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A simple Go program for launching Java programs from a fixed configuration. This program replaces Gradle-generated Bash launch scripts which are susceptible to attacks via injection of environment variables of the form JAVA_OPTS='$(rm -rf /)'.

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README.md

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go-java-launcher

A simple Go program for launching processes from a fixed configuration. This program replaces Gradle-generated Bash launch scripts which are susceptible to attacks via injection of environment variables of the form JAVA_OPTS='$(rm -rf /)'.

The launcher accepts as configuration two YAML files as follows:

# StaticLauncherConfig - java version
# REQUIRED - The type of configuration, must be the string "java"
configType: java
# REQUIRED - The version of the configuration format, must be the integer 1
configVersion: 1
# REQUIRED - The main class to be run
mainClass: my.package.Main
# OPTIONAL - Path to the JRE or environment variable name (e.g. $JAVA_11_HOME). Defaults to the JAVA_HOME environment variable if unset,
#  or if the specified environment variable is not set at runtime.
javaHome: /opt/palantir/jdk8/Contents/Home
# REQUIRED - The classpath entries; the final classpath is the ':'-concatenated list in the given order
classpath:
  - ./foo.jar
# OPTIONAL - Environment Variables to be set in the environment (Note: cannot be referenced on args list)
env:
  CUSTOM_VAR: CUSTOM_VALUE
# OPTIONAL - JVM options to be passed to the java command
jvmOpts:
  - '-Xmx1g'
# OPTIONAL - Arguments passed to the main method of the main class
args:
  - arg1
# OPTIONAL - A list of directories to be created before executing the command. Must be relative to CWD and over [A-Za-z0-9].
dirs:
  - var/data/tmp
  - var/log
# OPTIONAL - A map of configurations of subProcesses to launch
subProcesses:
  SUB_PROCESS_NAME:
    # another StaticLauncherConfig though it cannot have its own subProcesses, and uses its parent's configVersion
    configType: executable
    env:
      CUSTOM_VAR: CUSTOM_VALUE
    executable: "{{CWD}}/service/lib/envoy/envoy"
    dirs:
      - var/data/tmp
      - var/log
# StaticLauncherConfig - executable version
# REQUIRED - The type of configuration, must be the string "executable"
configType: executable
# REQUIRED - The version of the configuration format, must be the integer 1
configVersion: 1
# OPTIONAL - Environment Variables to be set in the environment (Note: cannot be referenced on args list)
env:
  CUSTOM_VAR: CUSTOM_VALUE
# REQUIRED - The full path to the executable file, limited to whitelisted values (java, postgres, influxd, grafana-server)
executable: "{{CWD}}/service/bin/postgres"
# OPTIONAL - Arguments passed to the main method of the excutable or main class
args:
  - arg1
# OPTIONAL - A list of directories to be created before executing the command. Must be relative to CWD and over [A-Za-z0-9].
dirs:
  - var/data/tmp
  - var/log
# OPTIONAL - A map of configurations of secondary processes to launch
subProcesses:
  SUB_PROCESS_NAME:
    # another StaticLauncherConfig though it cannot have its own subProcesses, and uses its parent's configVersion
    configType: executable
    env:
      CUSTOM_VAR: CUSTOM_VALUE
    executable: "{{CWD}}/service/lib/envoy/envoy"
    dirs:
      - var/data/tmp
      - var/log
# CustomLauncherConfig
# REQUIRED - The type of configuration, must be the string "java" or "executable"
configType: java
# REQUIRED - The version of the configuration format, must be the integer 1
configVersion: 1
# OPTIONAL - Environment Variables to be set in the environment, will override defaults in static config (Note: cannot be referenced on args list)
env:
  CUSTOM_VAR: CUSTOM_VALUE
  CUSTOM_PATH: '{{CWD}}/some/path'
# Additional JVM options to be passed to the java command, will override defaults in static config. Ignored if configType is "executable"
jvmOpts:
  - '-Xmx2g'
# OPTIONAL - A map of configurations of secondary processes to launch
subProcess:
  SUB_PROCESS_NAME:
    # another CustomLauncherConfig though it cannot have its own subProcesses, and uses its parent's configVersion
    configType: executable
    env:
      CUSTOM_VAR: CUSTOM_VALUE

The launcher is invoked as:

go-java-launcher [<path to StaticLauncherConfig> [<path to CustomLauncherConfig>]]

where the static configuration file defaults to ./launcher-static.yml and the custom configuration file defaults to ./launcher-custom.yml. It assembles the configuration options and executes the following command (where <static.xyz> and <custom.xyz> refer to the options from the two configuration files, respectively):

<javaHome>/bin/java \
  <static.jvmOpts> \
  <custom.jvmOpts> \
  -classpath <classpath entries> \
  <static.mainClass> \
  <static.args>

Note that the custom jvmOpts appear after the static jvmOpts and thus typically take precendence; the exact behaviour may depend on the Java distribution.

If any subProcesses are defined, they will be launched as child processes of the main process, with all of these processes occupying their own process group. Additionally, a monitor subProcess will be launched, which terminates the group, should the main process die.

env block, both in static and custom configuration, supports restricted set of automatic expansions for values assigned to environment variables. Variables are expanded if they are surrounded with {{ and }} as shown above for CUSTOM_PATH. The following fixed expansions are supported:

  • {{CWD}}: The current working directory of the user which executed this process

Expansions are only performed on the values. No expansions are performed on the keys. Note that the JAVA_HOME environment cannot be overwritten with this mechanism; use the javaHome mechanism in StaticLauncherConfig instead.

All output from go-java-launcher itself, and from the launch of all processes themselves is directed to stdout.

go-init

This repository also publishes a binary called go-init that supports the commands start, status, and stop, in adherence with the Linux Standard Base specification for init scripts. The binary reads configuration from (relative to its working directory) service/bin/launcher-static.yml and var/conf/launcher-custom.yml in the same vein as go-java-launcher, but instead outputs its own logging and that of the primary process to var/log/startup.log. Logs on the compilation of a command used to launch a specific subProcesses, and its subsequent stdout and stderr streams are directed to var/log/${SUB_PROCESS}-startup.log files. go-init does not launch each subProcess as a child process of the primary process.

Note that while the specification states that the status command prints the status of the service, the exact wording used to denote that status is not defined and subsequently subject to change without warning.

License

This repository is made available under the Apache 2.0 License.

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A simple Go program for launching Java programs from a fixed configuration. This program replaces Gradle-generated Bash launch scripts which are susceptible to attacks via injection of environment variables of the form JAVA_OPTS='$(rm -rf /)'.

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