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We assume you want to call your new theme mytheme. Make sure you replace this by your module name everytime this is mentionend in this Howto.
At first create a new theme directory themes/luci-theme-mytheme.
Create a Makefile inside your theme directory with the following content:
include $(TOPDIR)/rules.mk LUCI_TITLE:=Title of mytheme include ../../luci.mk # call BuildPackage - OpenWrt buildroot signature
Create the following directory structure inside your theme directory.
Create two LuCI HTML-Templates named header.htm and footer.htm under luasrc/view/themes/mytheme. The header.htm will be included at the beginning of each rendered page and the footer.htm at the end. So your header.htm will probably contain a DOCTYPE description, headers, the menu and layout of the page and the footer.htm will close all remaining open tags and may add a footer bar but hey that's your choice you are the designer ;-).
Just make sure your header.htm begins with the following lines:
<% require("luci.http").prepare_content("text/html") -%>
This makes sure your content will be sent to the client with the right content type. Of course you can adapt text/html to your needs.
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="<%=media%>/cascade.css" />
If you are done with your work there are two last steps to do. To make your theme OpenWrt-capable and selectable on the settings page you should now create a file root/etc/uci-defaults/luci-theme-mytheme with the following contents:
#!/bin/sh uci batch <<-EOF set luci.themes.MyTheme=/luci-static/mytheme commit luci EOF exit 0
That's all. Now send your theme to the LuCI developers to get it into the development repository - if you like.