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Bitrix infrastructure as a code Build Status PHP Build Status Pull Status

This repository contains infrastructure code behind Bitrix-based site of my father's metal decking business operating in multiple cities.

It's a Bitrix website completely enclosed within docker-compose to be as portable and maintainable as possible, and a set of scripts around its maintenance like dev site redeploy or production site backup.

Is it fast?

You bet! Here is a performance on Yandex.Cloud server with Intel Cascade Lake 8 vCPUs, 16Gb of RAM and 120Gb SSD 4000 read\write IOPS and 60Mb/s bandwidth.


How to make use of it

You couldn't use it as-is without alterations. However, I tried to make everything as generic as possible to make adoption for another project easy. To use it, read through docker-compose.yml and then read the rest of this Readme.

After you make adjustments to configuration and docker-compose.yml, run it as follows:

docker-compose up --build -d

bitrixdock (Russian) project was an inspiration for this one and had way better setup instructions. Please start with it if you don't know what to do with many files in that repo.

File system permissions

All files touched by MySQL use UID/GID 1001, and PHP and Nginx use UID/GID 1000. Running scripts/ script would set the permissions appropriately for all containers to run correctly.

It might be easier to switch everything to User and Group 1000 for consistency later.

Relevant parts of Bitrix config

Documentation: sessions 1 2 (ru 1, 2), cache (ru)

define('BX_CRONTAB_SUPPORT', true);

define("BX_USE_MYSQLI", true);
define("DBPersistent", true);
define("DELAY_DB_CONNECT", true);
$DBType = "mysql";
$DBHost = "localhost";
$DBName = "<DBNAME>";
$DBLogin = "<DBUSER>";
$DBPassword = "<DBPASSWORD>";

define("BX_CACHE_TYPE", "memcache");
define("BX_CACHE_SID", $_SERVER["DOCUMENT_ROOT"]."#01");
define("BX_MEMCACHE_HOST", "memcached");
define("BX_MEMCACHE_PORT", "11211");
  'session' => array (
  'value' =>
  array (
    'mode' => 'separated',
    'lifetime' => 14400,
    'handlers' =>
    array (
      'kernel'  => 'encrypted_cookies',
      'general' =>
      array (
        'type' => 'memcache',
        'host' => 'memcached',
        'port' => '11211',
  'readonly' => true,
  'connections' =>
  array (
    'value' =>
    array (
      'default' =>
      array (
        'className' => '\\Bitrix\\Main\\DB\\MysqliConnection',
        'host' => 'localhost',
        'database' => '<DBNAME>',
        'login' => '<DBUSER>',
        'password' => '<DBPASSWORD>',
        'options' => 2.0,
    'readonly' => true,
return array(
  'cache' => array(
    'value' => array(
      'type' => 'memcache',
      'memcache' => array(
        'host' => 'memcached',
        'port' => '11211',
      'sid' => $_SERVER["DOCUMENT_ROOT"]."#01"

What's inside?


  • Nginx Image Size with brotli proxying requests to php-fpm and serving static assets directly
  • php-fpm (7 Image Size 7 8 Image Size 8 8.1 Image Size 8.1 8.2 Image Size 8.2) for bitrix with msmtp for mail sending
  • Percona MySQL Image Size because of it's monitoring capabilities
  • memcached Image Size for bitrix cache and user sessions


  • PHP cron container with same settings as PHP serving web requests
  • adminer Image Size as phpmyadmin alternative for work with MySQL
  • pure-ftpd Image Size for ftp access
  • DNSroboCert Image Size for Let's Encrypt HTTPS certificate generation
  • zabbix-agent2 Image Size for monitoring

File structure


  • cron/php-cron.cron is a list of cron tasks to run in php-cron container, only cron_events.php is required for Bitrix and others are specific to this site, must be owned by root:root and have access rights 0644 - fixable by running scripts/

  • cron/host.cron is a list of cron tasks to run on the host machine

  • mysql/my.cnf is a MySQL configuration, applied on top of package-provided my.cnf

  • nginx directory contains the build Dockerfile, as well as following (HTTPS) configuration:

    • bitrix proxy, separate for dev and prod
    • adminer proxy
    • HTTP to HTTPS redirects
    • stub status page listening on localhost for Zabbix monitoring
  • php-fpm directory contains the build Dockerfile and php configuration, applied on top of package-provided one


mysql, nginx, php logs. cron and msmtp logs will be written to the php directory.


Bunch of scripts, see their source code for purpose and comments.


Site files in directories web/prod and web/dev.


  • private/environment is a directory with environment files for docker-compose

    • private/environment/mysql.env should contain the following variables:

    • private/environment/ftp.env should contain the following variables:

    • private/environment/dnsrobocert.env should contain Yandex Cloud DNS API key for adferrand/dnsrobocert:

      # Run `yc components update` once to get the key, and `` script will renew it automatically afterwards
    • private/environment/zabbix.env should contain the following variables:


      MySQL setup if you want to use Zabbix for monitoring of the database:

      drop user if exists 'zbx_monitor'@'localhost';
      create user if not exists `zbx_monitor`@`localhost` identified by 'generate_random_password_here';
      grant process, replication client, show databases, show view on *.* to `zbx_monitor`@`localhost`;
  • private/letsencrypt directory will be filled with certificates after certbot run (see instruction below)

  • private/mysql-data directory will be filled with database data automatically after the start of mysql container

  • private/mysqld directory will contain MySQL unix socket for connections without network

  • private/msmtprc is a file with msmtp configuration

Routine operations

Disaster recovery

To start the recovery you should have a machine with the latest Ubuntu with static external IP with DDoS protection attached to it, created in the Yandex.Cloud. It should be created with 100Gb of disk space, 12Gb of RAM and 8 cores.

SSH to the machine you want to set up as a new server and then execute the following, then follow the instructions of the script:

# that is preparation for backup restoration
sudo mkdir -p /web
sudo chown $USER:$(id -g -n) /web
sudo apt-get update >/dev/null
sudo apt-get -y install git >/dev/null
git clone /web
cd /web
# backup restoration, it's safe to run it multiple times
sudo ./scripts/
Recovery of files

Presume you have a machine with problems, and you want to roll back the changes:

# restore to directory /web/prod2
# -t 2D means restore from the backup made 2 days
# last argument /web/web/prod2 is the directory to restore to, we're not restoring to the original dir
# so that you can rename it first and then rename this directory to prod
sudo HOME="/home/$(logname)" duplicity -t 2D \
    --no-encryption \
    --s3-endpoint-url \
    --log-file /web/logs/duplicity.log \
    --archive-dir /root/.cache/duplicity \
    --file-to-restore web/prod  "boto3+s3://favor-group-backup/duplicity_web_favor-group" /web/web/prod2
Cleaning (mem)cache

There are two memcached instances in use, one for site cache and another for sessions. Here are the commands to clean them completely:

# to flush site cache
echo "flush_all" | docker exec -i memcached /usr/bin/nc 11211
# to flush all user sessions
echo "flush_all" | docker exec -i memcached-sessions /usr/bin/nc 11211

Here is the complete list of commands you can send to it.

Manual certificate renewal

DNS verification of a wildcard certificate is set up automatically through CloudFlare DNS.

To renew the certificate manually, run the following command and follow the interactive prompt:

docker-compose run --rm --entrypoint "\
  certbot certonly \
    --email \
    -d -d * \
    --agree-tos \
    --manual \
    --preferred-challenges dns" certbot

To add required TXT entries, head to DNS entries page of your provider.