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OrbitDB API Documentation

Read the GETTING STARTED guide for a more in-depth tutorial and to understand how OrbitDB works.

Table of Contents

Creating an OrbitDB instance

createInstance(ipfs, [options])

const orbitdb = await OrbitDB.createInstance(ipfs)

Creates and returns an instance of OrbitDB. Use the optional options argument for further configuration. It is an object with any of these properties:

  • directory (string): path to be used for the database files. By default it uses './orbitdb'.

  • peerId (string): By default it uses the base58 string of the ipfs peer id.

  • keystore (Keystore Instance) : By default creates an instance of Keystore. A custom keystore instance can be used, see this for an example.

  • 'cache' (Cache Instance) : By default creates an instance of Cache. A custom cache instance can also be used.

  • identity (Identity Instance): By default it creates an instance of Identity

After creating an OrbitDB instance, you can access the different data stores. Creating a database instance, eg. with orbitdb.keyvalue(...), returns a Promise that resolves to a database instance. See the Store section for details of common methods and properties.

For further details, see usage for kvstore, eventlog, feed, docstore and counter.

const db = await orbitdb.keyvalue('profile')

Public Instance Methods

orbitdb.create(name, type, [options])

Creates and opens an OrbitDB database.

Returns a Promise that resolves to a database instance. name (string) should be the database name, not an OrbitDB address (i.e. user.posts). type is a supported database type (i.e. eventlog or an added custom type). options is an object with any of the following properties:

  • directory (string): The directory where data will be stored (Default: uses directory option passed to OrbitDB constructor or ./orbitdb if none was provided).
  • write (array): An array of hex encoded public keys which are used to set write access to the database. ["*"] can be passed in to give write access to everyone. See the GETTING STARTED guide for more info. (Default: uses the OrbitDB identity public key orbitdb.identity.publicKey, which would give write access only to yourself)
  • overwrite (boolean): Overwrite an existing database (Default: false)
  • replicate (boolean): Replicate the database with peers, requires IPFS PubSub. (Default: true)
const db = await orbitdb.create('user.posts', 'eventlog', {
  accessController: {  
    write: [
      // Give access to ourselves
      orbitdb.identity.publicKey,
      // Give access to the second peer
      '042c07044e7ea51a489c02854db5e09f0191690dc59db0afd95328c9db614a2976e088cab7c86d7e48183191258fc59dc699653508ce25bf0369d67f33d5d77839'
    ]
  }
})
// db created & opened

orbitdb.determineAddress(name, type, [options])

Returns the orbit-db address for given parameters

Returns a Promise that resolves to an orbit-db address. The parameters correspond exactly with the parameters of orbit-db.create. This is useful for determining a database address ahead of time, or deriving another peer's address from their public key and the database name and type. No database is actually created.

const dbAddress = await orbitdb.determineAddress('user.posts', 'eventlog', {
  accessController: {
    write: [
    // This could be someone else's public key
    '042c07044e7ea51a489c02854db5e09f0191690dc59db0afd95328c9db614a2976e088cab7c86d7e48183191258fc59dc699653508ce25bf0369d67f33d5d77839'
  ]}
})

orbitdb.open(address, [options])

Opens an OrbitDB database.

Returns a Promise that resolves to a database instance. address (string) should be a valid OrbitDB address. If a database name is provided instead, it will check options.create to determine if it should create the database. options is an object with any of the following properties:

  • localOnly (boolean): If set to true, will throw an error if the database can't be found locally. (Default: false)
  • directory (string): The directory where data will be stored (Default: uses directory option passed to OrbitDB constructor or ./orbitdb if none was provided).
  • create (boolean): Whether or not to create the database if a valid OrbitDB address is not provided. (Default: false)
  • type (string): A supported database type (i.e. eventlog or an added custom type). Required if create is set to true. Otherwise it's used to validate the manifest.
  • overwrite (boolean): Overwrite an existing database (Default: false)
  • replicate (boolean): Replicate the database with peers, requires IPFS PubSub. (Default: true)
const db = await orbitdb.open('/orbitdb/Qmd8TmZrWASypEp4Er9tgWP4kCNQnW4ncSnvjvyHQ3EVSU/first-database')

Convenience methods are available when opening/creating any of the default OrbitDB database types: feed, docs, log, keyvalue, counter

You can use: orbitdb.feed(address, options)

Instead of: orbitdb.open(address, { type: 'feed', ...options })

orbitdb.disconnect()

Close databases, connections, pubsub and reset orbitdb state.

Returns a Promise that resolves once complete.

await orbitdb.disconnect()

orbitdb.stop()

Alias for orbitdb.disconnect()

await orbitdb.stop()

orbitdb.keyvalue(name|address)

Creates and opens a keyvalue database

Returns a Promise that resolves to a KeyValueStore instance.

const db = await orbitdb.keyvalue('application.settings')
// Or:
const db = await orbitdb.keyvalue(anotherkvdb.address)

Module: orbit-db-kvstore

See the Store section for details of common methods and properties.

put(key, value)

Returns a Promise that resolves to a String that is the multihash of the entry.

await db.put('hello', { name: 'World' })

set(key, value)

Alias for .put()

await db.set('hello', { name: 'Friend' })

get(key)

Returns an Object with the contents of the entry.

const value = db.get('hello')
// { name: 'Friend' }

del(key)

Deletes the Object associated with key. Returns a Promise that resolves to a String that is the multihash of the deleted entry.

const hash = await db.del('hello')
// QmbYHhnXEdmdfUDzZKeEg7HyG2f8veaF2wBrYFcSHJ3mvd

orbitdb.kvstore(name|address)

Alias for orbitdb.keyvalue()

orbitdb.log(name|address)

Creates and opens an eventlog database

Returns a Promise that resolves to a EventStore instance.

const db = await orbitdb.eventlog('site.visitors')
// Or:
const db = await orbitdb.eventlog(anotherlogdb.address)

Module: orbit-db-eventstore

See the Store section for details of common methods and properties.

add(event)

Returns a Promise that resolves to the multihash of the entry as a String.

const hash = await db.add({ name: 'User1' })

get(hash)

Returns an Object with the contents of the entry.

const event = db.get(hash)
  .map((e) => e.payload.value)
// { name: 'User1' }

iterator([options])

Returns an Array of Objects based on the options.

options : It is an object which supports the following properties

gt - (string) Greater than, takes an item's hash.

gte - (string) Greater than or equal to, takes an item's hash.

lt - (string) Less than, takes an item's hash.

lte - (string) Less than or equal to, takes an item's hash value.

limit - (integer) Limiting the entries of result, defaults to 1, and -1 means all items (no limit).

reverse - (boolean) If set to true will result in reversing the result.

If hash not found when passing gt, gte, lt, or lte, the iterator will return all items (respecting limit and reverse).

const all = db.iterator({ limit: -1 })
  .collect()
  .map((e) => e.payload.value)
// [{ name: 'User1' }]

orbitdb.eventlog(name|address)

Alias for orbitdb.log()

orbitdb.feed(name|address)

Creates and opens a feed database

Returns a Promise that resolves to a FeedStore instance.

const db = await orbitdb.feed('orbit-db.issues')
// Or:
const db = await orbitdb.feed(anotherfeeddb.address)

Module: orbit-db-feedstore

See the Store section for details of common methods and properties.

add(data)

Returns a Promise that resolves to the multihash of the entry as a String.

const hash = await db.add({ name: 'User1' })

get(hash)

Returns an Object with the contents of the entry.

const event = db.get(hash)
  .map((e) => e.payload.value)
// { name: 'User1' }

remove(hash)

Returns a Promise that resolves to the multihash of the entry as a String.

const hash = await db.remove(hash)

iterator([options])

Returns an Array of Objects based on the options.

options : It is an object which supports the following properties

gt - (string) Greater than, takes an item's hash.

gte - (string) Greater than or equal to, takes an item's hash.

lt - (string) Less than, takes an item's hash.

lte - (string) Less than or equal to, takes an item's hash.

limit - (integer) Limiting the entries of result, defaults to 1, and -1 means all items (no limit).

reverse - (boolean) If set to true will result in reversing the result.

If hash not found when passing gt, gte, lt, or lte, the iterator will return all items (respecting limit and reverse).

const all = db.iterator({ limit: -1 })
  .collect()
  .map((e) => e.payload.value)
// [{ name: 'User1' }]

orbitdb.docs(name|address, options)

Creates and opens a docstore database

Returns a Promise that resolves to a DocumentStore instance.

const db = await orbitdb.docs('orbit.users.shamb0t.profile')
// Or:
const db = await orbitdb.docs(anotherdocdb.address)

By default, documents are indexed by field _id. You can also specify the field to index by:

const db = await orbitdb.docs('orbit.users.shamb0t.profile', { indexBy: 'name' })

Module: orbit-db-docstore

See the Store section for details of common methods and properties.

put(doc)

Returns a Promise that resolves to the multihash of the entry as a String.

const hash = await db.put({ _id: 'QmAwesomeIpfsHash', name: 'shamb0t', followers: 500 })

get(key)

Returns an Array with a single Object if key exists.

const profile = db.get('shamb0t')
// [{ _id: 'shamb0t', name: 'shamb0t', followers: 500 }]
// to get all the records
const profile = db.get('');
// returns all the records
// [{ _id: 'shamb0t', name: 'shamb0t', followers: 500 }]

query(mapper)

Returns an Array of Objects based on the mapper.

const all = db.query((doc) => doc.followers >= 500)
// [{ _id: 'shamb0t', name: 'shamb0t', followers: 500 }]

del(key)

Returns a Promise that resolves to the multihash of the entry as a String.

const hash = await db.del('shamb0t')

orbitdb.docstore(name|address, options)

Alias for orbitdb.docs()

orbitdb.counter(name|address)

Creates and opens a counter database

Returns a Promise that resolves to a CounterStore instance.

const counter = await orbitdb.counter('song_123.play_count')
// Or:
const counter = await orbitdb.counter(anothercounterdb.address)

Module: orbit-db-counterstore.

See the Store section for details of common methods and properties.

value

Returns a Number.

counter.value // 0

inc([value])

Returns a Promise that resolves to the multihash of the entry as a String.

await counter.inc()
counter.value // 1
await counter.inc(7)
counter.value // 8
await counter.inc(-2)
counter.value // 8

Static Properties

OrbitDB.databaseTypes

Returns supported database types (i.e. store types) as an Array of Strings

OrbitDB.databaseTypes
// [ 'counter', 'eventlog', 'feed', 'docstore', 'keyvalue']

Static Methods

OrbitDB.createInstance(ipfs)

Returns a Promise that resolved to an instance of OrbitDB.

const orbitdb = await OrbitDB.createInstance(ipfs)

OrbitDB.isValidType(type)

Returns true if the provided String is a supported database type

OrbitDB.isValidType('docstore')
// true

OrbitDB.addDatabaseType(type, store)

Adds a custom database type & store to OrbitDB

const CustomStore = require('./CustomStore')
OrbitDB.addDatabaseType(CustomStore.type, CustomStore)

OrbitDB.getDatabaseTypes()

Returns an Object mapping database types to Store Classes

OrbitDB.getDatabaseTypes()
// { counter: [Function: CounterStore],
//  eventlog: [Function: EventStore],
//  feed: [Function: FeedStore],
//  docstore: [Function: DocumentStore],
//  keyvalue: [Function: KeyValueStore] }

OrbitDB.isValidAddress(address)

Returns true if the provided String is a valid OrbitDB address

OrbitDB.isValidAddress('/orbitdb/Qmdgwt7w4uBsw8LXduzCd18zfGXeTmBsiR8edQ1hSfzcJC/first-database')
// true

OrbitDB.parseAddress(address)

Returns an instance of OrbitDBAddress if the provided String is a valid orbitdb address

OrbitDB.parseAddress('/orbitdb/Qmdgwt7w4uBsw8LXduzCd18zfGXeTmBsiR8edQ1hSfzcJC/first-database')
// OrbitDBAddress {
//  root: 'Qmdgwt7w4uBsw8LXduzCd18zfGXeTmBsiR8edQ1hSfzcJC',
//  path: 'first-database' }

Store API

Every database (store) has the following methods available in addition to their specific methods.

store.load([amount])

Load the locally persisted database state to memory. Use the optional amount argument to limit the number of entries loaded into memory, starting from the head(s) (Default: -1 will load all entries)

Returns a Promise that resolves once complete

With events:

db.events.on('ready', () => {
  /* database is now ready to be queried */
})
db.load()

Async:

await db.load()
/* database is now ready to be queried */

store.close()

Close the database. Returns a Promise that resolves once complete

Async:

await db.close()

store.drop()

Remove the database locally. This does not delete any data from peers.

Returns a Promise that resolves once complete

await db.drop()

store.identity

Returns an instance of Identity. The identity is used to sign the database entries. See the GUIDE for more information on how OrbitDB uses identity.

const identity = db.identity
console.log(identity.toJSON())
{ id: 'QmZyYjpG6SMJJx2rbye8HXNMufGRtpn9yFkdd27uuq6xrR',
  publicKey: '0446829cbd926ad8e858acdf1988b8d586214a1ca9fa8c7932af1d59f7334d41aa2ec2342ea402e4f3c0195308a4815bea326750de0a63470e711c534932b3131c',
  signatures:
   { id: '3045022058bbb2aa415623085124b32b254b8668d95370261ade8718765a8086644fc8ae022100c736b45c6b2ef60c921848027f51020a70ee50afa20bc9853877e994e6121c15',
     publicKey: '3046022100d138ccc0fbd48bd41e74e40ddf05c1fa6ff903a83b2577ef7d6387a33992ea4b022100ca39e8d8aef43ac0c6ec05c1b95b41fce07630b5dc61587a32d90dc8e4cf9766'
   },
  type: 'orbitdb'
}

The public key can be retrieved with:

console.log(db.identity.publicKey)
// 0446829cbd926ad8e858acdf1988b8d586214a1ca9fa8c7932af1d59f7334d41aa2ec2342ea402e4f3c0195308a4815bea326750de0a63470e711c534932b3131c

The key can also be accessed from the OrbitDB instance: orbitdb.identity.publicKey.

store.type

Returns the type of the database as a String.

Store Events

Each database in orbit-db contains an events (EventEmitter) object that emits events that describe what's happening in the database. Events can be listened to with:

db.events.on(name, callback)

replicated

db.events.on('replicated', (address) => ... )

Emitted when the database has synced with another peer. This is usually a good place to re-query the database for updated results, eg. if a value of a key was changed or if there are new events in an event log.

replicate

db.events.on('replicate', (address) => ... )

Emitted before replicating a part of the database with a peer.

replicate.progress

db.events.on('replicate.progress', (address, hash, entry, progress, have) => ... )

Emitted while replicating a database. address is id of the database that emitted the event. hash is the multihash of the entry that was just loaded. entry is the database operation entry. progress is the current progress. have is a map of database pieces we have.

load

db.events.on('load', (dbname) => ... )

Emitted before loading the database.

load.progress

db.events.on('load.progress', (address, hash, entry, progress, total) => ... )

Emitted while loading the local database, once for each entry. dbname is the name of the database that emitted the event. hash is the multihash of the entry that was just loaded. entry is the database operation entry. progress is a sequential number starting from 0 upon calling load().

ready

db.events.on('ready', (dbname, heads) => ... )

Emitted after fully loading the local database.

write

db.events.on('write', (dbname, hash, entry) => ... )

Emitted after an entry was added locally to the database. hash is the IPFS hash of the latest state of the database. entry is the added database op.

closed

Emitted once the database has finished closing.

db.events.on('closed', (dbname) => ... )
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