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Command line utility

netjsonconfig ships a command line utility that can be used from the interactive shell, bash scripts or other programming languages.

Check out the available options yourself with:

$ netjsonconfig --help
usage: netjsonconfig [-h] [--config CONFIG]
                 [--templates [TEMPLATES [TEMPLATES ...]]]
                 [--native NATIVE] --backend {openwrt,openwisp,openvpn}
                 --method {render,generate,write,validate,json}
                 [--args [ARGS [ARGS ...]]] [--verbose] [--version]

Converts a NetJSON DeviceConfiguration object to native router configurations.
Exhaustive documentation is available at: http://netjsonconfig.openwisp.org/

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

input:
  --config CONFIG, -c CONFIG
                        config file or string, must be valid NetJSON
                        DeviceConfiguration
  --templates [TEMPLATES [TEMPLATES ...]], -t [TEMPLATES [TEMPLATES ...]]
                        list of template config files or strings separated by
                        space
  --native NATIVE, -n NATIVE
                        path to native configuration file or archive

output:
  --backend {openwrt,openwisp,openvpn}, -b {openwrt,openwisp,openvpn}
                        Configuration backend
  --method {render,generate,write,validate,json}, -m {render,generate,write,validate,json}
                        Backend method to use. "render" returns the
                        configuration in text format; "generate" returns a
                        tar.gz archive as output; "write" is like generate but
                        writes to disk; "validate" validates the combination
                        of config and templates passed in input;
                        "json" returns NetJSON output:
  --args [ARGS [ARGS ...]], -a [ARGS [ARGS ...]]
                        Optional arguments that can be passed to methods

debug:
  --verbose             verbose output
  --version, -v         show program's version number and exit

Here's the common use cases explained:

# generate tar.gz from a NetJSON DeviceConfiguration object and save its output to a file
netjsonconfig --config config.json --backend openwrt --method generate > config.tar.gz

# convert an OpenWRT tar.gz to NetJSON and print to standard output (with 4 space indentation)
netjsonconfig --native config.tar.gz --backend openwrt --method json -a indent="    "

# use write configuration archive to disk in /tmp/routerA.tar.gz
netjsonconfig --config config.json --backend openwrt --method write --args name=routerA path=/tmp/

# see output of OpenWrt render method
netjsonconfig --config config.json --backend openwrt --method render

# same as previous but exclude additional files
netjsonconfig --config config.json --backend openwrt --method render --args files=0

# validate the config.json file against the openwrt backend
netjsonconfig --config config.json --backend openwrt --method validate

# abbreviated options
netjsonconfig -c config.json -b openwrt -m render -a files=0

# passing a JSON string instead of a file path
netjsonconfig -c '{"general": { "hostname": "example" }}' -b openwrt -m render

Using templates:

netjsonconfig -c config.json -t template1.json template2.json -b openwrt -m render

# validate the result of merging config.json, template1.json and template2.json
# against the openwrt backend schema
netjsonconfig -c config.json -t template1.json template2.json -b openwrt -m validate

Environment variables

Environment variables are automatically passed to the context argument (if you don't know what this argument does please read ":ref:`context`"), therefore you can reference environment variables inside configurations and templates:

export HOSTNAME=freedom
netjsonconfig -c '{"general": { "hostname": "{{ HOSTNAME }}" }}' -b openwrt -m render

You can also avoid using export and write everything in a one line command:

PORT=2009; netjsonconfig -c config.json -t template1.json -b openwrt -m render