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This directory contains the source files for libmilter.

The sendmail Mail Filter API (Milter) is designed to allow third-party
programs access to mail messages as they are being processed in order to
filter meta-information and content.

This README file describes the steps needed to compile and run a filter,
through reference to a sample filter which is attached at the end of this
file.  It is necessary to first build libmilter.a, which can be done by
issuing the './Build' command in SRCDIR/libmilter .

Starting with 8.13 sendmail is compiled by default with support for
the milter API.

Note: if you want to write a milter in Java, then see


Note: we strongly recommend not to run any milter as root.  Libmilter
does not need root access to communicate with sendmail.  It is a
good security practice to run a program only with root privileges
if really necessary.  A milter should probably check first whether
it runs as root and refuse to start in that case.  libmilter will
not unlink a socket when running as root.


Libmilter uses a set of C preprocessor macros to specify platform specific
features of the C compiler and standard C libraries.

	Set to 1 if poll(2) should be used instead of select(2).


The following command presumes that the sample code from the end of this
README is saved to a file named 'sample.c' and built in the local platform-
specific build subdirectory (SRCDIR/obj.*/libmilter).

	cc -I../../include -o sample sample.c libmilter.a ../libsm/libsm.a -pthread

It is recommended that you build your filters in a location outside of
the sendmail source tree.  Modify the compiler include references (-I)
and the library locations accordingly.  Also, some operating systems may
require additional libraries.  For example, SunOS 5.X requires '-lresolv
-lsocket -lnsl'.  Depending on your operating system you may need a library
instead of the option -pthread, e.g., -lpthread.

Filters must be thread-safe!  Many operating systems now provide support for
POSIX threads in the standard C libraries.  The compiler flag to link with
threading support differs according to the compiler and linker used.  Check
the Makefile in your appropriate obj.*/libmilter build subdirectory if you
are unsure of the local flag used.

Note that since filters use threads, it may be necessary to alter per
process limits in your filter.  For example, you might look at using
setrlimit() to increase the number of open file descriptors if your filter
is going to be busy.


Filters are specified with a key letter ``X'' (for ``eXternal'').

For example:

	Xfilter1, S=local:/var/run/f1.sock, F=R
	Xfilter2, S=inet6:999@localhost, F=T, T=C:10m;S:1s;R:1s;E:5m
	Xfilter3, S=inet:3333@localhost

specifies three filters.  Filters can be specified in your .mc file using
the following:

	INPUT_MAIL_FILTER(`filter1', `S=local:/var/run/f1.sock, F=R')
	INPUT_MAIL_FILTER(`filter2', `S=inet6:999@localhost, F=T, T=C:10m;S:1s;R:1s;E:5m')
	INPUT_MAIL_FILTER(`filter3', `S=inet:3333@localhost')

The first attaches to a Unix-domain socket in the /var/run directory; the
second uses an IPv6 socket on port 999 of localhost, and the third uses an
IPv4 socket on port 3333 of localhost.  The current flags (F=) are:

	R		Reject connection if filter unavailable
	T		Temporary fail connection if filter unavailable
	4		Shut down connection if filter unavailable
			(with a 421 temporary error).

If none of these is specified, the message is passed through sendmail
in case of filter errors as if the failing filters were not present.

Finally, you can override the default timeouts used by sendmail when
talking to the filters using the T= equate.  There are four fields inside
of the T= equate:

Letter		Meaning
  C		Timeout for connecting to a filter (if 0, use system timeout)
  S		Timeout for sending information from the MTA to a filter
  R		Timeout for reading reply from the filter
  E		Overall timeout between sending end-of-message to filter
		and waiting for the final acknowledgment

Note the separator between each is a ';' as a ',' already separates equates
and therefore can't separate timeouts.  The default values (if not set in
the config) are:


where 's' is seconds and 'm' is minutes.

Which filters are invoked and their sequencing is handled by the 
InputMailFilters option. Note: if InputMailFilters is not defined no filters
will be used.

	O InputMailFilters=filter1, filter2, filter3

This is is set automatically according to the order of the
INPUT_MAIL_FILTER commands in your .mc file.  Alternatively, you can
reset its value by setting confINPUT_MAIL_FILTERS in your .mc file.
This options causes the three filters to be called in the same order
they were specified.  It allows for possible future filtering on output
(although this is not intended for this release).

Also note that a filter can be defined without adding it to the input
filter list by using MAIL_FILTER() instead of INPUT_MAIL_FILTER() in your
.mc file.

To test sendmail with the sample filter, the following might be added (in
the appropriate locations) to your .mc file:

	INPUT_MAIL_FILTER(`sample', `S=local:/var/run/f1.sock')


Once you have compiled a filter, modified your .mc file and restarted
the sendmail process, you will want to test that the filter performs as

The sample filter takes one argument -p, which indicates the local port
on which to create a listening socket for the filter.  Maintaining
consistency with the suggested options for, this would be the
UNIX domain socket located in /var/run/f1.sock.

	% ./sample -p local:/var/run/f1.sock

If the sample filter returns immediately to a command line, there was either
an error with your command or a problem creating the specified socket.
Further logging can be captured through the syslogd daemon.  Using the
'netstat -a' command can ensure that your filter process is listening on
the appropriate local socket.

Email messages must be injected via SMTP to be filtered.  There are two
simple means of doing this; either using the 'sendmail -bs' command, or
by telnetting to port 25 of the machine configured for milter.  Once
connected via one of these options, the session can be continued through
the use of standard SMTP commands.

% sendmail -bs
220 ESMTP Sendmail 8.14.0/8.14.0; Thu, 22 Jun 2006 13:05:23 -0500 (EST)
HELO localhost
250 Hello testy@localhost, pleased to meet you
MAIL From:<testy>
250 2.1.0 <testy>... Sender ok
RCPT To:<root>
250 2.1.5 <root>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
Subject: testing sample filter

Sample body
250 2.0.0 dB73Zxi25236 Message accepted for delivery
221 2.0.0 closing connection

In the above example, the lines beginning with numbers are output by the
mail server, and those without are your input.  If everything is working
properly, you will find a file in /tmp by the name of msg.XXXXXXXX (where
the Xs represent any combination of letters and numbers).  This file should
contain the message body and headers from the test email entered above.

If the sample filter did not log your test email, there are a number of
methods to narrow down the source of the problem.  Check your system
logs written by syslogd and see if there are any pertinent lines.  You
may need to reconfigure syslogd to capture all relevant data.  Additionally,
the logging level of sendmail can be raised with the LogLevel option.
See the sendmail(8) manual page for more information.


libmilter requires pthread support in the operating system.  Moreover, it
requires that the library functions it uses are thread safe; which is true
for the operating systems libmilter has been developed and tested on.  On
some operating systems this requires special compile time options (e.g.,
not just -pthread).  libmilter is currently known to work on (modulo problems
in the pthread support of some specific versions):

FreeBSD 3.x, 4.x
SunOS 5.x (x >= 5)
AIX 4.3.x
HP UX 11.x
Linux (recent versions/distributions)

libmilter is currently not supported on:

IRIX 6.x

Feedback about problems (and possible fixes) is welcome.


Note that the filter example.c may not be thread safe on some operating
systems.  You should check your system man pages for the functions used
below to verify the functions are thread safe.

$Revision: 8.42 $, Last updated $Date: 2006-06-29 17:10:16 $