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Coherence JavaScript Client

Quality Gate Status

Coherence JavaScript Client allows Node applications to act as cache clients to a Coherence Cluster using Google's gRPC framework for the network transport.


  • Familiar Map-like interface for manipulating entries
  • Cluster-side querying and aggregation of map entries
  • Cluster-side manipulation of map entries using EntryProcessors
  • Registration of listeners to be notified of map mutations


  • Coherence CE 22.06 or later (or equivalent non-open source editions) with a configured gRPC Proxy
  • Node 18.15.x or later
  • NPM 9.x or later


Before testing the library, you must ensure a Coherence cluster is available. For local development, we recommend using the Coherence CE Docker image; it contains everything necessary for the client to operate correctly.

docker run -d -p 1408:1408

or to save some keystrokes/time, use the included npm script, coh-up to start a two-member Cluster with the gRPC port at 1408"

npm run coh-up

Important! When calling coh-up or coh-down, the LTS version of Coherence will be used (22.06.2). To use a later Coherence version, such as 24.03, prefix the calls with, or export COHERENCE_VERSION=<desired-version>. For example:

COHERENCE_VERSION=24.03 npm run coh-up

For more details on the image, see the documentation.

Declare Your Dependency

To use the Coherence gRPC JavaScript Client, simply declare it as a dependency in your project's package.json:

"dependencies": {
    "@oracle/coherence": "^1.2",

Compatibility with Java Types

The following table provides a listing of mappings between Java types and Javascript types when working with Coherence 23.09 or later. If using Coherence 22.06.x, these types will be returned as Number. It is recommended using 23.09 if intentionally using java.math.BigInteger or java.math.BigDecimal as part of your application.

Java Type JavascriptType
java.math.BigInteger BigInt (ECMA standard)
java.math.BigDecimal Decimal (decimal.js)


NOTE: The following examples assume the Coherence container is running locally. You can start a container by running npm run coh-up.

Establishing a Session

The Coherence uses the concept of a Session to manage a set of related Coherence resources, such as maps and/or caches. When using the Coherence JavaScript Client, a Session connects to a specific gRPC endpoint and uses a specific serialization format to marshal requests and responses. This means that different sessions using different serializers may connect to the same server endpoint. Typically, for efficiency the client and server would be configured to use matching serialization formats to avoid deserialization of data on the server, but this does not have to be the case. If the server is using a different serializer for the server-side caches, it must be able to deserialize the client's requests, so there must be a serializer configured on the server to match that used by the client.

NOTE: Currently, the Coherence JavaScript client only supports JSON serialization

A Session is constructed using an Options instance, or a generic object with the same keys and values.

The currently supported properties are:

  • address - the address of the Coherence gRPC proxy. This defaults to localhost:1408.
  • requestTimeoutInMillis - the gRPC request timeout in milliseconds. This defaults to 60000.
  • callOptions - per-request gRPC call options.
  • tls - options related to the configuration of TLS.
    • enabled - determines if TLS is enabled or not. This defaults to false (NOTE: assumes true if all three COHERENCE_TLS_* (see subsequent bullets) environment variables are defined)
    • caCertPath - the path to the CA certificate. This may be configured using the environment variable COHERENCE_TLS_CERTS_PATH
    • clientCertPath - the path to the client certificate. This may be configured with the environment variable COHERENCE_TLS_CLIENT_CERT
    • clientKeyPath - the path to the client certificate key. This may be configured with the environment variable COHERENCE_TLS_CLIENT_KEY

NOTE: If testing locally generated certificates, set COHERENCE_IGNORE_INVALID_CERTS to true to disable TLS validation of the certificates.

const { Session } = require('@oracle/coherence')

let session = new Session()

This is the simplest invocation which assumes the following defaults:

  • address is localhost:1408
  • requestTimeoutInMillis is 60000
  • tls is disabled

To use values other than the default, create a new Options instance, configure as desired, and pass it to the constructor of the Session:

const { Session, Options } = require('@oracle/coherence')

const opts = new Options()
opts.address = ''

let session = new Session(opts)

or instead of an Options instance, using a generic JavaScript object:

const { Session } = require('@oracle/coherence')

const opts = new Options({address: ''})

let session = new Session(opts)

It's also possible to control the default address the session will bind to by providing an address via the COHERENCE_GRPC_PROXY_ADDRESS environment variable. The format of the value would be the same as if you configured it programmatically as the above example shows.

Once the session has been constructed, it will now be possible to create maps and caches.

Basic Map Operations

The map (NamedMap) and cache (NamedCache) implementations provide the same basic features as the Map provided by JavaScript except for the following differences:

  • key equality isn't restricted to reference equality
  • insertion order is not maintained
  • set() calls cannot be chained because of the asynchronous nature of the API

NOTE: The only difference between NamedCache and NamedMap is that the 'NamedCache' allows associating a time-to-live on the cache entry, while NamedMap does not

For the following examples, let's assume that we have a Map defined in Coherence named Test. To get access to the map from the client:

NOTE: If using the Docker image previously mentioned for testing, you don't need to worry about the details of the map name. Any name will work.

let map = session.getMap('Test')

Once we have a handle to our map, we can invoke the same basic operations as a standard JavaScript Map:

await map.size
// (zero)

await map.set('key1', 'value1')
await map.set('key2', 'value2')
// returns a Promise vs the map itself, so these can't be chained

await map.size
// (two)

await map.get('key1')
// value1

await map.has('key2')
// true

await map.has('key3')
// false

await map.keys()
// ['key1', 'key2']

await map.values()
// ['value1', 'value2']

await map.entries()
// [{key: 'key1', value: 'value1'}, {key: 'key2', value: 'value2'}]

await map.forEach((value, key) => console.log(key + ': ' + value))
// prints all of the entries

Querying the Map

Coherence provides a rich set of primitives that allow developers to create advanced queries against a set of entries returning only those keys and/or values matching the specified criteria. See the documentation for details on the Filters provided by this client.

Let's assume we have a NamedMap in which we're storing string keys and some objects with the structure of:

  name: <string>
  age:  <number>
  hobbies: [] // of string

First, let's insert a few objects:

await map.set('0001', {name: "Bill Smith", age: 38, hobbies: ["gardening", "painting"]})
await map.set('0002', {name: "Fred Jones", age: 56, hobbies: ["racing", "golf"]})
await map.set('0003', {name: "Jane Doe", age: 48, hobbies: ["gardening", "photography"]})

Using a filter, we can limit the result set returned by the map:

const { Filters } = require('@oracle/coherence')

// ...

await map.entries(Filters.greater('age', 40))
// [{key: '0002', value: {name: "Fred Jones"...}}, {key: '0002', value: {name: "Jane Doe"...}}]

await map.keys(Filters.arrayContains('hobbies', 'gardening'))  
// ['0001', '0003']

await map.values(Filters.not(Filters.arrayContains('hobbies', 'gardening')))
// [{name: "Fred Jones", age: 56, hobbies: ["racing", "golf"]}]


Coherence provides developers with the ability to process some subset of the entries in a map, resulting in an aggregated result. See the documentation for aggregators provided by this client.

Assume the same set of keys and values are present from the filtering example above:

const { Aggregators, Filters } = require('@oracle/coherence')

// ...

await map.aggregate(Aggregators.average('age'))
// 47.3

await map.aggregate(Aggregators.sum('age'))
// 142

await map.aggregate(Filters.greater('age', 40), Aggregators.count())
// 2

Entry Processing

An entry processor allows mutation of map entries in-place within the cluster instead of bringing the entire object to the client, updating, and pushing the value back. See the documentation for the processors provided by this client.

Assume the same set of keys and values are present from the filtering and aggregation examples:

const { Filters, Processors } = require('@oracle/coherence')

// ...

// targeting a specific entry
await map.invoke('0001', Processors.extract('age'))
// returns: 38

// target all entries across the cluster
await map.invokeAll(Processors.extract('age'))
// returns: [['0001', 38], ['0002', 56], ['0003', 48]]

// target all entries matching filtered critera
await map.invokeAll(Filters.greater('age', 40), Processors.extract('age'))
// returns: [['0002', 56], ['0003', 48]]

// incrementing a number 'in-place'
await map.invokeAll(Filters.greater('age', 40), Processors.increment('age', 1))
// returns [['0002', 57], ['0003', 49]]

// update a value 'in-place'
await map.invoke('0001', Processors.update('age', 100))
// returns true meaning the value was updated
await map.get('0001')
// the value will reflect the new age value


Coherence provides the ability to subscribe to notifications pertaining to a particular map/cache. Registration works similarly to event registration with Node, with some key differences. In addition to listening for specific events, it is possible to listen to events for changes made to a specific key, or using a Filter, it's possible to limit the events raised to be for a subset of the map entries.

Now, let's register a listener:

import { event } from '@oracle/coherence'

const MapEventType = event.MapEventType
const MapListener = event.MapListener

const handler = (event: MapEvent) => { 
  console.log('Event: ' + event.description 
    + ', Key: ' + JSON.stringify(event.key) 
    + ', New Value: ' + JSON.stringify(event.newValue)
    + ', Old Value: ' + JSON.stringify(event.oldValue))

const listener = new MapListener()
  .on(MapEventType.INSERT, handler)
  .on(MapEventType.UPDATE, handler)
  .on(MapEventType.DELETE, handler)

// register to receive all event types for all entries within the map
await map.addMapListener(listener)

await map.set('a', 'b')
// Event: insert, Key: a, New Value: b, Old Value: null

await map.set('a', 'c')
// Event: update, Key: a, New Value: c, Old Value: b

await map.delete('a')
// Event: delete, Key: a, New Value: null, Old Value: c

// remove the listeners
await map.removeMapListener(listener)

// =======================================

// Assume the previous listener as well as the following key and values
//   ['0001', {name: "Bill Smith", age: 38, hobbies: ["gardening", "painting"]}]
//   ['0002', {name: "Fred Jones", age: 56, hobbies: ["racing", "golf"]}]
//   ['0003', {name: "Jane Doe", age: 48, hobbies: ["gardening", "photography"]}]

// Add handlers for updates to '0001'
await map.addMapListener(listener, '0001')

await map.update('0002', '0002')
// does not generate any events

await map.invoke('0001', Processors.increment('age', 1))
// Event: update, Key: 0001, New Value: {name: "Bill Smith", age: 39, hobbies: ["gardening", "painting"]}, Old Value: {name: "Bill Smith", age: 38, hobbies: ["gardening", "painting"]}

await map.delete('0001') 
// does not generate any events

// remove the key listener
await map.removeMapListener(listener, '0001')

// =======================================

// Assume the same setup as the previous example, except instead of listening to events for a single key,
// we'll instead listen for events raised for entries that match the filtered criteria.
const filter = Filters.event(Filters.greater('age', 40), filter.MapEventFilter.UPDATED)

// Listen to all updates to entries where the age property of the entry value is greater than 40
await map.addMapListener(listener, filter) 

await map.invokeAll(Processors.increment('age', 1));
// Event: update, Key: 0002, New Value: {name: "Fred Jones", age: 57, hobbies: ["racing", "golf"]}, Old Value: {name: "Fred Jones", age: 56, hobbies: ["racing", "golf"]}
// Event: update, Key: 0003, New Value: "Jane Doe", age: 49, hobbies: ["gardening", "photography"]}, Old Value: "Jane Doe", age: 48, hobbies: ["gardening", "photography"]}

// remove the filter listener
await map.removeMapListener(listener, filter)

Cut/Paste Example

Here's an example that can be pasted into a new node project that is using this library:

const { Session } = require('@oracle/coherence')

let session = new Session()
let map = session.getMap('Test')

setImmediate(async () => {
  console.log("Map size is " + (await map.size))

  console.log("Inserting entry (key=1, value=One)")
  await map.set(1, "One")

  console.log("Inserting entry (key=2, value=Two)")
  await map.set(2, "Two")

  let entries = await map.entries();

  console.log("All entries")
  for await (const entry of entries) {
    console.log(entry.key + '=' + entry.value)

  console.log("Key 1 is " + (await map.get(1)))
  console.log("Key 2 is " + (await map.get(2)))

  console.log("Deleting entry (key=1)")
  await map.delete(1)

  console.log("Map size is " + (await map.size))
  await session.close()

When run, it produces:

Map size is 0
Inserting entry (key=1, value=One)
Map entry is One
Deleting entry (key=1)
Map size is 0



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