django-moderation is reusable application for Django framework, that allows to moderate any model objects.
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django-moderation is reusable application for Django framework, that allows to moderate any model objects.

Possible use cases:

  • User creates his profile, profile is not visible on site. It will be visible on site when moderator approves it.
  • User change his profile, old profile data is visible on site. New data will be visible on site when moderator approves it.


  • configurable admin integration(data changed in admin can be visible on site when moderator approves it)
  • moderation queue in admin
  • html differences of changes between versions of objects
  • configurable email notifications
  • custom model form that allows to edit changed data of object
  • auto approve/reject for selected user groups or user types
  • support for ImageField model fields on moderate object page
  • 100% PEP8 correct code
  • test coverage > 80%

Known issues

  • m2m relations in models are not currently supported

Road map

For road map and issues list look at:


Special thanks to all persons that contributed to this project.

Thank you for all ideas, bug fixes, patches.



python >= 2.4

django >= 1.2


Use easy_install:

$> easy_install django-moderation

Or download source code from and run installation script:

$> python install


  1. Add to your INSTALLED_APPS in your


  2. Run command syncdb

  3. Register Models with moderation, put these models in module in side of your app, ex myapp.moderator:

    from moderation import moderation
    from yourapp.models import YourModel
  4. Add function auto_discover in to main

    from moderation.helpers import auto_discover
  5. If you want to enable integration with Django Admin, then register admin class with your Model:

    from django.contrib import admin
    from moderation.admin import ModerationAdmin
    class YourModelAdmin(ModerationAdmin):
        """Admin settings go here.""", YourModelAdmin)

If admin_integration_enabled is enabled then when saving object in admin, data will not be saved in model instance but it will be stored in moderation queue. Also data in the change form will not display data from the original model instance but data from the ModeratedObject instance instead.

How django-moderation works

When you change existing object or create new one, it will not be publicly available until moderator approves it. It will be stored in ModeratedObject model.:

your_model = YourModel(description='test')

Traceback (most recent call last):
DoesNotExist: YourModel matching query does not exist.

When you will approve object, then it will be publicly available.:

                                   reason='Reason for approve')

<YourModel: YourModel object>

You can access changed object by calling changed_object on moderated_object:

your_model.moderated_object.changed_object <YourModel: YourModel object>

This is deserialized version of object that was changed.

Now when you will change an object, old version of it will be available publicly, new version will be saved in moderated_object:

your_model.description = 'New description'

your_model = YourModel.objects.get(pk=1)
{'id': 1, 'description': 'test'}

{'id': 1, 'description': 'New description'}

                                   reason='Reason for approve')

your_model = YourModel.objects.get(pk=1)
{'id': 1, 'description': 'New description'}

Moderation registration options

moderation.register takes following parameters:

Model class that will be registered with moderation

Class that subclasses GenericModerator class. It Encapsulates moderation options for a given model. Example:

from moderation.moderator import GenericModerator

class UserProfileModerator(GenericModerator):
    notify_user = False
    auto_approve_for_superusers = True

moderation.register(UserProfile, UserProfileModerator)

GenericModerator options

By default moderation stores objects pending moderation in the changed_object field in the object's corresponding ModeratedObject instance. If visible_until_rejected is set to True, objects pending moderation will be stored in their original model as usual and the most recently approved version of the object will be stored in changed_object. Default: False
List of manager names on which moderation manager will be enabled. Default: ['objects']
Default manager class that will enabled on model class managers passed in manager_names. This class takes care of filtering out any objects that are not approved yet. Default: ModerationObjectsManager
If you want a performance boost, define visibility field on your model and add option visibility_column = 'your_field' on moderator class. Field must by a BooleanField. The manager that decides which model objects should be excluded when it were rejected, will first use this option to properly display (or hide) objects that are registered with moderation. Use this option if you can define visibility column in your model and want to boost performance. By default when accessing model objects that are under moderation, one extra query is executed per object in query set to determine if object should be excluded from query set. This method benefit those who do not want to add any fields to their Models. Default: None.
Fields to exclude from object change list. Default: []
Auto approve objects changed by superusers. Default: True
Auto approve objects changed by user that are staff. Default: True
List of user group names that will be auto approved. Default: None
Auto reject objects changed by users that are anonymous. Default: True
List of user group names that will be auto rejected. Default: None
When set to True, affected objects will be released from the model moderator's control upon initial approval. This is useful for models in which you want to avoid unnecessary repetition of potentially expensive auto-approve/reject logic upon each object edit. This cannot be used for models in which you would like to approve (auto or manually) each object edit, because changes are not tracked and the moderation logic is not run. If the object needs to be entered back into moderation you can set its status to "Pending" by unapproving it. Default: False
Defines if notification e-mails will be send to moderator. By default when user change object that is under moderation, e-mail notification is send to moderator. It will inform him that object was changed and need to be moderated. Default: True
Defines if notification e-mails will be send to user. When moderator approves or reject object changes then e-mail notification is send to user that changed this object. It will inform user if his changes were accepted or rejected and inform him why it was rejected or approved. Default: True
Subject template that will be used when sending notifications to moderators. Default: moderation/notification_subject_moderator.txt
Message template that will be used when sending notifications to moderator. Default: moderation/notification_message_moderator.txt
Subject template that will be used when sending notifications to users. Default: moderation/notification_subject_user.txt
Message template that will be used when sending notifications to users. Default: moderation/notification_message_user.txt
Notes on auto moderation

If you want to use auto moderation in your views, then you need to save user object that has changed the object in ModeratedObject instance. You can use following helper. Example:


new_profile = UserProfile()

from moderation.helpers import automoderate

automoderate(new_profile, user)
Custom auto moderation

If you want to define your custom logic in auto moderation, you can overwrite methods: is_auto_reject or is_auto_approve of GenericModerator class


class MyModelModerator(GenericModerator):

    def is_auto_reject(self, obj, user):
        # Auto reject spam
        if akismet_spam_check(obj.body):  # Check body of object for spam
            # Body of object is spam, moderate
            return self.reason('My custom reason: SPAM')
        super(MyModelModerator, self).is_auto_reject(obj, user)

moderation.register(MyModel, MyModelModerator)

Default context of notification templates

Default context:

content type object of moderated object
ModeratedObject instance
current Site instance

How to pass extra context to email notification templates

Subclass GenericModerator class and overwrite inform_moderator and inform_user methods.:

class UserProfileModerator(GenericModerator):

    def inform_moderator(self,
        '''Send notification to moderator'''
        super(UserProfileModerator, self).inform_moderator(content_object,

    def inform_user(self, content_object, user, extra_context=None)
        '''Send notification to user when object is approved or rejected'''
        super(CustomModerationNotification, self).inform_user(content_object,

moderation.register(UserProfile, UserProfileModerator)


If you have defined your own save_model method in your ModelAdmin then you must:

# Custom save_model in MyModelAdmin
def save_model(self, request, obj, form, change):
    # Your custom stuff
    from moderation.helpers import automoderate
    automoderate(obj, request.user)

Otherwise what you save in the admin will get moderated and automoderation will not work.


moderation.signals.pre_moderation - signal send before object is approved or rejected

Arguments sent with this signal:

The model class.
Instance of model class that is moderated
Moderation status, 0 - rejected, 1 - approved

moderation.signals.post_moderation - signal send after object is approved or rejected

Arguments sent with this signal:

The model class.
Instance of model class that is moderated
Moderation status, 0 - rejected, 1 - approved


When creating ModelForms for models that are under moderation use BaseModeratedObjectForm class as ModelForm class. Thanks to that form will initialized with data from changed_object.:

from moderation.forms import BaseModeratedObjectForm

class ModeratedObjectForm(BaseModeratedObjectForm):

    class Meta:
        model = MyModel


List of moderators e-mails to which notifications will be send.

How to run django-moderation tests

  1. Download source from

  2. Run: python

  3. Run buildout:


  4. Run tests for Django 1.2, 1.3, 1.4:


Continuous Integration system

Continuous Integration system for django-moderation is available at: