goup (pronounced Go Up) is an elegant Go version manager.
It is notorious that an operating system's package manager takes time to update Go to the latest version, particularly on Linux distros. At the time of this writing in October 2020, Fedora 32's Go version from dnf is 1.14.9, while the latest Go version is 1.15.2.
There are a bunch of solutions to install Go or manage Go versions outside of a package manager:
golang/dl, getgo, gvm, goenv, to name a few.
All of them either do not work well on all Linux distros (I ran into errors with
goenv on Fedora) or do not provide the developer experience that I like (
golang/dl requires a Go compiler to pre-exist;
getgo can only install the latest Go)
I want a Go version manager that:
- Has a minimum prerequisite to install, e.g., does not need a Go compiler to pre-exist.
- Is installed with a one-liner.
- Runs well on all operating systems (at least runs well on *uix as a start).
- Installs any version of Go (any version from golang.org/dl or tip) and switches to it.
- Does not inject magic into your shell.
- Is written in Go.
curl -sSf https://raw.githubusercontent.com/owenthereal/goup/master/install.sh | sh
Install by skipping the confirmation prompt, e.g., for automation:
curl -sSf https://raw.githubusercontent.com/owenthereal/goup/master/install.sh | sh -s -- '--skip-prompt'
If you want to install manually, there are the steps:
- Download the latest
- Drop the
goupexecutable to your
PATHand make it executable:
mv GOUP_BIN /usr/local/bin/goup && chmod +x /usr/local/bin/goup
- Add the Go bin directory to your shell startup script:
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.go/current/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc
$ goup install Downloaded 0.0% ( 32768 / 121149509 bytes) ... Downloaded 12.4% ( 15007632 / 121149509 bytes) ... Downloaded 30.2% ( 36634352 / 121149509 bytes) ... Downloaded 47.6% ( 57703440 / 121149509 bytes) ... Downloaded 65.9% ( 79855008 / 121149509 bytes) ... Downloaded 84.2% (101972672 / 121149509 bytes) ... Downloaded 100.0% (121149509 / 121149509 bytes) INFO Unpacking /home/owen/.go/go1.15.2/go1.15.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz ... INFO Success: go1.15.2 downloaded in /home/owen/.go/go1.15.2 INFO Default Go is set to 'go1.15.2' $ goup ls go1.15.2 $ go env GOROOT /home/owen/.go/go1.15.2 $ go version go version go1.15.2 linux/amd64 $ goup install tip Cloning into '/home/owen/.go/gotip'... remote: Counting objects: 10041, done remote: Finding sources: 100% (10041/10041) remote: Total 10041 (delta 1347), reused 6538 (delta 1347) Receiving objects: 100% (10041/10041), 23.83 MiB | 3.16 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (1347/1347), done. Updating files: 100% (9212/9212), done. INFO Updating the go development tree... From https://go.googlesource.com/go * branch master -> FETCH_HEAD HEAD is now at 5d13781 cmd/cgo: add more architectures to size maps Building Go cmd/dist using /home/owen/.go/go1.15.2. (go1.15.2 linux/amd64) Building Go toolchain1 using /home/owen/.go/go1.15.2. Building Go bootstrap cmd/go (go_bootstrap) using Go toolchain1. Building Go toolchain2 using go_bootstrap and Go toolchain1. Building Go toolchain3 using go_bootstrap and Go toolchain2. Building packages and commands for linux/amd64. --- Installed Go for linux/amd64 in /home/owen/.go/gotip Installed commands in /home/owen/.go/gotip/bin INFO Default Go is set to 'gotip' $ goup ls gotip $ go env GOROOT /home/owen/.go/gotip $ go version go version devel +5d13781 Thu Oct 8 00:28:09 2020 +0000 linux/amd64 $ GOUP_GO_HOST=golang.google.cn goup install # For Gophers in China, see https://github.com/owenthereal/goup/issues/2
How it works
install.shdownloads the latest Goup release for your platform and appends Goup's bin directory (
$HOME/.go/bin) & Go's bin directory (
$HOME/.go/current/bin) to your PATH environment variable.
goupswitches to selected Go version.
goup setswitches to selected Go version.
goup installdownloads specified version of Go to
$HOME/.go/VERSIONand symlinks it to
goup lslist all installed Go version located at
goup removeremoves the specified Go version.
goup searchlists all available Go versions from https://golang.org/dl.
goup upgradeupgrades goup.