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README.md

Ethereum Android Library

This library enables you to securely interact with every Ethereum based blockchain from within your Android application.

Ethereum Android makes sure that that the whole communication to a node is end to end encrypted.

Check https://github.com/p-acs/ethereum-secure-proxy for the steps to secure your own node.

Initialization

EthereumAndroidFactory ethereumAndroidFactory = new EthereumAndroidFactory(context);
EthereumAndroid ethereumAndroid;
try {
    ethereumAndroid = ethereumAndroidFactory.create();
} catch (EthereumNotInstalledException e) {
    //let the user install Ethereum
    ethereumAndroidFactory.showInstallationDialog();
}

This checks if Ethereum Android is installed and that the installed application is correctly signed. If the check failed, you should give the user the possibility to install Ethereum Android.

RPC API

Ethereum Android supports a subset of the Ethereum RPC API (see https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/JSON-RPC) to let you interact with a connected Ethereum node.

Create the request

WrappedRequest request = new WrappedRequest();

Have a look at the Ethereum RPC API. To check the Balance of an Ethereum Address for example, use https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/JSON-RPC#eth_getbalance

request.setCommand(RpcCommand.eth_getBalance.toString());

And set the appropriate parameters

request.setParameters(new String[]{accountAddress, "latest"});

You can choose if you want to do the call synchronously or asynchronously.

Synchronous call

This does a synchronous call, which you should execute from within a background thread.

WrappedResponse response = ethereumAndroid.send(request);

Check if response.isSuccess() and use response.getErrorMessage() if not.

Asynchronous call

Make sure first that you have set a callback

ethereumAndroid.setCallback(callback);

Send the request and remember the messageId

int messageId = ethereumAndroid.sendAsync(request);

Wait for the response to arrive

callback.handleResponse(messageId, response);

If there was an error the callback object will receive an error instead

callback.handleError(messageId, error);

Handle the response

Object responseObj = response.getResponse();

The type of the responseObj depends on the sent RPC command. For RpcCommand.eth_getBalance the response is a hex encoded quantity, so the response type is a String.

In case the response is a structured Object, the type is a Map.

Hint: if you want to use your own data object you can use the Jackson Objectmapper

  MyResponseData myResponseData = new ObjectMapper().convertValue(response.getResponse(), MyResponseData.class);

Contract API

Ethereum Android offers an API which lets you interact with a smart contract via a plain Java interface. The complexity (RLP encoding, nonce handling) is hidden.

Contracts contracts = ethereumAndroid.contracts();

Reading

Assume a smart contract is deployed which offers a constant function called get returning a stored String value.

This would be the ABI definition

[{"constant":true,"inputs":[],"name":"get","outputs":[{"name":"","type":"string"}],"type":"function"}]

And this would be the corresponding Java interface

interface SimpleStorage {
    String get();
 }

With ABI and the interface you can read the value

SimpleStorage simpleStorage = contracts().bind(contractAddress, CONTRACT_ABI, SimpleStorage.class);
String storedValue = simpleStorage.get();

Writing

Assume a smart contract is deployed which offers a function set taking one String as input.

This would be the ABI definition

[{"constant":false,"inputs":[{"name":"d","type":"string"}],"name":"set","outputs":[],"type":"function"}]

And this would be the corresponding Java interface

interface SimpleStorage {
    PendingTransaction<Void> set(String data);
}

This is a write operation, so an object of type PendingTransaction is returned. Because the function has no outputs, its return value is defined as Void

SimpleStorage simpleStorage = contracts().bind(contractAddress, CONTRACT_ABI, SimpleStorage.class);
PendingTransaction<Void> pendingWrite = simpleStorage.set("a new value");

Every write operation needs to be signed by the user, because its costs the users Ether.

ethereumAndroid.submitTransaction(parentActivity, requestCode, pendingWrite.getUnsignedTransaction());

Check for the result

parentActivity.onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data);

In case resultCode == RESULT_OK the result Intent will contain the transaction hash

 String transaction = data.getStringExtra("transaction");

It the result was not OK the Intent will contain the error message instead

 String error = data.getStringExtra("error");

Errorhandling

The Contract API bundles several RPC API calls at once and involves network connection, so every call can fail.

You should therefore surround every interaction in a try-catch block and check for ResponseNotOKException.

If an exception occurs, do the following:

  • check if the device has internet access
  • check if your app is connected to Ethereum Android with ethereumAndroid.hasServiceConnection

In case the service connection was lost, create a new instance of ethereumAndroid

Release instance

Once you are done using the API, you should close it

ethereumAndroid.release();

Samples

Check our sample application https://github.com/p-acs/ethereum-android-sample

Questions/Feedback

Contact us via our Support Portal https://ethereum-android.com