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Octocat-spinner-32 attributes
Octocat-spinner-32 recipes
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Octocat-spinner-32 CHANGELOG.md
Octocat-spinner-32 CONTRIBUTING
Octocat-spinner-32 LICENSE Preparing repository for splitting cookbooks into their own repos. February 28, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 README.md
Octocat-spinner-32 metadata.rb
README.md

Description

Installs and configures postfix for client or outbound relayhost, or to do SASL authentication.

On RHEL-family systems, sendmail will be replaced with postfix.

Requirements

Platform:

  • Ubuntu 10.04+
  • Debian 6.0+
  • RHEL/CentOS/Scientific 5.7+, 6.2+
  • Amazon Linux (as of AMIs created after 4/9/2012)

Attributes

See attributes/default.rb for default values.

  • node['postfix']['mail_type'] - Sets the kind of mail configuration. master will set up a server (relayhost).
  • node['postfix']['myhostname'] - corresponds to the myhostname option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['mydomain'] - corresponds to the mydomain option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['myorigin'] - corresponds to the myorigin option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['relayhost'] - corresponds to the relayhost option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['relayhost_role'] - name of a role used for search in the client recipe.
  • node['postfix']['multi_environment_relay'] - set to true if nodes should not constrain search for the relayhost in their own environment.
  • node['postfix']['mail_relay_networks'] - corresponds to the mynetworks option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['smtpd_use_tls'] - set to "yes" to use TLS for SMTPD, which will use the snakeoil certs.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_sasl_auth_enable'] - set to "yes" to enable SASL authentication for SMTP.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_sasl_password_maps'] - corresponds to the smtp_sasl_password_maps option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_sasl_security_options'] - corresponds to the smtp_sasl_security_options option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_tls_cafile'] - corresponds to the smtp_tls_CAfile option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_use_tls'] - corresponds to the smtp_use_tls option in /etc/postfix/main.cf.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_sasl_user_name'] - mapped in the sasl_passwd file as the user to authenticate as.
  • node['postfix']['smtp_sasl_passwd'] - mapped in the sasl_passwd file as the password to use.
  • node['postfix']['aliases'] - hash of aliases to create with recipe[postfix::aliases], see below under Recipes for more information.

Recipes

default

Installs the postfix package and manages the service and the main configuration files (/etc/postfix/main.cf and /etc/postfix/master.cf). See Usage and Examples to see how to affect behavior of this recipe through configuration.

For a more dynamic approach to discovery for the relayhost, see the client and server recipes below.

client

Use this recipe to have nodes automatically search for the mail relay based which node has the node['postfix']['relayhost'] role. Sets the node['postfix']['relayhost'] attribute to the first result from the search.

Includes the default recipe to install, configure and start postfix.

Does not work with chef-solo.

sasl_auth

Sets up the system to authenticate with a remote mail relay using SASL authentication.

server

To use Chef Server search to automatically detect a node that is the relayhost, use this recipe in a role that will be relayhost. By default, the role should be "relayhost" but you can change the attribute node['postfix']['relayhost_role'] to modify this.

Note This recipe will set the node['postfix']['mail_type'] to "master" with an override attribute.

aliases

Manage /etc/aliases with this recipe. Currently only Ubuntu 10.04 platform has a template for the aliases file. Add your aliases template to the templates/default or to the appropriate platform+version directory per the File Specificity rules for templates. Then specify a hash of aliases for the node['postfix']['aliases'] attribute.

http://wiki.opscode.com/display/chef/Templates#Templates-TemplateLocationSpecificity

Usage

On systems that should simply send mail directly to a relay, or out to the internet, use recipe[postfix] and modify the node['postfix']['relayhost'] attribute via a role.

On systems that should be the MX for a domain, set the attributes accordingly and make sure the node['postfix']['mail_type'] attribute is master. See Examples for information on how to use recipe[postfix::server] to do this automatically.

If you need to use SASL authentication to send mail through your ISP (such as on a home network), use recipe[postfix::sasl_auth] and set the appropriate attributes.

For each of these implementations, see Examples for role usage.

Examples

The example roles below only have the relevant postfix usage. You may have other contents depending on what you're configuring on your systems.

The base role is applied to all nodes in the environment.

name "base"
run_list("recipe[postfix]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "mail_type" => "client",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com",
    "relayhost" => "[smtp.example.com]",
    "smtp_use_tls" => "no"
  }
)

The relayhost role is applied to the nodes that are relayhosts. Often this is 2 systems using a CNAME of smtp.example.com.

name "relayhost"
run_list("recipe[postfix]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "mail_relay_networks" => "10.3.3.0/24",
    "mail_type" => "master",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com"
  }
)

The sasl_relayhost role is applied to the nodes that are relayhosts and require authenticating with SASL. For example this might be on a household network with an ISP that otherwise blocks direct internet access to SMTP.

name "sasl_relayhost"
run_list("recipe[postfix], recipe[postfix::sasl_auth]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "mail_relay_networks" => "10.3.3.0/24",
    "mail_type" => "master",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com",
    "relayhost" => "[smtp.comcast.net]:587",
    "smtp_sasl_auth_enable" => "yes",
    "smtp_sasl_passwd" => "your_password",
    "smtp_sasl_user_name" => "your_username"
  }
)

For an example of using encrypted data bags to encrypt the SASL password, see the following blog post:

Examples using the client & server recipes

If you'd like to use the more dynamic search based approach for discovery, use the server and client recipes. First, create a relayhost role.

name "relayhost"
run_list("recipe[postfix::server]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "mail_relay_networks" => "10.3.3.0/24",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com"
  }
)

Then, add the postfix::client recipe to the run list of your base role or equivalent role for postfix clients.

name "base"
run_list("recipe[postfix::client]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "mail_type" => "client",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com"
  }
)

If you wish to use a different role name for the relayhost, then also set the attribute in the base role. For example, postfix_master as the role name:

name "postfix_master"
description "a role for postfix master that isn't relayhost"
run_list("recipe[postfix::server]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "mail_relay_networks" => "10.3.3.0/24",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com"
  }
)

The base role would look something like this:

name "base"
run_list("recipe[postfix::client]")
override_attributes(
  "postfix" => {
    "relayhost_role" => "postfix_master",
    "mail_type" => "client",
    "mydomain" => "example.com",
    "myorigin" => "example.com"
  }
)

License and Author

Author:: Joshua Timberman joshua@opscode.com

Copyright:: 2009-2012, Opscode, Inc

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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