>] [--insecure] [--bypass-url <bypass-url>] <subcommand> ... Command-line interface to the OpenStack Nova API. Positional arguments: <subcommand> absolute-limits Print a list of absolute limits for a user actions Retrieve server actions. add-fixed-ip Add new IP address to network. add-floating-ip Add a floating IP address to a server. aggregate-add-host Add the host to the specified aggregate. aggregate-create Create a new aggregate with the specified details. aggregate-delete Delete the aggregate by its id. aggregate-details Show details of the specified aggregate. aggregate-list Print a list of all aggregates. aggregate-remove-host Remove the specified host from the specified aggregate. aggregate-set-metadata Update the metadata associated with the aggregate. aggregate-update Update the aggregate's name and optionally availability zone. boot Boot a new server. console-log Get console log output of a server. credentials Show user credentials returned from auth delete Immediately shut down and delete a server. describe-resource Show details about a resource diagnostics Retrieve server diagnostics. dns-create Create a DNS entry for domain, name and ip. dns-create-private-domain Create the specified DNS domain. dns-create-public-domain Create the specified DNS domain. dns-delete Delete the specified DNS entry. dns-delete-domain Delete the specified DNS domain. dns-domains Print a list of available dns domains. dns-list List current DNS entries for domain and ip or domain and name. endpoints Discover endpoints that get returned from the authenticate services evacuate Evacuate a server from failed host flavor-create Create a new flavor flavor-delete Delete a specific flavor flavor-list Print a list of available 'flavors' (sizes of servers). floating-ip-create Allocate a floating IP for the current tenant. floating-ip-delete De-allocate a floating IP. floating-ip-list List floating ips for this tenant. floating-ip-pool-list List all floating ip pools. get-vnc-console Get a vnc console to a server. get-spice-console Get a spice console to a server. host-action Perform a power action on a host. host-update Update host settings. image-create Create a new image by taking a snapshot of a running server. image-delete Delete an image. image-list Print a list of available images to boot from. image-meta Set or Delete metadata on an image. image-show Show details about the given image. keypair-add Create a new key pair for use with instances keypair-delete Delete keypair by its name keypair-list Print a list of keypairs for a user list List active servers. live-migration Migrates a running instance to a new machine. lock Lock a server. meta Set or Delete metadata on a server. migrate Migrate a server. pause Pause a server. rate-limits Print a list of rate limits for a user reboot Reboot a server. rebuild Shutdown, re-image, and re-boot a server. remove-fixed-ip Remove an IP address from a server. remove-floating-ip Remove a floating IP address from a server. rename Rename a server. rescue Rescue a server. resize Resize a server. resize-confirm Confirm a previous resize. resize-revert Revert a previous resize (and return to the previous VM). resume Resume a server. root-password Change the root password for a server. secgroup-add-group-rule Add a source group rule to a security group. secgroup-add-rule Add a rule to a security group. secgroup-create Create a security group. secgroup-delete Delete a security group. secgroup-delete-group-rule Delete a source group rule from a security group. secgroup-delete-rule Delete a rule from a security group. secgroup-list List security groups for the curent tenant. secgroup-list-rules List rules for a security group. show Show details about the given server. ssh SSH into a server. start Start a server. stop Stop a server. suspend Suspend a server. unlock Unlock a server. unpause Unpause a server. unrescue Unrescue a server. usage-list List usage data for all tenants volume-attach Attach a volume to a server. volume-create Add a new volume. volume-delete Remove a volume. volume-detach Detach a volume from a server. volume-list List all the volumes. volume-show Show details about a volume. volume-snapshot-create Add a new snapshot. volume-snapshot-delete Remove a snapshot. volume-snapshot-list List all the snapshots. volume-snapshot-show Show details about a snapshot. volume-type-create Create a new volume type. volume-type-delete Delete a specific flavor volume-type-list Print a list of available 'volume types'. x509-create-cert Create x509 cert for a user in tenant x509-get-root-cert Fetches the x509 root cert. bash-completion Prints all of the commands and options to stdout so that the help Display help about this program or one of its subcommands. Optional arguments: --debug Print debugging output --no-cache Don't use the auth token cache. --timings Print call timing info --os-username <auth-user-name> Defaults to env[OS_USERNAME]. --os-password <auth-password> Defaults to env[OS_PASSWORD]. --os-tenant-name <auth-tenant-name> Defaults to env[OS_TENANT_NAME]. --os-auth-url <auth-url> Defaults to env[OS_AUTH_URL]. --os-region-name <region-name> Defaults to env[OS_REGION_NAME]. --os-auth-system <auth-system> Defaults to env[OS_AUTH_SYSTEM]. --service-type <service-type> Defaults to compute for most actions --service-name <service-name> Defaults to env[NOVA_SERVICE_NAME] --volume-service-name <volume-service-type> Defaults to env[NOVA_VOLUME_SERVICE_NAME] --endpoint-type <endpoint-type> Defaults to env[NOVA_ENDPOINT_TYPE] or publicURL. --os-compute-api-version <compute-api-ver> Accepts 1.1, defaults to env[OS_COMPUTE_API_VERSION]. --username USERNAME Deprecated --insecure Explicitly allow novaclient to perform "insecure" SSL (https) requests. The server's certificate will not be verified against any certificate authorities. This option should be used with caution. --bypass-url <bypass-url> Use this API endpoint instead of the Service Catalog See "nova help COMMAND" for help on a specific command.
There's also a complete Python API, but it has not yet been documented.
Quick-start using keystone:
# use v2.0 auth with http://example.com:5000/v2.0/") >>> from novaclient.v1_1 import client >>> nt = client.Client(USER, PASS, TENANT, AUTH_URL, service_type="compute") >>> nt.flavors.list() [...] >>> nt.servers.list() [...] >>> nt.keypairs.list() [...]