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OSMAN MOHAMMED edited this page Apr 18, 2021 · 25 revisions

In this project, a student will be designing and implementing a Java hotel reservation application. The hotel reservation application will allow customers to find and book a hotel room based on room availability. This project will demonstrate student's abilities to design classes using OOP, organize and process data with collections, and use common Java types. *

Main Components of the App

The major components of the Hotel Reservation Application will consist of the following:

  1. CLI for the User Interface. We'll use the Command Line Interface (or CLI for the user interface. For this, we'll need to have Java monitor the CLI for user input, so the user can enter commands to search for available rooms, book rooms, and so on.
  2. Java code. The second main component is the Java code itself—this is where we add our business logic for the app.
  3. Java collections. Finally, we'll use Java collections for in-memory storage of the data we need for the app, such as the users' names, room availability, and so on.

Let's talk about the structure or architecture of the application. The app will be separated into the following layers:

  1. User interface (UI), including a main menu for the users who want to book a room, and an admin menu for administrative functions.
  2. Resources will act as our Application Programming Interface (API) to our UI.
  3. Serviceswill communicate with our resources, and each other, to build the business logic necessary to provide feedback to our UI.
  4. Data models will be used to represent the domain that we're using within the system (e.g., rooms, reservations, and customers).


An important thing to notice about this architecture is how we use layers to support modularization and decoupling. For example, If we later decided to change our UI components to a webpage instead of a command-line interface, layering would support this.

Layering is achieved by ensuring there are no cross-communication calls from one layer to another.

For example, a UI component should never communicate directly with a service. This would expose the service implementation to the UI and make it difficult for us to change it out later.




The verbiage in this page is taken from Udacity's java programming nanodegree program under "Fair Use" doctrine and is only for the purpose such as criticism, comment & teaching.