Skip to content
OpenTok Server SDK for Ruby
Ruby HTML JavaScript CSS
Find file
New pull request

OpenTok Ruby SDK

Build Status

The OpenTok Ruby SDK lets you generate sessions and tokens for OpenTok applications, and archive OpenTok sessions.


Bundler (recommended):

Bundler helps manage dependencies for Ruby projects. Find more info here:

Add this gem to your Gemfile:

gem "opentok", "~> 2.3"

Allow bundler to install the change.

$ bundle install


$ gem install opentok -v 2.3.2



Load the gem at the top of any file where it will be used. Then initialize an OpenTok::OpenTok object with your OpenTok API key and API secret.

require "opentok"

opentok = api_key, api_secret

Creating Sessions

To create an OpenTok Session, use the OpenTok#create_session(properties) method. The properties parameter is an optional Hash used to specify whether you are creating a session that uses the OpenTok Media Server and specifying a location hint. The session_id method of the returned OpenTok::Session instance is useful to get a sessionId that can be saved to a persistent store (e.g. database).

# Create a session that will attempt to transmit streams directly between clients.
# If clients cannot connect, the session uses the OpenTok TURN server:
session = opentok.create_session

# A session that will use the OpenTok Media Server:
session = opentok.create_session :media_mode => :routed

# A session with a location hint:
session = opentok.create_session :location => ''

# A session with automatic archiving (must use the routed media mode):
session = opentok.create_session :archive_mode => :always, :media_mode => :routed

# Store this sessionId in the database for later use:
session_id = session.session_id

Generating Tokens

Once a Session is created, you can start generating Tokens for clients to use when connecting to it. You can generate a token either by calling the opentok.generate_token(session_id, options) method, or by calling the Session#generate_token(options) method on the an instance after creating it. The options parameter is an optional Hash used to set the role, expire time, and connection data of the Token.

# Generate a Token from just a session_id (fetched from a database)
token = opentok.generate_token session_id

# Generate a Token by calling the method on the Session (returned from createSession)
token = session.generate_token

# Set some options in a token
token = session.generate_token({
    :role        => :moderator
    :expire_time => * 24 * 60 * 60) # in one week
    :data        => 'name=Johnny'

Working with Archives

You can start the recording of an OpenTok Session using the opentok.archives.create(session_id, options) method. This will return an OpenTok::Archive instance. The parameter options is an optional Hash used to set the has_audio, has_video, and name options. Note that you can only start an Archive on a Session that has clients connected.

# Create an Archive
archive = opentok.archives.create session_id

# Create a named Archive
archive = opentok.archives.create session_id :name => "Important Presentation"

# Create an audio-only Archive
archive = opentok.archives.create session_id :has_video => false

# Store this archive_id in the database for later use
archive_id =

Setting the :output_mode option to :individual setting causes each stream in the archive to be recorded to its own individual file:

archive = opentok.archives.create session_id :output_mode => :individual

The :output_mode => :composed setting (the default) causes all streams in the archive to be recorded to a single (composed) file.

You can stop the recording of a started Archive using the opentok.archives.stop_by_id(archive_id) method. You can also do this using the Archive#stop() method.

# Stop an Archive from an archive_id (fetched from database)
opentok.archives.stop_by_id archive_id

# Stop an Archive from an instance (returned from opentok.archives.create)

To get an OpenTok::Archive instance (and all the information about it) from an archive_id, use the opentok.archives.find(archive_id) method.

archive = opentok.archives.find archive_id

To delete an Archive, you can call the opentok.archives.delete_by_id(archive_id) method or the delete method of an OpenTok::Archive instance.

# Delete an Archive from an archive_id (fetched from database)
opentok.archives.delete_by_id archive_id

# Delete an Archive from an Archive instance (returned from archives.create, archives.find)

You can also get a list of all the Archives you've created (up to 1000) with your API Key. This is done using the opentok.archives.all(options) method. The parameter options is an optional Hash used to specify an :offset and :count to help you paginate through the results. This will return an instance of the OpenTok::ArchiveList class.

archive_list = opentok.archives.all

# Get an specific Archive from the list

# Get the total number of Archives for this API Key
$total =

Note that you can also create an automatically archived session, by passing in :always as the :archive_mode property of the options parameter passed into the OpenTok#create_session() method (see "Creating Sessions," above).

For more information on archiving, see the OpenTok archiving programming guide.


There are two sample applications included in this repository. To get going as fast as possible, clone the whole repository and follow the Walkthroughs:


Reference documentation is available at and in the doc directory of the SDK.


You need an OpenTok API key and API secret, which you can obtain at

The OpenTok Ruby SDK requires Ruby 1.9.3 or greater.

Release Notes

See the Releases page for details about each release.

Important changes since v2.2.0

Changes in v2.2.2:

The default setting for the create_session() method is to create a session with the media mode set to relayed. In previous versions of the SDK, the default setting was to use the OpenTok Media Router (media mode set to routed). In a relayed session, clients will attempt to send streams directly between each other (peer-to-peer); if clients cannot connect due to firewall restrictions, the session uses the OpenTok TURN server to relay audio-video streams.

Changes in v2.2.0:

This version of the SDK includes support for working with OpenTok archives.

Note also that the options parameter of the OpenTok.create_session() method has a media_mode property instead of a p2p property.

See the reference documentation and in the docs directory of the SDK.

Development and Contributing

Interested in contributing? We :heart: pull requests! See the Development and Contribution guidelines.


See for all our support options.

Find a bug? File it on the Issues page. Hint: test cases are really helpful!

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.