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readme.md

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SLS Distribution Gradle Plugins

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A set of Gradle plugins that facilitate packaging projects for distributions conforming to Palantir's Service Layout Specification. This project was formerly known as gradle-java-distribution.

The Java Service and Asset plugins cannot both be applied to the same gradle project, and distributions from both are produced as a gzipped tar named [service-name]-[project-version].sls.tgz.

Java Service Distribution Gradle Plugin

Similar to the standard application plugin, this plugin helps package Java Gradle projects for easy distribution and execution. This distribution conforms with Palantir's SLS service layout conventions that attempt to split immutable files from mutable state and configuration.

In particular, this plugin packages a project into a common deployment structure with a simple start script, daemonizing script, and, a manifest describing the content of the package. The package will follow this structure:

[service-name]-[service-version]/
    deployment/
        manifest.yml                      # simple package manifest
    service/
        bin/
            [service-name]                # Bash start script
            [service-name].bat            # Windows start script
            init.sh                       # daemonizing script
            darwin-amd64/go-java-launcher # Native Java launcher binary (MacOS)
            linux-amd64/go-java-launcher  # Native Java launcher binary (Linux)
            launcher-static.yml           # generated configuration for go-java-launcher
            launcher-check.yml            # generated configuration for check.sh go-java-launcher
        lib/
            [jars]
        monitoring/
            bin/
                check.sh                  # monitoring script
    var/                                  # application configuration and data

The service/bin/ directory contains both Gradle-generated launcher scripts ([service-name] and [service-name].bat) and go-java-launcher launcher binaries. See below for usage.

Asset Distribution Gradle Plugin

This plugin helps package static files and directories into a distribution that conforms with Palantir's SLS asset layout conventions. Asset distributions differ from service distributions in that they do not have a top-level service or var directory, and instead utilize a top-level asset directory that can contain arbitrary files. See below for usage.

Pod Distribution Gradle Plugin

This plugin helps generate configuration to describe a collection of services and produces a distribution that conforms with Palantir's SLS pod specification. Pod distributions contain a deployment directory with the pod.yml and manifest.yml files in it. A pod.yml contains a set of services that are intended to run together and may have requirements about shared resources, such as shared disk. See below for usage.

Usage

Product dependencies

'Product dependencies' are declarative metadata about the products your product/asset/pod requires in order to function. When you run ./gradlew distTar, your product dependencies are embedded in the resultant dist in the deployment/manifest.yml file.

Most of your product dependencies should be inferred automatically from on the libraries you depend on. Any one of these jars may contain an embedded 'recommended product dependency' in its MANIFEST.MF (embedded using the Recommended Product Dependencies Plugin).

However, you can also use the productDependency block to specify these manually (although this is no longer considered a best-practise). Please note: you can add further restrictions to existing constraints, but you can't broaden them:

distribution {
    productDependency {
        productGroup = "com.palantir.group"
        productName = "my-service"
        minimumVersion = "1.0.0"
        maximumVersion = "1.x.x"
        recommendedVersion = "1.2.1"
    }
}

sls-packaging also maintains a lockfile, product-dependencies.lock, which should be checked in to Git. This file is an accurate reflection of all the inferred and explicitly defined product dependencies. Run ./gradlew --write-locks to update it.

It's possible to further restrict the acceptable version range for a dependency by declaring a tighter constraint in a productDependency block - this will be merged with any constraints detected from other jars. If all the constraints on a given product don't overlap, then an error will the thrown: Could not merge recommended product dependencies as their version ranges do not overlap.

It's also possible to explicitly ignore a dependency if it comes as a recommendation from a jar:

distribution {
    productDependency {
        // ...
    }
    ignoredProductDependency('other-group3', 'other-service3')
}

Accessing product dependencies

You can programmatically access the minimum product dependency version as follows:

def myDependency = getMinimumProductVersion('com.palantir.service:my-service')

More often though, you probably just want to get the minimum product dependencies as a gradle configuration that you can depend on from other projects. For this purpose, there is a configuration called productDependencies that is published from each SLS project.

You can then use this together with gradle-docker to inject your product dependencies into the docker-compose templating, for instance.

For example, given a dist project, :my-service, you can collect wire up docker :

// from another project
apply plugin: 'com.palantir.docker'
dependencies {
    docker project(path: ':my-service', configuration: 'productDependencies')
}

Packaging plugins

These plugins require at least Gradle 4.10.

Java Service Distribution plugin

Apply the plugin using standard Gradle convention:

plugins {
    id 'com.palantir.sls-java-service-distribution'
}

A sample configuration for the Service plugin:

distribution {
    serviceName 'my-service'
    serviceGroup 'my.service.group'
    mainClass 'com.palantir.foo.bar.MyServiceMainClass'
    args 'server', 'var/conf/my-service.yml'
    env 'KEY1': 'value1', 'KEY2': 'value1'
    manifestExtensions 'KEY3': 'value2'
    productDependency {
        productGroup = "other-group"
        productName = "other-service"
        minimumVersion = "1.1.0"
        maximumVersion = "1.5.x"      // optional, defaults to "1.x.x" (same major version as minimumVersion)
        recommendedVersion = "1.3.0"  // optional
    }
}

And the complete list of configurable properties:

  • (optional) serviceName the name of this service, used to construct the final artifact's file name. Defaults to the configured "name" of the Gradle project, project.name.
  • (optional) serviceGroup the group of the service, used in the final artifact's manifest. Defaults to the configured "group" of the Gradle project, project.group.
  • (optional) manifestExtensions a map of extended manifest attributes, as specified in SLS 1.0
  • (optional) productDependency adds an entry to the extensions.product-dependencies block of the SLS manifest, declaring that this service has a dependency on the given other service with specific version bounds. The productDependency object must specify the following properties:
    • productGroup the serviceGroup of the dependency.
    • productName the serviceName of the dependency.
    • minVersion the minimal compatible version of the dependency.
    • maxVersion the maximal compatible version of the dependency.
    • recommended the version developers think you should use; most commonly the version of the implementation that was tested during CI (minVersion typically matches the version of the api you use to negotiate).
  • (optional) mainClass class containing the entry point to start the program. Defaults to this sole class containing a main method in the main source set if one exists.
  • (optional) args a list of arguments to supply when running start.
  • (optional) checkArgs a list of arguments to supply to the monitoring script, if omitted, no monitoring script will be generated.
  • (optional) env a map of environment variables that will be placed into the env block of the static launcher config. See go-java-launcher for details on the custom environment block.
  • (optional) defaultJvmOpts a list of default JVM options to set on the program.
  • (optional) enableManifestClasspath a boolean flag; if set to true, then the explicit Java classpath is omitted from the generated start scripts and static launcher config and instead inferred from a JAR file whose MANIFEST contains the classpath entries.
  • (optional) excludeFromVar a list of directories (relative to ${projectDir}/var) to exclude from the distribution, defaulting to ['log', 'run'].
  • (optional) javaHome a fixed override for the JAVA_HOME environment variable that will be applied when init.sh is run.
  • (optional) gc override the default GC settings. Available GC settings: throughput (default), hybrid and response-time.
  • (optional) addJava8GcLogging add java 8 specific gc logging options.

JVM Options

The list of JVM options passed to the Java processes launched through a package's start-up scripts is obtained by concatenating the following list of hard-coded required options and the list of options specified in distribution.defaultJvmOpts:

Hard-coded required JVM options:

  • -Djava.io.tmpdir=var/data/tmp: Allocates temporary files inside the application installation folder rather than on /tmp; the latter is often space-constrained on cloud hosts.

The go-java-launcher and init.sh launchers additionally append the list of JVM options specified in the var/conf/launcher-custom.yml configuration file. Note that later options typically override earlier options (although this behavior is undefined and may be JVM-specific); this allows users to override the hard-coded options.

Runtime environment variables

Environment variables can be configured through the env blocks of launcher-static.yml and launcher-custom.yml as described in configuration file. They are set by the launcher process before the Java process is executed.

Directories created at runtime

The plugin configures go-java-launcher to create the following directories before starting the service:

  • var/data/tmp

Additionally, the following directories are created in every SLS distribution created:

  • var/log
  • var/run

Asset Distribution plugin

Apply the plugin using standard Gradle convention:

plugins {
    id 'com.palantir.sls-asset-distribution'
}

A sample configuration for the Asset plugin:

distribution {
    serviceName 'my-assets'
    assets 'relative/path/to/assets', 'relocated/path/in/dist'
    assets 'another/path, 'another/relocated/path'
}

The complete list of configurable properties:

  • serviceName the name of this service, used to construct the final artifact's file name.
  • (optional) serviceGroup the group of the service, used in the final artifact's manifest. Defaults to the configured "group" of the Gradle project, project.group.
  • (optional) manifestExtensions a map of extended manifest attributes, as specified in SLS 1.0.
  • (optional) productDependency adds an entry to the extensions.product-dependencies block of the SLS manifest, declaring that this asset has a dependency on the given other product with specific version bounds.
  • (optional) assets <fromPath> adds the specified file or directory (recursively) to the asset distribution, preserving the directory structure. For example, assets 'foo/bar' yields files foo/bar/baz/1.txt and foo/bar/2.txt in the asset distribution, assuming that the directory foo/bar contains files baz/1.txt and 2.txt.
  • (optional) assets <fromPath> <toPath> as above, but adds the specified files relative to toPath in the asset distribution. For example, assets 'foo/bar' 'baz' yields files baz/baz/1.txt and baz/2.txt assuming that the directory foo/bar contains the files baz/1.txt and 2.txt.
  • (optional) setAssets <map<fromPath, toPath>> as above, but removes all prior configured assets.

The example above, when applied to a project rooted at ~/project, would create a distribution with the following structure:

[service-name]-[service-version]/
    deployment/
        manifest.yml                      # simple package manifest
    asset/
        relocated/path/in/dist            # contents from `~/project/relative/path/to/assets/`
        another/relocated/path            # contents from `~/project/another/path`

Note that repeated calls to assets are processed in-order, and as such, it is possible to overwrite resources by specifying that a later invocation be relocated to a previously used destination's ancestor directory.

Pod Distribution plugin

Apply the plugin using standard Gradle convention:

plugins {
    id 'com.palantir.sls-pod-distribution'
}

A sample configuration for the Pod plugin:

distribution {
    podName "pod-name"

    service "bar-service", {
        productGroup = "com.palantir.foo"
        productName = "bar"
        productVersion = "1.0.0"
        volumeMap = ["bar-volume": "random-volume"]
    }
    service "baz-service", {
        productGroup = "com.palantir.foo"
        productName = "baz"
        productVersion = "1.0.0"
        volumeMap = ["baz-volume": "random-volume"]
    }

    volume "random-volume", {
        desiredSize = "10G"
    }
}

The complete list of configurable properties:

  • podName the name of this pod, used to construct the final artifact's file name.
  • service generates a block for a service within the pod. Service names must be kebab case. A service block can be configured with the following properties:
    • productGroup the group of the product backing this service
    • productName the name of the product backing this service
    • productVersion the version of the product backing this service
    • volumeMap <map<mount name, volume name>> a map of volumes to be attached to this service at deployment. Any volume name used must also be declared in a volume block.
  • volume generates a block for a shared pod volume. A volume block can be configured with the following properties:
    • desiredSize defines the size of the volume to be provisioned for this pod

The example above, when applied to a project rooted at ~/project, would create a distribution with the following structure:

[service-name]-[service-version]/
    deployment/
        manifest.yml                      # simple package manifest
        pod.yml                           # pod definition generated from configuration

Note that repeated calls to services and volumes are processed in-order, and as such, it is possible to overwrite resources by specifying that a later invocation be relocated to a previously used destination's ancestor directory.

Packaging

To create a compressed, gzipped tar file of the distribution, run the distTar task. To create a compressed, gzipped tar file of the deployment metadata for the distribution, run the configTar task.

The plugins expose the tar file as an artifact in the sls configuration, making it easy to share the artifact between sibling Gradle projects. For example:

configurations { tarballs }

dependencies {
    tarballs project(path: ':other-project', configuration: 'sls')
}

As part of package creation, the Java Service plugin will additionally create three shell scripts:

  • service/bin/[service-name]: a Gradle default start script for running the defined mainClass. This script is considered deprecated due to security issues with injectable Bash code; use the go-java-launcher binaries instead (see below).
  • service/bin/<architecture>/go-java-launcher: native binaries for executing the specified mainClass, configurable via service/bin/launcher-static.yml and var/conf/launcher-custom.yml.
  • service/bin/init.sh: a shell script to assist with daemonizing a JVM process. The script takes a single argument of start, stop, console or status.
    • start: On calls to service/bin/init.sh start, service/bin/<architecture>/go-java-launcher will be executed, disowned, and a pid file recorded in var/run/[service-name].pid.
    • console: like start, but does not background the process.
    • status: returns 0 when var/run/[service-name].pid exists and a process the id recorded in that file with a command matching the expected start command is found in the process table.
    • stop: if the process status is 0, issues a kill signal to the process.
  • service/monitoring/bin/check.sh: a no-argument shell script that returns 0 when a service is healthy and non-zero otherwise. This script is generated if and only if checkArgs is specified above, and will run the singular command defined by invoking <mainClass> [checkArgs] to obtain health status.

Furthermore, the Java Service plugin will merge the entire contents of ${projectDir}/service and ${projectDir}/var into the package.

Tasks

  • distTar: creates the gzipped tar package
  • configTar: creates the gzipped tar package of the deployment configuration
  • createManifest: generates a simple yaml file describing the package content

Specific to the Java Service plugin:

  • createStartScripts: generates standard Java start scripts
  • createInitScript: generates daemonizing init.sh script
  • run: runs the specified mainClass with default args

Recommended Product Dependencies Plugin

This plugin allows API jars to declare the recommended product dependencies an SLS service distribution should take.

An example application of this plugin might look as follows:

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'com.palantir.sls-recommended-dependencies'

recommendedProductDependencies {
    productDependency {
        productGroup = 'com.foo.bar.group'
        productName = 'product'
        minimumVersion = rootProject.version
        maximumVersion = "${rootProject.version.tokenize('.')[0].toInteger()}.x.x"
        recommendedVersion = rootProject.version
    }
}

The recommended product dependencies will be serialized into the jar manifest of the jar that the project produces. The SLS distribution and asset plugins will inspect the manifest of all jars in the server or asset and extract the recommended product dependencies.

License

This plugin is made available under the Apache 2.0 License.

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