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The Encore compiler.

There are two ways of installing the Encore compiler. The first (Playing around with Encore) uses a virtual box image and it is easy getting the compiler up and running. The disadvantage of this approach is that benchmarks are meaningless. The second approach (Building Encore from Source) is a proper installation of all the dependencies (Haskell, llvm, etc).

This readme concludes with a discussion of the Encore command line arguments and details of the documentation.

Playing around with Encore

Would you like to play around with Encore without having to install all the dependencies? Now you can!

  1. Install VirtualBox and Vagrant.

  2. git clone

  3. cd encore

  4. make vagrant (you need to run this make target only the first time you download the project)

This installs the Encore compiler in a Virtual Machine (VM).

At this point, you have a Ubuntu VM working for you. You will work on your localhost (marked as localhost$) and compile on the VM (marked as vm$). Your Encore code needs to be placed inside the encore folder (the VM is restricted to work only inside that folder).

To connect to the VM:

localhost$ vagrant ssh

This command will connect you to the VM (user: vagrant, password: vagrant).

From the VM, compile using Encore:

vm$ encorec -clang example.enc

To exit the VM:

vm$ exit

After playing around with Encore, you want to suspend or halt the machine (so that it does not consume resources).

In your local machine:

localhost$ vagrant halt


localhost$ vagrant suspend

To start and connect again to the VM:

localhost$ vagrant up && vagrant ssh

Building Encore from Source

Make sure that you have doxygen (for documentation), premake4, an up-to-date clang and stack in your path.

Installing on Debian based Linux distros

To install Encore on a Debian based Linux distribution you can use the script. To perform a full install run the script with the -f flag to completely install all dependencies, setup the correct Haskell version and build and install Encore.

If you do not want the script to alter your $PATH variable or change the Haskell version use the -h flag to see available options.

Installing on OS X

Step 1: Preliminaries

We're using:

  • doxygen v1.8.6
  • clang: Apple LLVM version 7.0.2 (clang-700.1.81) Target: x86_64-apple-darwin15.6.0 Thread model: posix
  • pcre2-10.21 (for Regex library)
  • stack (the haskell build tool)
  • premake4 (Premake Build Script Generator) 4.3

Below you find instructions for installing the preliminaries on OS X.

Installing homebrew

Go to, the instructions there work nicely. Make sure that your normal user is an admin (that you can use sudo). You should not need sudo to use brew in the future.

Installing doxygen

Run: brew update; brew install doxygen

Installing clang:

Run: brew update; brew install llvm

Installing premake4

Go to the Premake4 Download page, download and install premake4.

Alternatively, run: brew update; brew install premake

Installing stack

If you have homebrew, you can run brew install haskell-stack. Otherwise, use these installation instructions. You might have to run stack update in order to get the latest version of all the dependencies.

Installing pcre2

Run: brew update; brew install pcre2

Step 2: Compiling and installing encore

cd encore
make test

Step 3: Adding encorec to the path

We recommend that you add the release directory to your PATH environment variable -- this will allow you to invoke the compiler by just saying

$ encorec my_file.enc

in any directory. To do this, add this line to your ~/.bashrc file, inserting the proper path for <SOME_DIR>:

export PATH="<SOME_DIR>/encore/release:${PATH}"

Compiling and Running Encore Programs

This instructions are the same for any Linux distribution and OS X.

You can compile a program by using

$ encorec my_file.enc

Then, you can run the executable, as usual, through


Alternatively, you can use a .enc-file as a script by adding #! /usr/bin/env encorec --run as its FIRST line. After you made the file executable:

$ chmod u+x my_file.enc can execute it:

$ ./my_file.enc

This will compile the file -- and run it.

You can find some example programs in the test directory.

Have fun!

encorec options

Running encorec foo.enc will typecheck the source and produce the executable foo. The following options are supported:

  --import [dirs]   | -I [dirs] colon separated list of directories in which to look for modules.
  --out-file [file] | -o [file] Specify output file.
  --generate-c      | -c        Outputs intermediate C fields in separate source tree.
  --debug           | -g        Inserts debugging symbols in executable. Use with -c for improved debugging experience.
  --type-check      | -tc       Only type check program, do not produce an executable.
  --literate        |           Literate programming mode. Code blocks are delimited by '#+begin_src' and '#+end_src'.
  --verbose         | -v        Print debug information during compiler stages.
  --optimize N      | -O N      Optimise produced executable. N=0,1,2 or 3.
  --profile         | -pg       Embed profiling information in the executable.
  --run             |           Compile and run the program, but do not produce executable file.
  --no-gc           |           DEBUG: disable GC and use C-malloc for allocation.
  --help            |           Display this information.


You can find the documentation in different formats here