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Added API example to the method view docs

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1 parent 32c7e43 commit e68b34eb6c4636f7006a9d4c1172d5d09d6b2dc7 @mitsuhiko mitsuhiko committed Sep 17, 2011
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  1. +69 −0 docs/views.rst
@@ -156,3 +156,72 @@ specify a list of decorators to apply in the class declaration::
Due to the implicit self from the caller's perspective you cannot use
regular view decorators on the individual methods of the view however,
keep this in mind.
+Method Views for APIs
+Web APIs are often working very closely with HTTP verbs so it makes a lot
+of sense to implement such an API based on the
+:class:`~flask.views.MethodView`. That said, you will notice that the API
+will require different URL rules that go to the same method view most of
+the time. For instance consider that you are exposing a user object on
+the web:
+=============== =============== ======================================
+URL Method Description
+--------------- --------------- --------------------------------------
+``/users/`` ``GET`` Gives a list of all users
+``/users/`` ``POST`` Creates a new user
+``/users/<id>`` ``GET`` Shows a single user
+``/users/<id>`` ``PUT`` Updates a single user
+``/users/<id>`` ``DELETE`` Deletes a single user
+=============== =============== ======================================
+So how would you go about doing that with the
+:class:`~flask.views.MethodView`? The trick is to take advantage of the
+fact that you can provide multiple rules to the same view.
+Let's assume for the moment the view would look like this::
+ class UserAPI(MethodView):
+ def get(self, user_id):
+ if user_id is None:
+ # return a list of users
+ pass
+ else:
+ # expose a single user
+ pass
+ def post(self):
+ # create a new user
+ pass
+ def delete(self, user_id):
+ # delete a single user
+ pass
+ def put(self, user_id):
+ # update a single user
+ pass
+So how do we hook this up with the routing system? By adding two rules
+and explicitly mentioning the methods for each::
+ user_view = UserAPI.as_view('user_api')
+ app.add_url_rule('/users/', defaults={'user_id': None},
+ view_func=user_view, methods=['GET', 'POST'])
+ app.add_url_rule('/users/<int:user_id>', view_func=user_view,
+ methods=['GET', 'PUT', 'DELETE'])
+If you have a lot of APIs that look similar you can refactor that
+registration code::
+ def register_api(view, endpoint, url, pk='id', pk_type='int'):
+ view_func = view.as_view(endpoint)
+ app.add_url_rule(url, defaults={pk: None},
+ view_func=view_func, methods=['GET', 'POST'])
+ app.add_url_rule('%s<%s:%s>' % (url, pk), view_func=view_func,
+ methods=['GET', 'PUT', 'DELETE'])
+ register_api(UserAPI, 'user_api', '/users/', pk='user_id')

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