yubiswitch is an OSX status bar application to enable/disable a Yubikey Nano or Neo from Yubico.
Yubico is the producer of the Yubikeys: a hardware authentication device, designed to provide an easy to use and secure compliment to the traditional username and password.
By touching the exposed gold edge, a YubiKey Nano emits a One Time Password (OTP) as if it was typed in from a keyboard. The unique passcode is verified by a YubiKey compliant application.
So far all looks great doesn't it? :D
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Whooops! You see? I brought my laptop (lid opened) with me for a walk to a meeting room holding it with my right hand touching the golden stripe and this caused the Nano to start sending random OTP passwords to my Vim session, and to the FB chat window I had opened with my wife, and right now she's been asking WTF I've been writing :P
This status bar app allows you to avoid sending those accidental OTP passwords by allowing you to enable or disable the yubikey using a convenient global keyboard hot key that you can configure yourself.
Download the latest version in DMG format from github release page here.
This application needs to run with escalated privileges in order to exclusively grab the USB HID interface that drives the NANO/NEO-n Yubikey. Running the main app as root is a p.i.t.a. so YubiSwitch installs an helper daemon with root privileges which contains the logic to grab the USB HID interface, the main application talks to this daemon via XPC calls. When you start YubiSwitch for the first time it will ask for your user's password, this is expected to install the helper before mentioned.
If you use your Yubikey as part of multi-factor authentication for Mac then you might want to make sure that the option "Enable yubikey when system locks/sleeps" is enabled.
yubiswitch to lock your computer when you unplug the key make sure that your security settings are as follow:
Integration with shell
The application supports two basic AppleScript commands:
You can switch your yubikey on and off using this basic osacript commands:
$ osascript -e 'tell application "yubiswitch" to KeyOn'
$ osascript -e 'tell application "yubiswitch" to KeyOff'
How to find ProductID and VendorID
To find the product and vendor IDs you can use any of the following methods:
- Use the GUI:
- Open the System Information app (
CMD + Space) type
- On the left sidebar click on USB -> Find your OTP/FIDO/CCID
- Do the following in the terminal:
$ ioreg -p IOUSB -l -w 0 -x | grep -i Yubikey -A10 | grep 'idProduct\|idVendor' "idProduct" = 0x116 "idVendor" = 0x1050
-xfor ioreg is important for displaying the idProduct field in hexadecimal.
- If you have brew installed and prefer lsusb-style output:
$ brew update && brew tap jlhonora/lsusb && brew install lsusb $ lsusb | grep -i Yubikey Bus 020 Device 022: ID 1050:0116 1050 Yubikey NEO OTP+U2F+CCID
Menu items in the status bar:
- The app's default settings support the Nano. If you have a different model, go into the app's
Preferencesby clicking on the menu icon, then set the the
0x0114(or whatever your ProductID is) see: How to find ProductID and VendorID.
- If your YubiKey is not working, you might want to confirm the
Vendor IDfollow the how to find your ProductID and VendorID steps below
- This app only works with recent version of OSX because it relies on the Notification Centre. OSX 10.8.x and above would do it. Sorry about that.
TODO and future plans
- Make hotkey configurable via configuration window, currently it's static and it is cmd-Y. (This is done via ShortcutRecorder now)
- Use NSNotificationCenter to notify other classes (ie AppDelegate and YubiKey) when user preferences are changed
- Add "Start at login" feature
- Support for basic AppleScript comomands: KeyOn/KeyOff
- Feature: lock computer when yubikey is removed (use IOServiceAddMatchingNotification in IOKit?)
- Support more yubikeys nano on multiple USB slots
- Better support for plug and unplug events (fixed with HID interface, dmg not published yet)
- Feature: support all YubiCo devices without any configuration needed
How to create DMG for distribution
You need to make sure that you sign all applications and frameworks, also you need to make sure the
dmg file is signed (the bash script
createdmg.sh does this for you). You need to sign the app with an official Mac developer profile.
When you want to create a release:
- Tag repo with vx.y, ie
git tag -a -m 'comment that describe the changes' v0.2
- Compile release app bundle in Xcode
- Run script:
cd dmg/ && bash createdmg.sh
- Get the file at
/tmp/yubiswitch\_$VERSION.dmgand attach the binary to the release in the new release in the github page
yubiswitch uses ShortcutRecoder to implement global hot key and shortcuts recording in the the preference window.
- ShortcutRecorder is at : https://github.com/Kentzo/ShortcutRecorder
- I'll need to add it to your
yubiswitchclone using git submodule using
git submodule add git://github.com/Kentzo/ShortcutRecorder.git
See this helpful page for instructions on how to set up your Xcode environment should you have any problem.
How to uninstall
Uninstallation process is pretty manual. Execute this as root:
Kill all processes:
# pkill -f com.pallotron.yubiswitch.helper
launchctl to stop the helper daemon:
# launchctl stop com.pallotron.yubiswitch.helper # launchctl remove com.pallotron.yubiswitch.helper
launchctl service is no longer there:
# launchctl list | grep -i yubi
Remove files from filesystem:
# rm /Library/PrivilegedHelperTools/com.pallotron.yubiswitch.helper # rm /Applications/yubiswitch.app/
Maybe one day I will provide a script to do this.
- Anton Tolchanov (@knyar), he originally wrote this in Python using PyObjC bridge. I decided to port this into Objective-C to learn the language when I found out that Carbon Event Manager libs have been removed from Python3. See http://docs.python.org/2/library/carbon.html
- @postwait for the USD HID device code