Skip to content
master
Switch branches/tags
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
bin
 
 
 
 
lib
 
 
sig
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Gem Version Build

Rubanok

Rubanok provides a DSL to build parameters-based data transformers.

📖 Read the introduction post: "Carve your controllers like Papa Carlo"

The typical usage is to describe all the possible collection manipulation for REST index action, e.g. filtering, sorting, searching, pagination, etc..

So, instead of:

class CourseSessionController < ApplicationController
  def index
    @sessions = CourseSession
      .search(params[:q])
      .by_course_type(params[:course_type_id])
      .by_role(params[:role_id])
      .paginate(page_params)
      .order(ordering_params)
  end
end

You have:

class CourseSessionController < ApplicationController
  def index
    @sessions = rubanok_process(
      # pass input
      CourseSession.all,
      # pass params
      params,
      # provide a processor to use
      with: CourseSessionsProcessor
    )
  end
end

Or we can try to infer all the configuration for you:

class CourseSessionController < ApplicationController
  def index
    @sessions = rubanok_process(CourseSession.all)
  end
end

Requirements:

  • Ruby ~> 2.5
  • (optional*) Rails >= 5.2 (Rails 4.2 should work but we don't test against it anymore)

* This gem has no dependency on Rails.

Sponsored by Evil Martians

Installation

Add to your Gemfile:

gem "rubanok"

And run bundle install.

Usage

The core concept of this library is a processor (previously called plane or hand plane, or "рубанок" in Russian). Processor is responsible for mapping parameters to transformations.

From the example above:

class CourseSessionsProcessor < Rubanok::Processor
  # You can map keys
  map :q do |q:|
    # `raw` is an accessor for input data
    raw.search(q)
  end
end

# The following code
CourseSessionsProcessor.call(CourseSession.all, q: "xyz")

# is equal to
CourseSession.all.search("xyz")

You can map multiple keys at once:

class CourseSessionsProcessor < Rubanok::Processor
  DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE = 25

  map :page, :per_page do |page:, per_page: DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE|
    raw.paginate(page: page, per_page: per_page)
  end
end

There is also match method to handle values:

class CourseSessionsProcessor < Rubanok::Processor
  SORT_ORDERS = %w[asc desc].freeze
  SORTABLE_FIELDS = %w[id name created_at].freeze

  match :sort_by, :sort do
    having "course_id", "desc" do
      raw.joins(:courses).order("courses.id desc nulls last")
    end

    having "course_id", "asc" do
      raw.joins(:courses).order("courses.id asc nulls first")
    end

    # Match any value for the second arg
    having "type" do |sort: "asc"|
      # Prevent SQL injections
      raise "Possible injection: #{sort}" unless SORT_ORDERS.include?(sort)
      raw.joins(:course_type).order("course_types.name #{sort}")
    end

    # Match any value
    default do |sort_by:, sort: "asc"|
      raise "Possible injection: #{sort}" unless SORT_ORDERS.include?(sort)
      raise "The field is not sortable: #{sort_by}" unless SORTABLE_FIELDS.include?(sort_by)
      raw.order(sort_by => sort)
    end
  end

  # strict matching; if Processor will not match parameter, it will raise Rubanok::UnexpectedInputError
  # You can handle it in controller, for example, with sending 422 Unprocessable Entity to client
  match :filter, fail_when_no_matches: true do
    having "active" do
      raw.active
    end

    having "finished" do
      raw.finished
    end
  end
end

By default, Rubanok will not fail if no matches found in match rule. You can change it by setting: Rubanok.fail_when_no_matches = true. If in example above you will call CourseSessionsProcessor.call(CourseSession, filter: 'acitve'), you will get Rubanok::UnexpectedInputError: Unexpected input: {:filter=>'acitve'}.

NOTE: Rubanok only matches exact values; more complex matching could be added in the future.

Default transformation

Sometimes it's useful to perform some transformations before any rule is activated.

There is a special prepare method which allows you to define the default transformation:

class CourseSearchQueryProcessor < Rubanok::Processor
  prepare do
    next if raw&.dig(:query, :bool)

    {query: {bool: {filters: []}}}
  end

  map :ids do |ids:|
    raw.dig(:query, :bool, :filters) << {terms: {id: ids}}
    raw
  end
end

The block should return a new initial value for the raw input or nil (no transformation required).

The prepare callback is not executed if no params match, e.g.:

CourseSearchQueryProcessor.call(nil, {}) #=> nil

# But
CourseSearchQueryProcessor.call(nil, {ids: [1]}) #=> {query {bool: {filters: [{terms: {ids: [1]}}]}}}

# Note that we can omit the first argument altogether
CourseSearchQueryProcessor.call({ids: [1]})

Getting the matching params

Sometimes it could be useful to get the params that were used to process the data by Rubanok processor (e.g., you can use this data in views to display the actual filters state).

In Rails, you can use the #rubanok_scope method for that:

class CourseSessionController < ApplicationController
  def index
    @sessions = rubanok_process(CourseSession.all)
    # Returns the Hash of params recognized by the CourseSessionProcessor.
    # For example:
    #
    #    params == {q: "search", role_id: 2, date: "2019-08-22"}
    #    @session_filter == {q: "search", role_id: 2}
    @sessions_filter = rubanok_scope(
      params.permit(:q, :role_id),
      with: CourseSessionProcessor
    )

    # You can omit all the arguments
    @sessions_filter = rubanok_scope #=> equals to rubanok_scope(params, with: implicit_rubanok_class)
  end
end

You can also accesss rubanok_scope in views (it's a helper method).

Rule activation

Rubanok activates a rule by checking whether the corresponding keys are present in the params object. All the fields must be present to apply the rule.

Some fields may be optional, or perhaps even all of them. You can use activate_on and activate_always options to mark something as an optional key instead of a required one:

# Always apply the rule; use default values for keyword args
map :page, :per_page, activate_always: true do |page: 1, per_page: 2|
  raw.page(page).per(per_page)
end

# Only require `sort_by` to be preset to activate sorting rule
match :sort_by, :sort, activate_on: :sort_by do
 # ...
end

By default, Rubanok ignores empty param values (using #empty? under the hood) and will not run matching rules on those values. For example: { q: "" } and { q: nil } won't activate the map :q rule.

You can change this behaviour by specifying ignore_empty_values: true option for a particular rule or enabling this behaviour globally via Rubanok.ignore_empty_values = true (enabled by default).

Input values filtering

For complex input types, such as arrays, it might be useful to prepare the value before passing to a transforming block or prevent the activation altogether.

We provide a filter_with: option for the .map method, which could be used as follows:

class PostsProcessor < Rubanok::Processor
  # We can pass a Proc
  map :ids, filter_with: ->(vals) { vals.reject(&:blank?).presence } do |ids:|
    raw.where(id: ids)
  end

  # or define a class method
  def self.non_empty_array(val)
    non_blank = val.reject(&:blank?)
    return if non_blank.empty?

    non_blank
  end

  # and pass its name as a filter_with value
  map :ids, filter_with: :non_empty_array do |ids:|
    raw.where(id: ids)
  end
end

# Filtered values are used in rules
PostsProcessor.call(Post.all, {ids: ["1", ""]}) == Post.where(id: ["1"])

# When filter returns empty value, the rule is not applied
PostsProcessor.call(Post.all, {ids: [nil, ""]}) == Post.all

Testing

One of the benefits of having modification logic contained in its own class is the ability to test modifications in isolation:

# For example, with RSpec
RSpec.describe CourseSessionsProcessor do
  let(:input) { CourseSession.all }
  let(:params) { {} }

  subject { described_class.call(input, params) }

  specify "searching" do
    params[:q] = "wood"

    expect(subject).to eq input.search("wood")
  end
end

Now in your controller you only have to test that the specific plane is applied:

RSpec.describe CourseSessionController do
  subject { get :index }

  specify do
    expect { subject }.to have_rubanok_processed(CourseSession.all)
      .with(CourseSessionsProcessor)
  end
end

NOTE: input matching only checks for the class equality.

To use have_rubanok_processed matcher you must add the following line to your spec_helper.rb / rails_helper.rb (it's added automatically if RSpec defined and RAILS_ENV/RACK_ENV is equal to "test"):

require "rubanok/rspec"

Rails vs. non-Rails

Rubanok does not require Rails, but it has some useful Rails extensions such as rubanok_process helper for controllers (included automatically into ActionController::Base and ActionController::API).

If you use ActionController::Metal you must include the Rubanok::Controller module yourself.

Processor class inference in Rails controllers

By default, rubanok_process uses the following algorithm to define a processor class: "#{controller_path.classify.pluralize}Processor".safe_constantize.

You can change this by overriding the #implicit_rubanok_class method:

class ApplicationController < ActionController::Smth
  # override the `implicit_rubanok_class` method
  def implicit_rubanok_class
    "#{controller_path.classify.pluralize}Scoper".safe_constantize
  end
end

Now you can use it like this:

class CourseSessionsController < ApplicationController
  def index
    @sessions = rubanok_process(CourseSession.all, params)
    # which equals to
    @sessions = CourseSessionsScoper.call(CourseSession.all, params.to_unsafe_h)
  end
end

NOTE: the planish method is still available and it uses #{controller_path.classify.pluralize}Plane".safe_constantize under the hood (via the #implicit_plane_class method).

Using with RBS/Steep

Read "Climbing Steep hills, or adopting Ruby 3 types with RBS" for the context.

Rubanok comes with Ruby type signatures (RBS).

To use them with Steep, add library "rubanok" to your Steepfile.

Since Rubanok provides DSL with implicit context switching (via instance_eval), you need to provide type hints for the type checker to help it figure out the current context. Here is an example:

class MyProcessor < Rubanok::Processor
  map :q do |q:|
    # @type self : Rubanok::Processor
    raw
  end

  match :sort_by, :sort, activate_on: :sort_by do
    # @type self : Rubanok::DSL::Matching::Rule
    having "status", "asc" do
      # @type self : Rubanok::Processor
      raw
    end

    # @type self : Rubanok::DSL::Matching::Rule
    default do |sort_by:, sort: "asc"|
      # @type self : Rubanok::Processor
      raw
    end
  end
end

Yeah, a lot of annotations 😞 Welcome to the type-safe world!

Questions & Answers

  • Where to put my processor/plane classes?

I put mine under app/planes (as <resources>_plane.rb) in my Rails app.

  • I don't like the naming ("planes" ✈️?), can I still use the library?

Good news—the default naming has been changed. "Planes" are still available if you prefer them (just like me 😉).

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/palkan/rubanok.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.