LuCI 0.10

Jo-Philipp Wich edited this page Jan 15, 2016 · 1 revision

Table of Contents

New in LuCI 0.10

This document describes new features and incompatibilities to LuCI 0.9.x. It is targeted at module authors developing external addons to LuCI.

I18N Changes

API

The call conventions for the i18n api changed, there is no dedicated translation key anymore and the english text is used for lookup instead. This was done to ease the maintenance of language files.

Code that uses translate() or i18n() must be changed as follows:

-- old style:
translate("some_text", "Some Text")
translatef("some_format_text", "Some formatted Text: %d", 123)

-- new style:
translate("Some Text")
translatef("Some formatted Text: %d", 123)

Likewise for templates:

<!-- old style: -->
<%:some_text Some Text%>

<!-- new style: -->
<%:Some Text%>

If code must support both LuCI 0.9.x and 0.10.x versions, it is suggested to write the calls as follows:

translate("Some Text", "Some Text")

An alternative is wrapping translate() calls into a helper function:

function tr(key, alt)
    return translate(key) or translate(alt) or alt
end

... which is used as follows:

tr("some_key", "Some Text")

Translation File Format

Translation catalogs are now maintained in *.po format files. During build those get translated into *.lmo archives.

LuCI ships a utility script in the build/ directory to convert old Lua translation files to the *.po format. The generated *.po files should be placed in the appropriate subdirectories within the top po/ file in the LuCI source tree.

Components built within the LuCI tree

If components using translations are built along with the LuCI tree, the newly added *.po file are automatically compiled into *.lmo archives during the build process. In order to bundle the appropriate *.lmo files into the corresponding *.ipk packages, component Makefiles must include a "PO" variable specifying the files to include.

Given a module applications/example/ which uses po/en/example.po and po/en/example-extra.po, the applications/example/Makefile must be changed as follows:

PO = example example-extra

include ../../build/config.mk
include ../../build/module.mk

Standalone components

Authors who externally package LuCI components must prepare required *.lmo archives themselves. To convert existing Lua based message catalogs to the *.po format, the build/i18n-lua2po.pl helper script can be used. In order to convert *.po files into *.lmo files, the standalone "po2lmo" utility must be compiled as follows:

$ svn co http://svn.luci.subsignal.org/luci/branches/luci-0.10/libs/lmo
$ cd lmo/
$ make
$ ./src/po2lmo translations.po translations.lmo

Note that at the time of writing, the utility program needs Lua headers installed on the system in order to compile properly.

CBI

Datatypes

The server side UVL validation has been dropped to reduce space requirements on the target. Instead it is possible to define datatypes for CBI widgets now:

opt = section:option(Value, "optname", "Title Text")
opt.datatype = "ip4addr"

User provided data is validated once on the frontend via JavaScript and on the server side prior to saving it. A list of possible datatypes can be found in the luci.cbi.datatypes class.

Validation

Server-sided validator function can now return custom error messages to provide better feedback on invalid input.

opt = section:option(Value, "optname", "Title Text")

function opt.validate(self, value, section)
    if input_is_valid(value) then
        return value
    else
        return nil, "The value is invalid because ..."
    end
end

Tabs

It is now possible to break up CBI sections into multiple tabs to better organize longer forms. The TypedSection and NamedSection classes gained two new functions to define tabs, tab() and taboption().

sct = map:section(TypedSection, "name", "type", "Title Text")

sct:tab("general", "General Tab Title", "General Tab Description")
sct:tab("advanced", "Advanced Tab Title", "Advanced Tab Description")

opt = sct:taboption("general", Value, "optname", "Title Text")
...

The tab() function is declares a new tab and takes up to three arguments:

  • Internal name of the tab, must be unique within the section
  • Title text of the tab
  • Optional description text for the tab
The taboption() function wraps option() and assigns the option object to the given tab. It takes up to five arguments:
  • Name of the tab to assign the option to
  • Option type, e.g. Value or DynamicList
  • Option name
  • Title text of the option
  • Optional description text of the option
If tabs are used within a particular section, the option() function must not be used, doing so results in undefined behaviour.

Hooks

The CBI gained support for hooks which can be used to trigger additional actions during the life-cycle of a map:

map = Map("config", "Title Text")

function map.on_commit(self)
    -- do something if the UCI configuration got committed
end

The following hooks are defined:

on_cancel The user pressed cancel within a multi-step Delegator or a SimpleForm instance
on_init The CBI is about to render the Map object
on_parse The CBI is about to read received HTTP form values
on_save, on_before_save The CBI is about to save modified UCI configuration files
on_after_save Modified UCI configuration files just got saved
on_before_commit The CBI is about to commit the changes
on_commit, on_after_commit, on_before_apply Modified configurations got committed and the CBI is about to restart associated services
on_apply, on_after_apply All changes where completely applied (only works on Map instances with the apply_on_parse attribute set)

Sortable Tables

TypedSection instances which use the "cbi/tblsection" template may now use a new attribute sortable to allow the user to reorder table rows.

sct = map:section(TypedSection, "name", "type", "Title Text")
sct.template = "cbi/tblsection"
sct.sortable = true

...

JavaScript

The LuCI 0.10 branch introduced a new JavaScript file xhr.js which provides support routines for XMLHttpRequest operations. Each theme must include this file in the <head></head> area of the document for forms to work correctly.

It should be included like this:

<script type="text/javascript" src="<%=resource%>/xhr.js"></script>