Property-based testing library for Elixir (QuickCheck style).
Elixir

README.md

ExCheck Build Status Coverage Status Inline docs

Property-based testing for Elixir (QuickCheck style). It uses Erlang's triq library for underlying checking engine, and ExCheck's modules provide wrapper macros for ExUnit tests.

Note: as of v0.5, triqng/triq is applied for fixing the issue #30.

Installation

First add ExCheck and triq to your project's dependencies in mix.exs.

  defp deps do
    [
      {:excheck, "~> 0.5", only: :test},
      {:triq, github: "triqng/triq", only: :test}
    ]
  end

You need to have erlang-eunit installed in order to build triq.

and add the following to test_helper.exs:

ExCheck.start
# ... other helper functions
ExUnit.start

Configuration

You can also specify the amount of tests that you want to run for each property by adding the following to your config.exs:

use Mix.Config
# import "#{Mix.env}.exs"  # If you want to specify different amount for each environment

# And then in this file (or different amount in each config file):
config :excheck, :number_iterations, 200

Note: This setting is not effective for ExCheck.check(module_name) at the moment (refer to #13).

Usage

The following is an testing example. ExCheck.SampleTest is the testing code for ExCheck.Sample.

Test

defmodule ExCheck.SampleTest do
  use ExUnit.Case, async: false
  use ExCheck
  alias ExCheck.Sample

  property :square do
    for_all x in int(), do: x * x >= 0
  end

  property :implies do
    for_all x in int() do
      #implies skip samples that does not satisfy the predicate. Also, it prints x when skip a sample
      implies x >= 0 do
        x >= 0
      end
    end
  end

  property :such_that do
    for_all {x, y} in such_that({xx, yy} in {int(), int()} when xx < yy) do
      x < y
    end
  end

  property :concat_list do
    for_all {xs, ys} in {list(int()), list(int())} do
      Enum.count(Sample.concat(xs, ys)) == Enum.count(xs) + Enum.count(ys)
    end
  end

  property :push_list do
    for_all {x, y} in {int(), list(int())} do
      result = Sample.push(x, y)
      Enum.at(result, 0) == x and Enum.count(result) == Enum.count(y) + 1
    end
  end

  # specify iteration count for running test
  @tag iterations: 30
  property :square_with_iteration_count do
    for_all x in int(), do: x * x >= 0
  end
end

Code

defmodule ExCheck.Sample do
  @moduledoc """
  Sample logic to be tested by ExCheck (refer to sample_test.exs for tests)
  """

  @doc "concatinate the list"
  def concat(x, y) do
    x ++ y
  end

  @doc "push element in the list"
  def push(x, y) do
    [x|y]
  end
end

Run

 mix test test/sample_test.exs
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................xxx....x.xx..xxx.x.xx.xx..x...x..x..xx.xx..xx.xx.x..x.x..x..x......x.xx............x.x..x..x...xxx..x..x..xx.x..xx.xx.x......x.xxx.xx..xx.x.x.x.xx.x.xx......xx..xxxx..x....xxx.xxxxx.xxxxx..xx...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Finished in 0.2 seconds (0.1s on load, 0.08s on tests)
948 tests, 0 failures

You can also add the optional flag --trace to get additional output

mix test test/sample_test.exs --trace

ExCheck.SampleTest
  * implies_property........xx.x.x..x..xx.xxx..x.x.x.x..x..x..xx....x.x.xx.xxxxxx..xx...x...xx.x...x.x..xxxxx..x...x......xxxxx.x.x..xxx.x..x.xx..xx..xxxx.x.x..xx.......x..xx.xx...x...x...xxx.xxx.x.xx.xx  * implies_property (14.7ms)
  * square_property........................................................................................................................................................................................  * square_property (4.1ms)
  * push_list_property.....................................................................................................................................................................................  * push_list_property (14.7ms)
  * square_with_iteration_count_property (0.7ms)......................
  * such_that_property.....................................................................................................................................................................................  * such_that_property (4.8ms)
  * concat_list_property...................................................................................................................................................................................  * concat_list_property (25.4ms)


Finished in 0.1 seconds (0.1s on load, 0.06s on tests)
942 tests, 0 failures

There are some more examples at test directory.

Generators

The following generators defined in :triq are imported through "use ExCheck" statement.

  • list/1, tuple/1, int/0, int/1, int/2, byte/0, real/0, sized/1, elements/1, any/0, atom/0, atom/1, choose/2, oneof/1, frequency/1, bool/0, char/0, return/1, vector/2, binary/1, binary/0, non_empty/1, resize/2, non_neg_integer/0, pos_integer/0,
  • unicode_char/0, unicode_string/0, unicode_string/1, unicode_binary/0, unicode_binary/1, unicode_binary/2, unicode_characters/0, unicode_characters/1,
  • bind/2, bindshrink/2, suchthat/2, pick/2, shrink/2, sample/1, sampleshrink/1, seal/1, open/1, peek/1, domain/3, shrink_without_duplicates/1

Notes

  • It's a trial implementation, and has limited functionalities yet.
  • Files in test folder contains some more property examples.