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Sanity LINQ

A strongly-typed .Net Client for Sanity CMS with support for LINQ queries, mutations, transactions, joins, projections and more...

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Sanity CMS is a headless CMS available at with a powerful query API, file store and CDN.

Sanity LINQ was intially developed at Oslofjord Convention Center to facilitate development of .Net projects based on Sanity CMS.

Inspiration was drawn from the .Net client provided by onyboy at

The Sanity LINQ client goes beyond providing a simple HTTP client and introduces strongly typed queries, projections, mutations and joins - much in the same way as Entity Framework provides this for SQL.


Sanity.Linq is available as a NuGet package.

Install using Package Manager:

PM> Install-Package Sanity.Linq

Install using .Net CLI:

> dotnet add package Sanity.Linq

Getting Started

To get started, simply instaniate a new SanityDataContext:

var options = new SanityOptions
            ProjectId = "#your-project-id#",
            Dataset = "#your-dataset#",
            Token = "#your-token#",
            UseCdn = false

var sanity = new SanityDataContext(options);

1. Basic Queries

Start by defining entity classes which match documents in Sanity.

Alternative 1:

POCO Entity with zero dependencies on Sanity Linq.

// Example
public class Category
    // Use of JsonProperty to serialize to Sanity _id field.
    public string CategoryId { get; set; }

    // Type field is also required
    public string DocumentType => "category";

    public string Title { get; set; }

    public string Description { get; set; }

Alternative 2:

Create a class which inherits SanityDocument.

// Example
public class Author : SanityDocument
    public Author() : base() { }

    public string Name { get; set; }

    // etc...

public class Post : SanityDocument
    public string Title { get; set; }

    public DateTimeOffset? PublishedAt { get; set; }

    // etc...

Next, simply run Linq queries against the SanityDataContext:

var posts = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>();

var totalNumberOfPosts = await posts.CountAsync();
var publishedToday = await posts.Where(p => p.PublishedAt > DateTime.Today).ToListAsync();

The LINQ queries above are respectively translated to a Sanity GROQ query by Sanity Linq:

// Total number of posts:
count(*[_type == "post"])

// Published today:
*[(_type == "post") && ((publishedAt >= "2018-10-06T00:00:00.0000000+02:00"))]

2. Projections

LINQ selections are also supported by Sanity Linq:

// Returns a list of strings ordered by publish date
var postTitles = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>()
                       .OrderByDescending(p => p.PublishedAt)
                       .Select(p => p.Title)

3. Mutations

Mutations such as insert, update and delete can be performed on single documents or on multiple objects using a query!

Insert document:

var author = new Author
    Id = Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
    Name = "Joe Bloggs",

await sanity.DocumentSet<Author>().Create(author).CommitAsync();

Update document:

var authors = sanity.DocumentSet<Author>();

var author = await authors.GetAsync("some-guid");
author.Name = "William Bloggs";

await authors.Update(author).CommitAsync();

Delete document:

var authors = sanity.DocumentSet<Author>();

// Delete by id
await authors.DeleteById("some-guid").CommitAsync();

Delete multiple documents by query:

var posts = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>();

// Delete by query
await posts.Where(p => p.Title.Contains("boring")).Delete().CommitAsync();

// Same as above:
await posts.DeleteByQuery(p => p.Title.Contains("boring")).CommitAsync();

Patch document by id:

var posts = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>();

// Patch title by id
posts.PatchById("some-guid", p => p.Set = new { Title = "New Title" }).CommitAsync();

Patch document by query:

var posts = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>();

// Patch title by query
posts.Where(p => p.Title == "").Patch(p => p.Set = new { Title = "Untitled" }).CommitAsync();

// Same as above:
posts.PatchByQuery(p => p.Title == "", p => p.Set = new { Title = "Untitled" }).CommitAsync();

4. Transactions - Bulk Mutations

The SanityDataContext keeps track of pending mutations, independent of type. To apply multiple mutations in a single transaction, simply wait with calling CommitAsync() until all mutations have been applied.

The fluent API also allows mutations to be chained.

var posts = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>();
var authors = sanity.DocumentSet<Author>();

// Delete and patch posts
posts.DeleteByQuery(p => p.Title == "")
     .PatchByQuery(p => p, p.LastUpdated = DateTime.Now)

// Add authors
authors.Create(new Author() { ... });

// Commit all changes 
await sanity.CommitAsync();

5. Joins

The Sanity Linq library includes a helper class SanityReference which models the structure of relations in Sanity:

// Example: Post related to Author and a list of Categories
public class Post : SanityDocument
    public string Title { get; set; }

    public SanityReference<Author> Author { get; set; }

    public SanityImage MainImage { get; set; }

    public List<SanityReference<Category>> Categories { get; set; }

Related documents can be included in query results in several ways.

  1. Relations are automatically followed by referencing .Value in projections:

    sanity.DocumentSet<Post>().Select(p => new { p.Title, p.Author.Value.Name });
  2. The [Include] attribute can be placed above the property if it should always be included:

    public SanityReference<Author> Author { get; set; }
    public SanityImage MainImage { get; set; }
    public List<SanityReference<Category>> Categories { get; set; }

Note that [Include] not only works on SanityReference, but also lists of references and SanityImage.

  1. References can also be selectively joined, using the Include() extension method when querying:
    await sanity.DocumentSet<Post>().Include(p => p.Author).ToListAsync();

6. Files and Images

The SanityDataContext has two predefined document sets for Files and Images. These document sets can be used to manages Sanity assets:

Retrieving Files and Images

// Get all files and images:
var files = await sanity.Files.ToListAsync(); 
var images = await sanity.Images.ToListAsync();    

Uploading and Linking Assets

The Filesand Images document sets also support uploading new assets, both using a Streamor by simply providing a source URL.

// Example: upload image and link to new document

// Upload new image
var imageUri = new Uri("");
var image = (await sanity.Images.UploadAsync(imageUri)).Document;

// Link image to new author
var author = new Author()
   Name = "Joe Bloggs",
   Image = new SanityImage
       Asset = new SanityReference<SanityImageAsset> { Ref = image.Id },            

await sanity.DocumentSet<Author>().Create(author).CommitAsync();


7. Debugging

In order to see the raw GROQ query for a particular LINQ query, simply call GetSanityQuery().

var groq = sanity.DocumentSet<Post>().Where(p => p.PublishedAt >= DateTime.Today).GetSanityQuery();

GROQ queries can be tested directly in the Sanity UI using the Vision plugin:

8. Raw Client

The SanityClient class can be used for making "raw" GROQ requests to Sanity:

var client = new SanityClient(options);
await result = await client.FetchAsync("*[_type == "post"]");

9. Rendering Block Content

When you use the block editor in Sanity, it produces a structured array structure that you can use to render the content on any platform you might want. We have provided a class which can help you serialize your content to HTML, or potentially other formats using custom serializers. The SanityHTmlBuilder class has several inbuilt serializers, and new serializers can be added for custom Sanity types.

SanityHtmlBuilder can be accessed in several different ways:

// Create a stand-alone instance:
var builder = new SanityHtmlBuilder(Options);
var html = await builder.BuildAsync(myBlockContent); //Block content can be a string, JObject or POCO

// Access via existing SanityContext:
var sanity = new SanityDataContext(Options);
var post = await sanity.DocumentSet<Post>().FirstOrDefault();
var result = await sanity.HtmlBuilder.BuildAsync(post.Body);

// Use extension method directly on document (using Sanity.Linq.Extensions)
var sanity = new SanityDataContext(Options);
var post = await sanity.DocumentSet<Post>().FirstOrDefault();
var result = await post.Body.ToHtmlAsync(sanity);

You can also add your custom serializers to the SanityHtmlBuilder

sanity.HtmlBuilder.AddSerializer("myType", MySerializerFn);
// or
sanity.AddHtmlSerializer("myType", MySerializerFn);
// or 
builder.AddSerializer("myType", MySerializerFn);

The HTML builder supports serializing BlockContent arrays as well as single fields (such as an image field):

//This will check if the "_type" of the Body field has a serializer in the HtmlBuilder.Serializers dictionary and use it to return html.
var html = await htmlBuilder.BuildAsync(post.Body);
//strongly typed object
var html = await post.Body.ToHtmlAsync(sanity); // the whole content
var imageTag = await post.MainImage.ToHtmlAsync(sanity); // just a single block


Feel free to submit pull-requests to the Sanity LINQ project!


The Sanity LINQ is available under the MIT Licence