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@sile @g-votte @nmasahiro @hvy @higumachan
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Optuna example that optimizes a classifier configuration for cancer dataset
using XGBoost.
In this example, we optimize the validation accuracy of cancer detection
using XGBoost. We optimize both the choice of booster model and their hyper
We have following two ways to execute this example:
(1) Execute this code directly.
$ python
(2) Execute through CLI.
$ STUDY_NAME=`optuna create-study --direction maximize --storage sqlite:///example.db`
$ optuna study optimize objective --n-trials=100 --study $STUDY_NAME \
--storage sqlite:///example.db
import numpy as np
import sklearn.datasets
import sklearn.metrics
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
import xgboost as xgb
import optuna
# FYI: Objective functions can take additional arguments
# (
def objective(trial):
(data, target) = sklearn.datasets.load_breast_cancer(return_X_y=True)
train_x, test_x, train_y, test_y = train_test_split(data, target, test_size=0.25)
dtrain = xgb.DMatrix(train_x, label=train_y)
dtest = xgb.DMatrix(test_x, label=test_y)
param = {
'silent': 1,
'objective': 'binary:logistic',
'booster': trial.suggest_categorical('booster', ['gbtree', 'gblinear', 'dart']),
'lambda': trial.suggest_loguniform('lambda', 1e-8, 1.0),
'alpha': trial.suggest_loguniform('alpha', 1e-8, 1.0)
if param['booster'] == 'gbtree' or param['booster'] == 'dart':
param['max_depth'] = trial.suggest_int('max_depth', 1, 9)
param['eta'] = trial.suggest_loguniform('eta', 1e-8, 1.0)
param['gamma'] = trial.suggest_loguniform('gamma', 1e-8, 1.0)
param['grow_policy'] = trial.suggest_categorical('grow_policy', ['depthwise', 'lossguide'])
if param['booster'] == 'dart':
param['sample_type'] = trial.suggest_categorical('sample_type', ['uniform', 'weighted'])
param['normalize_type'] = trial.suggest_categorical('normalize_type', ['tree', 'forest'])
param['rate_drop'] = trial.suggest_loguniform('rate_drop', 1e-8, 1.0)
param['skip_drop'] = trial.suggest_loguniform('skip_drop', 1e-8, 1.0)
bst = xgb.train(param, dtrain)
preds = bst.predict(dtest)
pred_labels = np.rint(preds)
accuracy = sklearn.metrics.accuracy_score(test_y, pred_labels)
return accuracy
if __name__ == '__main__':
study = optuna.create_study(direction='maximize')
study.optimize(objective, n_trials=100)
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