WabbitMQ is a simple Clojure wrapper for RabbitMQ's Java client library (v2.2.0)
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WabbitMQ is a Clojure messaging library for use with RabbitMQ. It wraps RabbitMQ's Java AMQP client library (v2.2.0).


First add the following to your project.clj:

[com.mefesto/wabbitmq "0.1.5"]

Next, let's setup a binding between a test exchange and queue. You could do the binding within your producer/consumer code but I like to separate this out so the producer/consumers only need to be concerned with their respective exchanges or queues and not how they are bound. For example, you can start out with a direct exchange and later change to a topic with routing-key pattern matching without impacting the consumers.

(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq)

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
    (exchange-declare "test.exchange" "direct")
    (queue-declare "test.queue")
    (queue-bind "test.queue" "test.exchange" "test")))

Now let's implement a simple producer for our test exchange:

(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq)

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
    (with-exchange "test.exchange"
      (publish "test" (.getBytes "Hello world!"))))) ; test is the routing-key

And here is a simple consumer:

(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq)

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
    (with-queue "test.queue"
      (doseq [msg (consuming-seq true)] ; consumes messages with auto-acknowledge enabled
        (println "received:" (String. (:body msg)))))))

WabbitMQ depends on RabbitMQ's Java client which passes messages around as a byte-array. It would be more convenient to pass messages around as strings or objects and let the library handle the conversion. So, WabbitMQ allows you to provide different content-type handlers for altering the message body. Below is an example:

;; example producer
(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq

(def supported-content-types

(def props {:content-type "application/json"})

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
  (with-channel {:content-types supported-content-types}
    (with-exchange "test.exchange"
      (publish "test" props {:fname "Allen" :lname "Johnson"}))))

;; example consumer
(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
  (with-channel {:content-types [application-json]}
    (with-queue "test.queue"
      (doseq [{body :body} (consuming-seq true)]
        (println (str "received: firstname=" (:fname body) ", lastname=" (:lname body)))))))

A content-type handler is a vector of three functions:

  1. A test to determine if this handler supports the given content-type.
  2. An encoding function that takes the message and converts it to a byte-array.
  3. A decoding function that takes a byte-array and converts it to some data type.

Provided are basic implementations for text/plain, application/json and application/clojure. Take a look at src/com/mefesto/wabbitmq/content_type.clj for more information about content-type handlers.

You should use a separate channel per thread. Here is an example of a consumer using multiple threads to process messages:

;; producer
(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
  (with-channel {:content-types [text-plain]}
    (with-exchange "test.exchange"
      (dotimes [_ 10]
        (publish "test" {:content-type "text/plain"} "Hello, world!")))))

;; consumer
(use 'com.mefesto.wabbitmq

(def num-consumers 5)

(defn consumer []
  (with-channel {:content-types [text-plain]}
    (with-queue "test.queue"
      (doseq [{body :body} (consuming-seq true)]
        (println (str (Thread/currentThread) " received: " body))))))

(with-broker {:host "localhost" :username "guest" :password "guest"}
  (invoke-consumers num-consumers consumer))

Broker configuration options

For use with the with-broker macro:

  • :host (default: localhost)
  • :port (default: -1)
  • :virtual-host (default: /)
  • :username (default: guest)
  • :password (default: guest)
  • :requested-channel-max (default: com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory/DEFAULT_CHANNEL_MAX)
  • :requested-frame-max (default: com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory/DEFAULT_FRAME_MAX)
  • :requested-heartbeat (default: com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory/DEFAULT_HEARTBEAT)
  • :addresses Vector of com.rabbitmq.client.Address (default: nil)

Channel configuration options

For use with the with-channel macro:

  • :num Request a specific channel number (default: nil)
  • :content-types List of content-type handlers (default: nil)
  • :default-consumer Instance of com.rabbitmq.client.Consumer (default: nil)
  • :confirm-listener Instance of com.rabbitmq.client.ConfirmListenr (default: nil)
  • :flow-listener Instance of com.rabbitmq.client.FlowListener (default: nil)
  • :return-listener Instance of com.rabbitmq.client.ReturnListener (default: nil)

Exchange configuration options

For use with the with-exchange macro:

  • :name Exchange name (default: "")
  • :type Exchange type (default: "direct")
  • :passive? Declare the exchange passively (default: false)
  • :durable? Exchange should be durable (default: false)
  • :auto-delete? (default: false)
  • :args instance of java.util.Map<String, Object> (default: nil)

Queue configuration options

For use with the with-queue macro:

  • :name Queue name (default: nil)
  • :passive? Declare the queue passively (default: false)
  • :durable? Queue should be durable (default: false)
  • :exclusive? (default: false)
  • :auto-delete? (default: false)
  • :args instance of java.util.Map<String, Object> (default: nil)

Message properties

This is a Clojure map of the following properties. This map is converted to an instance of com.rabbitmq.client.AMQP$BasicProperties:

  • :app-id String
  • :class-id int
  • :class-name String
  • :cluster-id String
  • :content-encoding String
  • :content-type String - This value is required by content-type handlers (nil for byte-array messages)
  • :correlation-id String
  • :delivery-mode Integer - Use value 2 for persistent messages
  • :expiration String
  • :headers java.util.Map<String, Object>
  • :message-id String
  • :priority Integer
  • :reply-to String
  • :timestamp java.util.Date
  • :type String
  • :user-id String

Consuming messages with consuming-seq

consuming-seq pulls messages from the currently bound queue using the com.rabbitmq.client.QueueingConsumer. The full function signature is (consuming-seq auto-ack? timeout) with overridden versions with the following defaults:

  • auto-ack? boolean indicating if messages are auto-acknowledged (default: false)
  • timeout Block for the given timeout in milliseconds. A value of zero blocks indefinitely. (default: 0)


In order to run tests you'll need RabbitMQ locally installed. The tests will try to connect with the following configuration:

{:host "localhost"
 :username "guest"
 :password "guest"
 :virtual-host "/test"}

You'll probably have to create the /test vhost:

$ sudo rabbitmqctl add_vhost /test
$ sudo rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p /test guest . . .


  • Documentation, especially in the source code.
  • Better tests
  • Better handling of multiple channels (threads)
  • Better error handling
  • Bug fixes, enhancements as they are identified


Copyright (C) 2010 Allen Johnson

Distributed under the Eclipse Public License, the same as Clojure. See the file COPYING.