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/*
Copyright (C) 2001-2010, Parrot Foundation.
$Id$
=head1 NAME
src/extend.c - Parrot extension interface
=head1 DESCRIPTION
These are the functions that parrot extensions (i.e. parrot subroutines
written in C, or some other compiled language, rather than in parrot
bytecode) may access.
There is a deliberate distancing from the internals here. Don't go
peeking inside -- you've as much access as bytecode does, but no more,
so we can provide backwards compatibility for as long as we possibly
can.
=head2 Functions
=over 4
=cut
*/
/* Some internal notes. Parrot will die a horrible and bizarre death
if the stack start pointer's not set and a GC run is
triggered. The pointer *will* be set by the interpreter if the
interpreter calls code which calls these functions, so most
extension code is safe, no problem.
The problem comes in if these routines are called from *outside*
an interpreter. This happens when an embedding application calls
them to do stuff with PMCs, STRINGS, interpreter contents, and
suchlike things. This is perfectly legal -- in fact it's what
we've documented should be done -- but the problem is that the
stack base pointer will be NULL. This is Very Bad.
To deal with this there are two macros that are defined to handle
the problem.
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp) will figure out if the stack
anchor needs setting and, if so, will set it. It must *always*
come immediately after the last variable declared in the block
making the calls into the interpreter, as it declares a variable
and has some code.
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp) will put the stack anchor back to
the way it was, and should always be the last statement before a
return. (If you have multiple returns have it in multiple times)
Not doing this is a good way to introduce bizarre heisenbugs, so
just do it. This is the only place they ought to have to be put
in, and most of the functions are already written, so it's not
like it's an onerous requirement.
*/
#include "parrot/parrot.h"
#include "parrot/extend.h"
#include "pmc/pmc_sub.h"
#include "pmc/pmc_callcontext.h"
/* HEADERIZER HFILE: include/parrot/extend.h */
/*
=item C<int Parrot_vfprintf(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC pio, const char *s,
va_list args)>
Writes a C string format with a varargs list to a PIO.
=item C<int Parrot_fprintf(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC pio, const char *s, ...)>
Writes a C string format with varargs to a PIO.
=item C<int Parrot_printf(NULLOK_INTERP, const char *s, ...)>
Writes a C string format with varargs to C<stdout>.
=item C<int Parrot_eprintf(NULLOK_INTERP, const char *s, ...)>
Writes a C string format with varargs to C<stderr>.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
int
Parrot_vfprintf(PARROT_INTERP, ARGIN(Parrot_PMC pio),
ARGIN(const char *s), va_list args)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_vfprintf)
STRING * str;
INTVAL retval;
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
str = Parrot_vsprintf_c(interp, s, args);
retval = Parrot_io_putps(interp, pio, str);
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
return retval;
}
PARROT_EXPORT
int
Parrot_fprintf(PARROT_INTERP, ARGIN(Parrot_PMC pio),
ARGIN(const char *s), ...)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_fprintf)
va_list args;
INTVAL retval;
va_start(args, s);
retval = Parrot_vfprintf(interp, pio, s, args);
va_end(args);
return retval;
}
PARROT_EXPORT
int
Parrot_printf(NULLOK_INTERP, ARGIN(const char *s), ...)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_printf)
va_list args;
INTVAL retval;
va_start(args, s);
if (interp) {
retval = Parrot_vfprintf(interp, Parrot_io_STDOUT(interp), s, args);
}
else {
/* Be nice about this...
** XXX BD Should this use the default Parrot_io_STDOUT or something?
*/
retval = vfprintf(stdout, s, args);
}
va_end(args);
return retval;
}
PARROT_EXPORT
int
Parrot_eprintf(NULLOK_INTERP, ARGIN(const char *s), ...)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_eprintf)
va_list args;
INTVAL retval;
va_start(args, s);
if (interp) {
retval = Parrot_vfprintf(interp, Parrot_io_STDERR(interp), s, args);
}
else {
/* Be nice about this...
** XXX BD Should this use the default Parrot_io_STDOUT or something?
*/
retval=vfprintf(stderr, s, args);
}
va_end(args);
return retval;
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_PMC Parrot_get_root_namespace(PARROT_INTERP)>
Return the root namespace
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
Parrot_PMC
Parrot_get_root_namespace(PARROT_INTERP)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_get_root_namespace)
return interp->root_namespace;
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_PMC Parrot_PMC_new(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int type)>
Create and return a new PMC.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
Parrot_PMC
Parrot_PMC_new(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int type)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_PMC_new)
Parrot_PMC newpmc;
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
newpmc = Parrot_pmc_new_noinit(interp, type);
VTABLE_init(interp, newpmc);
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
return newpmc;
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_Int Parrot_PMC_typenum(PARROT_INTERP, const char *_class)>
Returns the internal identifier that represents the named class.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
Parrot_Int
Parrot_PMC_typenum(PARROT_INTERP, ARGIN_NULLOK(const char *_class))
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_PMC_typenum)
Parrot_Int retval;
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
retval = Parrot_pmc_get_type_str(interp, Parrot_str_new(interp, _class, 0));
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
return retval;
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_PMC Parrot_PMC_null(void)>
Returns the special C<NULL> PMC.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
Parrot_PMC
Parrot_PMC_null(void)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_PMC_null)
return PMCNULL;
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_free_cstring(char *string)>
Deallocate a C string that the interpreter has handed to you.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_free_cstring(ARGFREE(char *string))
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_free_cstring)
Parrot_str_free_cstring(string);
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_ext_call(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC sub_pmc, const char
*signature, ...)>
Call a Parrot subroutine or method with the given function signature. The
function signature holds one type character for each argument or return, these
are:
I ... Parrot_Int
N ... Parrot_Float
S ... Parrot_String
P ... Parrot_PMC
Returns come after the arguments, separated by an arrow, so "PN->S" takes a PMC
and a float as arguments and returns a string.
Pass the variables for the arguments and returns in the same order as the
signature, with returns as reference to the variable (so it can be modified).
Parrot_ext_call(interp, sub, "P->S", pmc_arg, &string_result);
To call a method, pass the object for the method as the first argument, and
mark it in the signature as "Pi" ("i" stands for "invocant").
Parrot_ext_call(interp, sub, "PiP->S", object_arg, pmc_arg, &string_result);
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_ext_call(PARROT_INTERP, ARGIN(Parrot_PMC sub_pmc),
ARGIN(const char *signature), ...)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_ext_call)
va_list args;
PMC *call_obj;
const char *arg_sig, *ret_sig;
PMC * const old_call_obj = Parrot_pcc_get_signature(interp,
CURRENT_CONTEXT(interp));
Parrot_pcc_split_signature_string(signature, &arg_sig, &ret_sig);
va_start(args, signature);
call_obj = Parrot_pcc_build_call_from_varargs(interp, PMCNULL,
arg_sig, &args);
Parrot_pcc_invoke_from_sig_object(interp, sub_pmc, call_obj);
call_obj = Parrot_pcc_get_signature(interp, CURRENT_CONTEXT(interp));
Parrot_pcc_fill_params_from_varargs(interp, call_obj, ret_sig, &args,
PARROT_ERRORS_RESULT_COUNT_FLAG);
va_end(args);
Parrot_pcc_set_signature(interp, CURRENT_CONTEXT(interp), old_call_obj);
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_Int Parrot_get_intreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)>
Return the value of an integer register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
Parrot_Int
Parrot_get_intreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_get_intreg)
return REG_INT(interp, regnum);
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_Float Parrot_get_numreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)>
Return the value of a numeric register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
Parrot_Float
Parrot_get_numreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_get_numreg)
return REG_NUM(interp, regnum);
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_String Parrot_get_strreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)>
Return the value of a string register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
Parrot_String
Parrot_get_strreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_get_strreg)
return REG_STR(interp, regnum);
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_PMC Parrot_get_pmcreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)>
Return the value of a PMC register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
Parrot_PMC
Parrot_get_pmcreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_get_pmcreg)
return REG_PMC(interp, regnum);
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_set_intreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum, Parrot_Int
value)>
Set the value of an I register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_set_intreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum,
Parrot_Int value)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_set_intreg)
REG_INT(interp, regnum) = value;
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_set_numreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum, Parrot_Float
value)>
Set the value of an N register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_set_numreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum,
Parrot_Float value)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_set_numreg)
REG_NUM(interp, regnum) = value;
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_set_strreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum, Parrot_String
value)>
Set the value of an S register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_set_strreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum,
Parrot_String value)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_set_strreg)
REG_STR(interp, regnum) = value;
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_set_pmcreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum, Parrot_PMC
value)>
Set the value of a P register.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_set_pmcreg(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_Int regnum,
Parrot_PMC value)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_set_pmcreg)
REG_PMC(interp, regnum) = value;
}
/*=for api extend Parrot_new_string
*
*/
/*
=item C<Parrot_String Parrot_new_string(PARROT_INTERP, const char *buffer,
Parrot_UInt length, const char * const encoding_name, Parrot_UInt flags)>
Create a new Parrot string from a passed-in buffer. Pass in a 0 for
flags for right now.
A copy of the buffer is made.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT
PARROT_CANNOT_RETURN_NULL
Parrot_String
Parrot_new_string(PARROT_INTERP, ARGIN_NULLOK(const char *buffer),
Parrot_UInt length, ARGIN_NULLOK(const char * const encoding_name),
Parrot_UInt flags)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_new_string)
Parrot_String retval;
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
retval = string_make(interp, buffer, length, encoding_name, flags);
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
return retval;
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_Language Parrot_find_language(PARROT_INTERP, const char
*language)>
Find the magic language token for a language, by language name.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
PARROT_PURE_FUNCTION
PARROT_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT
Parrot_Language
Parrot_find_language(SHIM_INTERP, SHIM(const char *language))
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_find_language)
return 0;
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_register_pmc(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC pmc)>
Add a reference of the PMC to the interpreter's GC registry. This prevents PMCs
only known to extension from getting destroyed during GC runs.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_register_pmc(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC pmc)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_register_pmc)
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
Parrot_pmc_gc_register(interp, pmc);
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
}
/*
=item C<void Parrot_unregister_pmc(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC pmc)>
Remove a reference of the PMC from the interpreter's GC registry. If the
reference count reaches zero, the PMC will be destroyed during the next GC run.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
void
Parrot_unregister_pmc(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC pmc)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_unregister_pmc)
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
Parrot_pmc_gc_unregister(interp, pmc);
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_PMC Parrot_sub_new_from_c_func(PARROT_INTERP, void (*func(void)),
const char * signature)>
Returns a PMC sub wrapper for a c function.
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
Parrot_PMC
Parrot_sub_new_from_c_func(PARROT_INTERP,
ARGIN(void (*func)(void)), ARGIN(const char * signature))
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_sub_new_from_c_func)
Parrot_String sig = Parrot_new_string(interp, signature, strlen(signature),
(char *) NULL, 0);
Parrot_PMC sub = Parrot_pmc_new(interp, enum_class_NCI);
VTABLE_set_pointer_keyed_str(interp, sub, sig, F2DPTR(func));
return sub;
}
/*
=item C<Parrot_PMC Parrot_PMC_newclass(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC classtype)>
Create a class with the type given
=cut
*/
PARROT_EXPORT
Parrot_PMC
Parrot_PMC_newclass(PARROT_INTERP, Parrot_PMC classtype)
{
ASSERT_ARGS(Parrot_PMC_newclass)
Parrot_PMC result;
PARROT_CALLIN_START(interp);
result = Parrot_pmc_new_init(interp, enum_class_Class, classtype);
PARROT_CALLIN_END(interp);
return result;
}
/*
=back
=head1 SEE ALSO
See F<include/parrot/extend.h> and F<docs/pdds/pdd11_extending.pod>.
=head1 HISTORY
Initial version by Dan Sugalski.
=cut
*/
/*
* Local variables:
* c-file-style: "parrot"
* End:
* vim: expandtab shiftwidth=4:
*/
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