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// Copyright 2015-2019 Parity Technologies (UK) Ltd.
// This file is part of Parity Ethereum.
// Parity Ethereum is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.
// Parity Ethereum is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with Parity Ethereum. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
use std::cmp;
use std::collections::BTreeMap;
use std::path::Path;
use std::sync::Arc;
use ethereum_types::{H256, H64, U256};
use ethjson;
use hash::{KECCAK_EMPTY_LIST_RLP};
use rlp::Rlp;
use types::header::{Header, ExtendedHeader};
use types::BlockNumber;
use unexpected::{OutOfBounds, Mismatch};
use block::ExecutedBlock;
use engines::block_reward::{self, BlockRewardContract, RewardKind};
use engines::{self, Engine};
use error::{BlockError, Error};
use ethash::{self, quick_get_difficulty, slow_hash_block_number, EthashManager, OptimizeFor};
use machine::EthereumMachine;
/// Number of blocks in an ethash snapshot.
// make dependent on difficulty incrment divisor?
const SNAPSHOT_BLOCKS: u64 = 5000;
/// Maximum number of blocks allowed in an ethash snapshot.
const MAX_SNAPSHOT_BLOCKS: u64 = 30000;
/// Ethash specific seal
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
pub struct Seal {
/// Ethash seal mix_hash
pub mix_hash: H256,
/// Ethash seal nonce
pub nonce: H64,
}
impl Seal {
/// Tries to parse rlp as ethash seal.
pub fn parse_seal<T: AsRef<[u8]>>(seal: &[T]) -> Result<Self, Error> {
if seal.len() != 2 {
return Err(BlockError::InvalidSealArity(
Mismatch {
expected: 2,
found: seal.len()
}
).into());
}
let mix_hash = Rlp::new(seal[0].as_ref()).as_val::<H256>()?;
let nonce = Rlp::new(seal[1].as_ref()).as_val::<H64>()?;
let seal = Seal {
mix_hash,
nonce,
};
Ok(seal)
}
}
/// Ethash params.
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
pub struct EthashParams {
/// Minimum difficulty.
pub minimum_difficulty: U256,
/// Difficulty bound divisor.
pub difficulty_bound_divisor: U256,
/// Difficulty increment divisor.
pub difficulty_increment_divisor: u64,
/// Metropolis difficulty increment divisor.
pub metropolis_difficulty_increment_divisor: u64,
/// Block duration.
pub duration_limit: u64,
/// Homestead transition block number.
pub homestead_transition: u64,
/// Transition block for a change of difficulty params (currently just bound_divisor).
pub difficulty_hardfork_transition: u64,
/// Difficulty param after the difficulty transition.
pub difficulty_hardfork_bound_divisor: U256,
/// Block on which there is no additional difficulty from the exponential bomb.
pub bomb_defuse_transition: u64,
/// Number of first block where EIP-100 rules begin.
pub eip100b_transition: u64,
/// Number of first block where ECIP-1010 begins.
pub ecip1010_pause_transition: u64,
/// Number of first block where ECIP-1010 ends.
pub ecip1010_continue_transition: u64,
/// Total block number for one ECIP-1017 era.
pub ecip1017_era_rounds: u64,
/// Block reward in base units.
pub block_reward: BTreeMap<BlockNumber, U256>,
/// EXPIP-2 block height
pub expip2_transition: u64,
/// EXPIP-2 duration limit
pub expip2_duration_limit: u64,
/// Block reward contract transition block.
pub block_reward_contract_transition: u64,
/// Block reward contract.
pub block_reward_contract: Option<BlockRewardContract>,
/// Difficulty bomb delays.
pub difficulty_bomb_delays: BTreeMap<BlockNumber, BlockNumber>,
/// Block to transition to progpow
pub progpow_transition: u64,
}
impl From<ethjson::spec::EthashParams> for EthashParams {
fn from(p: ethjson::spec::EthashParams) -> Self {
EthashParams {
minimum_difficulty: p.minimum_difficulty.into(),
difficulty_bound_divisor: p.difficulty_bound_divisor.into(),
difficulty_increment_divisor: p.difficulty_increment_divisor.map_or(10, Into::into),
metropolis_difficulty_increment_divisor: p.metropolis_difficulty_increment_divisor.map_or(9, Into::into),
duration_limit: p.duration_limit.map_or(0, Into::into),
homestead_transition: p.homestead_transition.map_or(0, Into::into),
difficulty_hardfork_transition: p.difficulty_hardfork_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
difficulty_hardfork_bound_divisor: p.difficulty_hardfork_bound_divisor.map_or(p.difficulty_bound_divisor.into(), Into::into),
bomb_defuse_transition: p.bomb_defuse_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
eip100b_transition: p.eip100b_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
ecip1010_pause_transition: p.ecip1010_pause_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
ecip1010_continue_transition: p.ecip1010_continue_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
ecip1017_era_rounds: p.ecip1017_era_rounds.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
block_reward: p.block_reward.map_or_else(
|| {
let mut ret = BTreeMap::new();
ret.insert(0, U256::zero());
ret
},
|reward| {
match reward {
ethjson::spec::BlockReward::Single(reward) => {
let mut ret = BTreeMap::new();
ret.insert(0, reward.into());
ret
},
ethjson::spec::BlockReward::Multi(multi) => {
multi.into_iter()
.map(|(block, reward)| (block.into(), reward.into()))
.collect()
},
}
}),
expip2_transition: p.expip2_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
expip2_duration_limit: p.expip2_duration_limit.map_or(30, Into::into),
progpow_transition: p.progpow_transition.map_or(u64::max_value(), Into::into),
block_reward_contract_transition: p.block_reward_contract_transition.map_or(0, Into::into),
block_reward_contract: match (p.block_reward_contract_code, p.block_reward_contract_address) {
(Some(code), _) => Some(BlockRewardContract::new_from_code(Arc::new(code.into()))),
(_, Some(address)) => Some(BlockRewardContract::new_from_address(address.into())),
(None, None) => None,
},
difficulty_bomb_delays: p.difficulty_bomb_delays.unwrap_or_default().into_iter()
.map(|(block, delay)| (block.into(), delay.into()))
.collect()
}
}
}
/// Engine using Ethash proof-of-work consensus algorithm, suitable for Ethereum
/// mainnet chains in the Olympic, Frontier and Homestead eras.
pub struct Ethash {
ethash_params: EthashParams,
pow: EthashManager,
machine: EthereumMachine,
}
impl Ethash {
/// Create a new instance of Ethash engine
pub fn new<T: Into<Option<OptimizeFor>>>(
cache_dir: &Path,
ethash_params: EthashParams,
machine: EthereumMachine,
optimize_for: T,
) -> Arc<Self> {
let progpow_transition = ethash_params.progpow_transition;
Arc::new(Ethash {
ethash_params,
machine,
pow: EthashManager::new(cache_dir.as_ref(), optimize_for.into(), progpow_transition),
})
}
}
// TODO [rphmeier]
//
// for now, this is different than Ethash's own epochs, and signal
// "consensus epochs".
// in this sense, `Ethash` is epochless: the same `EpochVerifier` can be used
// for any block in the chain.
// in the future, we might move the Ethash epoch
// caching onto this mechanism as well.
impl engines::EpochVerifier<EthereumMachine> for Arc<Ethash> {
fn verify_light(&self, _header: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> { Ok(()) }
fn verify_heavy(&self, header: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> {
self.verify_block_unordered(header)
}
}
impl Engine<EthereumMachine> for Arc<Ethash> {
fn name(&self) -> &str { "Ethash" }
fn machine(&self) -> &EthereumMachine { &self.machine }
// Two fields - nonce and mix.
fn seal_fields(&self, _header: &Header) -> usize { 2 }
/// Additional engine-specific information for the user/developer concerning `header`.
fn extra_info(&self, header: &Header) -> BTreeMap<String, String> {
match Seal::parse_seal(header.seal()) {
Ok(seal) => map![
"nonce".to_owned() => format!("0x{:x}", seal.nonce),
"mixHash".to_owned() => format!("0x{:x}", seal.mix_hash)
],
_ => BTreeMap::default()
}
}
fn maximum_uncle_count(&self, _block: BlockNumber) -> usize { 2 }
fn maximum_gas_limit(&self) -> Option<U256> { Some(0x7fff_ffff_ffff_ffffu64.into()) }
fn populate_from_parent(&self, header: &mut Header, parent: &Header) {
let difficulty = self.calculate_difficulty(header, parent);
header.set_difficulty(difficulty);
}
/// Apply the block reward on finalisation of the block.
/// This assumes that all uncles are valid uncles (i.e. of at least one generation before the current).
fn on_close_block(&self, block: &mut ExecutedBlock) -> Result<(), Error> {
use std::ops::Shr;
let author = *block.header.author();
let number = block.header.number();
let rewards = match self.ethash_params.block_reward_contract {
Some(ref c) if number >= self.ethash_params.block_reward_contract_transition => {
let mut beneficiaries = Vec::new();
beneficiaries.push((author, RewardKind::Author));
for u in &block.uncles {
let uncle_author = u.author();
beneficiaries.push((*uncle_author, RewardKind::uncle(number, u.number())));
}
let mut call = engines::default_system_or_code_call(&self.machine, block);
let rewards = c.reward(&beneficiaries, &mut call)?;
rewards.into_iter().map(|(author, amount)| (author, RewardKind::External, amount)).collect()
},
_ => {
let mut rewards = Vec::new();
let (_, reward) = self.ethash_params.block_reward.iter()
.rev()
.find(|&(block, _)| *block <= number)
.expect("Current block's reward is not found; this indicates a chain config error; qed");
let reward = *reward;
// Applies ECIP-1017 eras.
let eras_rounds = self.ethash_params.ecip1017_era_rounds;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, reward, number);
//let n_uncles = LiveBlock::uncles(&*block).len();
let n_uncles = block.uncles.len();
// Bestow block rewards.
let result_block_reward = reward + reward.shr(5) * U256::from(n_uncles);
rewards.push((author, RewardKind::Author, result_block_reward));
// Bestow uncle rewards.
for u in &block.uncles {
let uncle_author = u.author();
let result_uncle_reward = if eras == 0 {
(reward * U256::from(8 + u.number() - number)).shr(3)
} else {
reward.shr(5)
};
rewards.push((*uncle_author, RewardKind::uncle(number, u.number()), result_uncle_reward));
}
rewards
},
};
block_reward::apply_block_rewards(&rewards, block, &self.machine)
}
#[cfg(not(feature = "miner-debug"))]
fn verify_local_seal(&self, header: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> {
self.verify_block_basic(header)
.and_then(|_| self.verify_block_unordered(header))
}
#[cfg(feature = "miner-debug")]
fn verify_local_seal(&self, _header: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> {
warn!("Skipping seal verification, running in miner testing mode.");
Ok(())
}
fn verify_block_basic(&self, header: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> {
// check the seal fields.
let seal = Seal::parse_seal(header.seal())?;
// TODO: consider removing these lines.
let min_difficulty = self.ethash_params.minimum_difficulty;
if header.difficulty() < &min_difficulty {
return Err(From::from(BlockError::DifficultyOutOfBounds(OutOfBounds { min: Some(min_difficulty), max: None, found: header.difficulty().clone() })))
}
let difficulty = ethash::boundary_to_difficulty(&H256(quick_get_difficulty(
&header.bare_hash().0,
seal.nonce.low_u64(),
&seal.mix_hash.0,
header.number() >= self.ethash_params.progpow_transition
)));
if &difficulty < header.difficulty() {
return Err(From::from(BlockError::InvalidProofOfWork(OutOfBounds { min: Some(header.difficulty().clone()), max: None, found: difficulty })));
}
Ok(())
}
fn verify_block_unordered(&self, header: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> {
let seal = Seal::parse_seal(header.seal())?;
let result = self.pow.compute_light(header.number() as u64, &header.bare_hash().0, seal.nonce.low_u64());
let mix = H256(result.mix_hash);
let difficulty = ethash::boundary_to_difficulty(&H256(result.value));
trace!(target: "miner", "num: {num}, seed: {seed}, h: {h}, non: {non}, mix: {mix}, res: {res}",
num = header.number() as u64,
seed = H256(slow_hash_block_number(header.number() as u64)),
h = header.bare_hash(),
non = seal.nonce.low_u64(),
mix = H256(result.mix_hash),
res = H256(result.value));
if mix != seal.mix_hash {
return Err(From::from(BlockError::MismatchedH256SealElement(Mismatch { expected: mix, found: seal.mix_hash })));
}
if &difficulty < header.difficulty() {
return Err(From::from(BlockError::InvalidProofOfWork(OutOfBounds { min: Some(header.difficulty().clone()), max: None, found: difficulty })));
}
Ok(())
}
fn verify_block_family(&self, header: &Header, parent: &Header) -> Result<(), Error> {
// we should not calculate difficulty for genesis blocks
if header.number() == 0 {
return Err(From::from(BlockError::RidiculousNumber(OutOfBounds { min: Some(1), max: None, found: header.number() })));
}
// Check difficulty is correct given the two timestamps.
let expected_difficulty = self.calculate_difficulty(header, parent);
if header.difficulty() != &expected_difficulty {
return Err(From::from(BlockError::InvalidDifficulty(Mismatch { expected: expected_difficulty, found: header.difficulty().clone() })))
}
Ok(())
}
fn epoch_verifier<'a>(&self, _header: &Header, _proof: &'a [u8]) -> engines::ConstructedVerifier<'a, EthereumMachine> {
engines::ConstructedVerifier::Trusted(Box::new(self.clone()))
}
fn snapshot_components(&self) -> Option<Box<::snapshot::SnapshotComponents>> {
Some(Box::new(::snapshot::PowSnapshot::new(SNAPSHOT_BLOCKS, MAX_SNAPSHOT_BLOCKS)))
}
fn fork_choice(&self, new: &ExtendedHeader, current: &ExtendedHeader) -> engines::ForkChoice {
engines::total_difficulty_fork_choice(new, current)
}
}
impl Ethash {
fn calculate_difficulty(&self, header: &Header, parent: &Header) -> U256 {
const EXP_DIFF_PERIOD: u64 = 100_000;
if header.number() == 0 {
panic!("Can't calculate genesis block difficulty");
}
let parent_has_uncles = parent.uncles_hash() != &KECCAK_EMPTY_LIST_RLP;
let min_difficulty = self.ethash_params.minimum_difficulty;
let difficulty_hardfork = header.number() >= self.ethash_params.difficulty_hardfork_transition;
let difficulty_bound_divisor = if difficulty_hardfork {
self.ethash_params.difficulty_hardfork_bound_divisor
} else {
self.ethash_params.difficulty_bound_divisor
};
let expip2_hardfork = header.number() >= self.ethash_params.expip2_transition;
let duration_limit = if expip2_hardfork {
self.ethash_params.expip2_duration_limit
} else {
self.ethash_params.duration_limit
};
let frontier_limit = self.ethash_params.homestead_transition;
let mut target = if header.number() < frontier_limit {
if header.timestamp() >= parent.timestamp() + duration_limit {
*parent.difficulty() - (*parent.difficulty() / difficulty_bound_divisor)
} else {
*parent.difficulty() + (*parent.difficulty() / difficulty_bound_divisor)
}
} else {
trace!(target: "ethash", "Calculating difficulty parent.difficulty={}, header.timestamp={}, parent.timestamp={}", parent.difficulty(), header.timestamp(), parent.timestamp());
//block_diff = parent_diff + parent_diff // 2048 * max(1 - (block_timestamp - parent_timestamp) // 10, -99)
let (increment_divisor, threshold) = if header.number() < self.ethash_params.eip100b_transition {
(self.ethash_params.difficulty_increment_divisor, 1)
} else if parent_has_uncles {
(self.ethash_params.metropolis_difficulty_increment_divisor, 2)
} else {
(self.ethash_params.metropolis_difficulty_increment_divisor, 1)
};
let diff_inc = (header.timestamp() - parent.timestamp()) / increment_divisor;
if diff_inc <= threshold {
*parent.difficulty() + *parent.difficulty() / difficulty_bound_divisor * U256::from(threshold - diff_inc)
} else {
let multiplier: U256 = cmp::min(diff_inc - threshold, 99).into();
parent.difficulty().saturating_sub(
*parent.difficulty() / difficulty_bound_divisor * multiplier
)
}
};
target = cmp::max(min_difficulty, target);
if header.number() < self.ethash_params.bomb_defuse_transition {
if header.number() < self.ethash_params.ecip1010_pause_transition {
let mut number = header.number();
let original_number = number;
for (block, delay) in &self.ethash_params.difficulty_bomb_delays {
if original_number >= *block {
number = number.saturating_sub(*delay);
}
}
let period = (number / EXP_DIFF_PERIOD) as usize;
if period > 1 {
target = cmp::max(min_difficulty, target + (U256::from(1) << (period - 2)));
}
} else if header.number() < self.ethash_params.ecip1010_continue_transition {
let fixed_difficulty = ((self.ethash_params.ecip1010_pause_transition / EXP_DIFF_PERIOD) - 2) as usize;
target = cmp::max(min_difficulty, target + (U256::from(1) << fixed_difficulty));
} else {
let period = ((parent.number() + 1) / EXP_DIFF_PERIOD) as usize;
let delay = ((self.ethash_params.ecip1010_continue_transition - self.ethash_params.ecip1010_pause_transition) / EXP_DIFF_PERIOD) as usize;
target = cmp::max(min_difficulty, target + (U256::from(1) << (period - delay - 2)));
}
}
target
}
}
fn ecip1017_eras_block_reward(era_rounds: u64, mut reward: U256, block_number:u64) -> (u64, U256) {
let eras = if block_number != 0 && block_number % era_rounds == 0 {
block_number / era_rounds - 1
} else {
block_number / era_rounds
};
let mut divi = U256::from(1);
for _ in 0..eras {
reward = reward * U256::from(4);
divi = divi * U256::from(5);
}
reward = reward / divi;
(eras, reward)
}
#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
use std::str::FromStr;
use std::sync::Arc;
use std::collections::BTreeMap;
use ethereum_types::{H64, H256, U256, Address};
use block::*;
use test_helpers::get_temp_state_db;
use error::{BlockError, Error};
use types::header::Header;
use spec::Spec;
use engines::Engine;
use super::super::{new_morden, new_mcip3_test, new_homestead_test_machine};
use super::{Ethash, EthashParams, ecip1017_eras_block_reward};
use rlp;
use tempdir::TempDir;
fn test_spec() -> Spec {
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
new_morden(&tempdir.path())
}
fn get_default_ethash_params() -> EthashParams {
EthashParams {
minimum_difficulty: U256::from(131072),
difficulty_bound_divisor: U256::from(2048),
difficulty_increment_divisor: 10,
metropolis_difficulty_increment_divisor: 9,
homestead_transition: 1150000,
duration_limit: 13,
block_reward: {
let mut ret = BTreeMap::new();
ret.insert(0, 0.into());
ret
},
difficulty_hardfork_transition: u64::max_value(),
difficulty_hardfork_bound_divisor: U256::from(0),
bomb_defuse_transition: u64::max_value(),
eip100b_transition: u64::max_value(),
ecip1010_pause_transition: u64::max_value(),
ecip1010_continue_transition: u64::max_value(),
ecip1017_era_rounds: u64::max_value(),
expip2_transition: u64::max_value(),
expip2_duration_limit: 30,
block_reward_contract: None,
block_reward_contract_transition: 0,
difficulty_bomb_delays: BTreeMap::new(),
progpow_transition: u64::max_value(),
}
}
#[test]
fn on_close_block() {
let spec = test_spec();
let engine = &*spec.engine;
let genesis_header = spec.genesis_header();
let db = spec.ensure_db_good(get_temp_state_db(), &Default::default()).unwrap();
let last_hashes = Arc::new(vec![genesis_header.hash()]);
let b = OpenBlock::new(engine, Default::default(), false, db, &genesis_header, last_hashes, Address::zero(), (3141562.into(), 31415620.into()), vec![], false, None).unwrap();
let b = b.close().unwrap();
assert_eq!(b.state.balance(&Address::zero()).unwrap(), U256::from_str("4563918244f40000").unwrap());
}
#[test]
fn has_valid_ecip1017_eras_block_reward() {
let eras_rounds = 5000000;
let start_reward: U256 = "4563918244F40000".parse().unwrap();
let block_number = 0;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, start_reward, block_number);
assert_eq!(0, eras);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("4563918244F40000").unwrap(), reward);
let block_number = 5000000;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, start_reward, block_number);
assert_eq!(0, eras);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("4563918244F40000").unwrap(), reward);
let block_number = 10000000;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, start_reward, block_number);
assert_eq!(1, eras);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("3782DACE9D900000").unwrap(), reward);
let block_number = 20000000;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, start_reward, block_number);
assert_eq!(3, eras);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("2386F26FC1000000").unwrap(), reward);
let block_number = 80000000;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, start_reward, block_number);
assert_eq!(15, eras);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("271000000000000").unwrap(), reward);
let block_number = 250000000;
let (eras, reward) = ecip1017_eras_block_reward(eras_rounds, start_reward, block_number);
assert_eq!(49, eras);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("51212FFBAF0A").unwrap(), reward);
}
#[test]
fn on_close_block_with_uncle() {
let spec = test_spec();
let engine = &*spec.engine;
let genesis_header = spec.genesis_header();
let db = spec.ensure_db_good(get_temp_state_db(), &Default::default()).unwrap();
let last_hashes = Arc::new(vec![genesis_header.hash()]);
let mut b = OpenBlock::new(engine, Default::default(), false, db, &genesis_header, last_hashes, Address::zero(), (3141562.into(), 31415620.into()), vec![], false, None).unwrap();
let mut uncle = Header::new();
let uncle_author: Address = "ef2d6d194084c2de36e0dabfce45d046b37d1106".into();
uncle.set_author(uncle_author);
b.push_uncle(uncle).unwrap();
let b = b.close().unwrap();
assert_eq!(b.state.balance(&Address::zero()).unwrap(), "478eae0e571ba000".into());
assert_eq!(b.state.balance(&uncle_author).unwrap(), "3cb71f51fc558000".into());
}
#[test]
fn has_valid_mcip3_era_block_rewards() {
let spec = new_mcip3_test();
let engine = &*spec.engine;
let genesis_header = spec.genesis_header();
let db = spec.ensure_db_good(get_temp_state_db(), &Default::default()).unwrap();
let last_hashes = Arc::new(vec![genesis_header.hash()]);
let b = OpenBlock::new(engine, Default::default(), false, db, &genesis_header, last_hashes, Address::zero(), (3141562.into(), 31415620.into()), vec![], false, None).unwrap();
let b = b.close().unwrap();
let ubi_contract: Address = "00efdd5883ec628983e9063c7d969fe268bbf310".into();
let dev_contract: Address = "00756cf8159095948496617f5fb17ed95059f536".into();
assert_eq!(b.state.balance(&Address::zero()).unwrap(), U256::from_str("d8d726b7177a80000").unwrap());
assert_eq!(b.state.balance(&ubi_contract).unwrap(), U256::from_str("2b5e3af16b1880000").unwrap());
assert_eq!(b.state.balance(&dev_contract).unwrap(), U256::from_str("c249fdd327780000").unwrap());
}
#[test]
fn has_valid_metadata() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
assert!(!engine.name().is_empty());
}
#[test]
fn can_return_schedule() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let schedule = engine.schedule(10000000);
assert!(schedule.stack_limit > 0);
let schedule = engine.schedule(100);
assert!(!schedule.have_delegate_call);
}
#[test]
fn can_do_seal_verification_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let header: Header = Header::default();
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_basic(&header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::InvalidSealArity(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be block seal-arity mismatch error (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_do_difficulty_verification_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let mut header: Header = Header::default();
header.set_seal(vec![rlp::encode(&H256::zero()), rlp::encode(&H64::zero())]);
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_basic(&header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::DifficultyOutOfBounds(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be block difficulty error (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_do_proof_of_work_verification_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let mut header: Header = Header::default();
header.set_seal(vec![rlp::encode(&H256::zero()), rlp::encode(&H64::zero())]);
header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa").unwrap());
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_basic(&header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::InvalidProofOfWork(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be invalid proof of work error (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_do_seal_unordered_verification_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let header = Header::default();
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_unordered(&header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::InvalidSealArity(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be block seal-arity mismatch error (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_do_seal_unordered_verification_fail2() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_seal(vec![vec![], vec![]]);
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_unordered(&header);
// rlp error, shouldn't panic
assert!(verify_result.is_err());
}
#[test]
fn can_do_seal256_verification_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let mut header: Header = Header::default();
header.set_seal(vec![rlp::encode(&H256::zero()), rlp::encode(&H64::zero())]);
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_unordered(&header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::MismatchedH256SealElement(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be invalid 256-bit seal fail (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_do_proof_of_work_unordered_verification_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let mut header: Header = Header::default();
header.set_seal(vec![rlp::encode(&H256::from("b251bd2e0283d0658f2cadfdc8ca619b5de94eca5742725e2e757dd13ed7503d")), rlp::encode(&H64::zero())]);
header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa").unwrap());
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_unordered(&header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::InvalidProofOfWork(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be invalid proof-of-work fail (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_verify_block_family_genesis_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let header: Header = Header::default();
let parent_header: Header = Header::default();
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_family(&header, &parent_header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::RidiculousNumber(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be invalid block number fail (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn can_verify_block_family_difficulty_fail() {
let engine = test_spec().engine;
let mut header: Header = Header::default();
header.set_number(2);
let mut parent_header: Header = Header::default();
parent_header.set_number(1);
let verify_result = engine.verify_block_family(&header, &parent_header);
match verify_result {
Err(Error::Block(BlockError::InvalidDifficulty(_))) => {},
Err(_) => { panic!("should be invalid difficulty fail (got {:?})", verify_result); },
_ => { panic!("Should be error, got Ok"); },
}
}
#[test]
fn difficulty_frontier() {
let machine = new_homestead_test_machine();
let ethparams = get_default_ethash_params();
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
let ethash = Ethash::new(tempdir.path(), ethparams, machine, None);
let mut parent_header = Header::default();
parent_header.set_number(1000000);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("b69de81a22b").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1455404053);
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(1455404058);
let difficulty = ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("b6b4bbd735f").unwrap(), difficulty);
}
#[test]
fn difficulty_homestead() {
let machine = new_homestead_test_machine();
let ethparams = get_default_ethash_params();
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
let ethash = Ethash::new(tempdir.path(), ethparams, machine, None);
let mut parent_header = Header::default();
parent_header.set_number(1500000);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("1fd0fd70792b").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1463003133);
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(1463003177);
let difficulty = ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header);
assert_eq!(U256::from_str("1fc50f118efe").unwrap(), difficulty);
}
#[test]
fn difficulty_classic_bomb_delay() {
let machine = new_homestead_test_machine();
let ethparams = EthashParams {
ecip1010_pause_transition: 3000000,
..get_default_ethash_params()
};
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
let ethash = Ethash::new(tempdir.path(), ethparams, machine, None);
let mut parent_header = Header::default();
parent_header.set_number(3500000);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("6F62EAF8D3C").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1452838500);
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 20);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("6F55FE9B74B").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 5);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("6F71D75632D").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 80);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("6F02746B3A5").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
}
#[test]
fn test_difficulty_bomb_continue() {
let machine = new_homestead_test_machine();
let ethparams = EthashParams {
ecip1010_pause_transition: 3000000,
ecip1010_continue_transition: 5000000,
..get_default_ethash_params()
};
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
let ethash = Ethash::new(tempdir.path(), ethparams, machine, None);
let mut parent_header = Header::default();
parent_header.set_number(5000102);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("14944397EE8B").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1513175023);
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 6);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("1496E6206188").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
parent_header.set_number(5100123);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("14D24B39C7CF").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1514609324);
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 41);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("14CA9C5D9227").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
parent_header.set_number(6150001);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("305367B57227").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1529664575);
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 105);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("309D09E0C609").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
parent_header.set_number(8000000);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("1180B36D4CE5B6A").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1535431724);
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(parent_header.timestamp() + 420);
assert_eq!(
U256::from_str("5126FFD5BCBB9E7").unwrap(),
ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header)
);
}
#[test]
fn difficulty_max_timestamp() {
let machine = new_homestead_test_machine();
let ethparams = get_default_ethash_params();
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
let ethash = Ethash::new(tempdir.path(), ethparams, machine, None);
let mut parent_header = Header::default();
parent_header.set_number(1000000);
parent_header.set_difficulty(U256::from_str("b69de81a22b").unwrap());
parent_header.set_timestamp(1455404053);
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_number(parent_header.number() + 1);
header.set_timestamp(u64::max_value());
let difficulty = ethash.calculate_difficulty(&header, &parent_header);
assert_eq!(U256::from(12543204905719u64), difficulty);
}
#[test]
fn test_extra_info() {
let machine = new_homestead_test_machine();
let ethparams = get_default_ethash_params();
let tempdir = TempDir::new("").unwrap();
let ethash = Ethash::new(tempdir.path(), ethparams, machine, None);
let mut header = Header::default();
header.set_seal(vec![rlp::encode(&H256::from("b251bd2e0283d0658f2cadfdc8ca619b5de94eca5742725e2e757dd13ed7503d")), rlp::encode(&H64::zero())]);
let info = ethash.extra_info(&header);
assert_eq!(info["nonce"], "0x0000000000000000");
assert_eq!(info["mixHash"], "0xb251bd2e0283d0658f2cadfdc8ca619b5de94eca5742725e2e757dd13ed7503d");
}
}
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