PCI-DSS compliant Debian 7/8 hardening
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Charles Herlin
Charles Herlin Add sudo management in main and utils
    * perform readonly checks as a regular user
    * sudo -n is used for checks requiring root privileges
    * increase accountability by providing log of individual access to sensitive files
Latest commit b41df08 Nov 9, 2017

README.md

CIS Debian 7/8 Hardening

Modular Debian 7/8 security hardening scripts based on cisecurity.org recommendations. We use it at OVH to harden our PCI-DSS infrastructure.

$ bin/hardening.sh --audit-all
[...]
hardening [INFO] Treating /opt/cis-hardening/bin/hardening/13.15_check_duplicate_gid.sh
13.15_check_duplicate_gid [INFO] Working on 13.15_check_duplicate_gid
13.15_check_duplicate_gid [INFO] Checking Configuration
13.15_check_duplicate_gid [INFO] Performing audit
13.15_check_duplicate_gid [ OK ] No duplicate GIDs
13.15_check_duplicate_gid [ OK ] Check Passed
[...]
################### SUMMARY ###################
      Total Available Checks : 191
         Total Runned Checks : 191
         Total Passed Checks : [ 170/191 ]
         Total Failed Checks : [  21/191 ]
   Enabled Checks Percentage : 100.00 %
       Conformity Percentage : 89.01 %

Quickstart

$ git clone https://github.com/ovh/debian-cis.git && cd debian-cis
$ cp debian/default /etc/default/cis-hardening
$ sed -i "s#CIS_ROOT_DIR=.*#CIS_ROOT_DIR='$(pwd)'#" /etc/default/cis-hardening
$ bin/hardening/1.1_install_updates.sh --audit-all
1.1_install_updates [INFO] Working on 1.1_install_updates
1.1_install_updates [INFO] Checking Configuration
1.1_install_updates [INFO] Performing audit
1.1_install_updates [INFO] Checking if apt needs an update
1.1_install_updates [INFO] Fetching upgrades ...
1.1_install_updates [ OK ] No upgrades available
1.1_install_updates [ OK ] Check Passed

Usage

Configuration

Hardening scripts are in bin/hardening. Each script has a corresponding configuration file in etc/conf.d/[script_name].cfg.

Each hardening script can be individually enabled from its configuration file. For example, this is the default configuration file for disable_system_accounts:

# Configuration for script of same name
status=disabled
# Put here your exceptions concerning admin accounts shells separated by spaces
EXCEPTIONS=""

status parameter may take 3 values:

  • disabled (do nothing): The script will not run.
  • audit (RO): The script will check if any change should be applied.
  • enabled (RW): The script will check if any change should be done and automatically apply what it can.

Global configuration is in etc/hardening.cfg. This file controls the log level as well as the backup directory. Whenever a script is instructed to edit a file, it will create a timestamped backup in this directory.

Run aka "Harden your distro"

To run the checks and apply the fixes, run bin/hardening.sh.

This command has 2 main operation modes:

  • --audit: Audit your system with all enabled and audit mode scripts
  • --apply: Audit your system with all enabled and audit mode scripts and apply changes for enabled scripts

Additionally, --audit-all can be used to force running all auditing scripts, including disabled ones. this will not change the system.

--audit-all-enable-passed can be used as a quick way to kickstart your configuration. It will run all scripts in audit mode. If a script passes, it will automatically be enabled for future runs. Do NOT use this option if you have already started to customize your configuration.

--sudo: Audit your system as a normal user, but allow sudo escalation to read specific root read-only files. You need to provide a sudoers file in /etc/sudoers.d/ with NOPASWD option, since checks are executed with sudo -n option, that will not prompt for a password.

Hacking

Getting the source

$ git clone https://github.com/ovh/debian-cis.git

Building a debian Package (the hacky way)

$ debuild -us -uc

Adding a custom hardening script

$ cp src/skel bin/hardening/99.99_custom_script.sh
$ chmod +x bin/hardening/99.99_custom_script.sh
$ cp src/skel.cfg etc/conf.d/99.99_custom_script.cfg

Code your check explaining what it does then if you want to test

$ sed -i "s/status=.+/status=enabled/" etc/conf.d/99.99_custom_script.cfg
$ ./bin/hardening/99.99_custom_script.sh

Disclaimer

This project is a set of tools. They are meant to help the system administrator built a secure environment. While we use it at OVH to harden our PCI-DSS compliant infrastructure, we can not guarantee that it will work for you. It will not magically secure any random host.

Additionally, quoting the License:

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY OVH SAS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL OVH SAS AND CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Reference

License

3-Clause BSD