ORY Hydra offers OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect Core 1.0 capabilities as a service and is built on top of the security-first OAuth2 and OpenID Connect SDK ORY Fosite and the access control SDK ORY Ladon. ORY Hydra is different, because it works with any existing authentication infrastructure, not just LDAP or SAML. By implementing a consent app (works with any programming language) you build a bridge between ORY Hydra and your authentication infrastructure.
ORY Hydra is able to securely manage JSON Web Keys, and has a sophisticated policy-based access control you can use if you want to.
ORY Hydra is suitable for green- (new) and brownfield (existing) projects. If you are not familiar with OAuth 2.0 and are working on a greenfield project, we recommend evaluating if OAuth 2.0 really serves your purpose. Knowledge of OAuth 2.0 is imperative in understanding what ORY Hydra does and how it works.
Table of Contents
- What is ORY Hydra?
- Sponsors & Adopters
- ORY Hydra for Enterprise
- Libraries and third-party projects
- Blog posts & articles
What is ORY Hydra?
ORY Hydra is a server implementation of the OAuth 2.0 authorization framework and the OpenID Connect Core 1.0. Existing OAuth2 implementations usually ship as libraries or SDKs such as node-oauth2-server or fosite, or as fully featured identity solutions with user management and user interfaces, such as Dex.
Implementing and using OAuth2 without understanding the whole specification is challenging and prone to errors, even when SDKs are being used. The primary goal of ORY Hydra is to make OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect 1.0 better accessible.
ORY Hydra implements the flows described in OAuth2 and OpenID Connect 1.0 without forcing you to use a "Hydra User Management" or some template engine or a predefined front-end. Instead it relies on HTTP redirection and cryptographic methods to verify user consent allowing you to use ORY Hydra with any authentication endpoint, be it authboss, auth0.com or your proprietary PHP authentication.
ORY Hydra implements open standards
ORY Hydra implements Open Standards set by the IETF:
- The OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework
- OAuth 2.0 Threat Model and Security Considerations
- OAuth 2.0 Token Revocation
- OAuth 2.0 Token Introspection
- OAuth 2.0 Dynamic Client Registration Protocol
- OAuth 2.0 Dynamic Client Registration Management Protocol
- OAuth 2.0 for Native Apps
and the OpenID Foundation:
Sponsors & Adopters
This is a cureated list of Hydra sponsors and adopters. If you want to be on this list, contact us.
We are proud to have Auth0 as a gold sponsor for ORY Hydra. Auth0 solves the most complex identity use cases with an extensible and easy to integrate platform that secures billions of logins every year. At ORY, we use Auth0 in conjunction with ORY Hydra for various internal projects.
ORY Hydra is battle-tested in production systems. This is a curated list of ORY Hydra adopters.
Arduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for anyone making interactive projects. ORY Hydra secures Arduino's developer platform.
ORY Hydra for Enterprise
ORY Hydra is available as an Apache 2.0-licensed Open Source technology. In enterprise environments however, there are numerous demands, such as
- OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect consulting.
- security auditing and certification.
- auditable log trails.
- guaranteed performance metrics, such as throughput per second.
- management user interfaces.
- ... and a wide range of narrow use cases specific to each business demands.
Gain access to more features and our security experts with ORY Hydra for Enterprise! Request details now!
This section is a quickstart guide to working with ORY Hydra. In-depth docs are available as well:
5 minutes tutorial: Run your very own OAuth2 environment
There are various ways of installing ORY Hydra on your system.
The client and server binaries are downloadable at releases.
There is currently no installer available. You have to add the ORY Hydra binary to the PATH environment variable yourself or put
the binary in a location that is already in your path (
If you do not understand what that all of this means, ask in our chat channel. We are happy to help.
Starting the host is easiest with docker. The host process handles HTTP requests and is backed by a database. Read how to install docker on Linux, OSX or Windows. ORY Hydra is available on Docker Hub.
You can use ORY Hydra without a database, but be aware that restarting, scaling or stopping the container will lose all data:
$ docker run -d --name my-hydra -p 4444:4444 oryd/hydra ec91228cb105db315553499c81918258f52cee9636ea2a4821bdb8226872f54b
Note: We had to create a new docker hub repository. Tags prior to 0.7.5 are available here.
Using the client command line interface: You can ssh into the ORY Hydra container and execute the ORY Hydra command from there:
$ docker exec -i -t <hydra-container-id> /bin/bash # e.g. docker exec -i -t ec91228 /bin/bash root@ec91228cb105:/go/src/github.com/ory/hydra# hydra Hydra is a twelve factor OAuth2 and OpenID Connect provider [...]
Building from source
If you wish to compile ORY Hydra yourself, you need to install and set up Go 1.8+ and add
$PATH. To do so, run the following commands in a shell (bash, sh, cmd.exe, ...):
go get github.com/ory/hydra go get github.com/Masterminds/glide cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/ory/hydra glide install go install github.com/ory/hydra hydra
Note: We changed organization name from
ory. In order to keep backwards compatibility, we did not
rename Go packages.
Why should I use ORY Hydra? It's not that hard to implement two OAuth2 endpoints and there are numerous SDKs out there!
OAuth2 and OAuth2 related specifications are over 400 written pages. Implementing OAuth2 is easy, getting it right is hard. ORY Hydra is trusted by companies all around the world, has a vibrant community and faces millions of requests in production each day. Of course, we also compiled a security guide with more details on cryptography and security concepts. Read the security guide now.
The Guide is available on GitBook.
HTTP API documentation
The HTTP API is documented at Apiary.
Command line documentation
hydra -h or
Developing with ORY Hydra is as easy as:
go get github.com/ory/hydra go get github.com/Masterminds/glide cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/ory/hydra glide install go test $(glide novendor)
Then run it with in-memory database:
DATABASE_URL=memory go run main.go host
Hydra has received a lot of positive feedback. Let's see what the community is saying:
Nice! Lowering barriers to the use of technologies like these is important.
OAuth is a framework not a protocol. The security it provides can vary greatly between implementations. Fosite (which is what this is based on) is a very good implementation from a security perspective: https://github.com/ory/fosite#a-word-on-security
[...] Thanks for releasing this by the way, looks really well engineered. [...]
Libraries and third-party projects
- Consent App SDK For NodeJS
- Consent App Example written in Go
- Exemplary Consent App with Express and NodeJS
Blog posts & articles
- Creating an oauth2 custom lamda authorizer for use with Amazons (AWS) API Gateway using Hydra
- Warning, ORY Hydra has changed almost everything since writing this article: Hydra: Run your own Identity and Access Management service in <5 Minutes