Mono open source ECMA CLI, C# and .NET implementation.
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This is Mono. 1. Installation 2. Using Mono 3. Directory Roadmap 1. Compilation and Installation =============================== a. Build Requirements --------------------- To build Mono, you will need the following components: * pkg-config Available from: http://www.freedesktop.org/Software/pkgconfig * glib 2.4 Available from: http://www.gtk.org/ Optional dependencies: * libgdiplus If you want to get support for System.Drawing, you will need to get Libgdiplus. b. Building the Software ------------------------ If you obtained this package as an officially released tarball, this is very simple, use configure and make: ./configure --prefix=/usr/local make make install Mono supports a JIT engine on x86, SPARC, S/390, AMD64 and PowerPC systems. If you obtained this as a snapshot, you will need an existing Mono installation. To upgrade your installation, unpack both mono and mcs: tar xzf mcs-XXXX.tar.gz tar xzf mono-XXXX.tar.gz mv mono-XXX mono mv mcs-XXX mcs cd mono ./autogen.sh --prefix=/usr/local make c. Building the software from SVN --------------------------------- If you are building the software from SVN, make sure that you have up-to-date mcs and mono sources: svn co svn+ssh://USER@mono-cvs.ximian.com/source/trunk/mono svn co svn+ssh://USER@mono-cvs.ximian.com/source/trunk/mcs Then, go into the mono directory, and configure: cd mono ./autogen.sh --prefix=/usr/local make This will automatically go into the mcs/ tree and build the binaries there. This assumes that you have a working mono installation, and that there's a C# compiler named 'mcs', and a corresponding IL runtime called 'mono'. You can use two make variables EXTERNAL_MCS and EXTERNAL_RUNTIME to override these. e.g., you can say make EXTERNAL_MCS=/foo/bar/mcs EXTERNAL_RUNTIME=/somewhere/else/mono If you don't have a working Mono installation --------------------------------------------- If you don't have a working Mono installation, an obvious choice is to install the latest released packages of 'mono' for your distribution and try from the beginning. You can also try a slightly more risky approach that should work almost all the time. This works by first getting the latest version of the 'monolite' distribution, which contains just enough to run the 'mcs' compiler. You do this with: make get-monolite-latest This will download and automatically gunzip and untar the tarball, and place the files appropriately so that you can then just run: make To ensure that you're using the 'monolite' distribution, you can also try passing EXTERNAL_MCS=false on the make command-line. Testing and Installation ------------------------ You can run (part of) the mono and mcs testsuites with the command: make check All tests should pass. If you want more extensive tests, including those that test the class libraries, you need to re-run 'configure' with the '--enable-nunit-tests' flag, and try make -k check Expect to find a few testsuite failures. As a sanity check, you can compare the failures you got with http://go-mono.com/tests/displayTestResults.php You can now install mono with: make install Failure to follow these steps may result in a broken installation. 2. Using Mono ============= Once you have installed the software, you can run a few programs: * runtime engine mono program.exe or mint program.exe * C# compiler mcs program.cs * CIL Disassembler monodis program.exe See the man pages for mono(1), mint(1), monodis(1) and mcs(2) for further details. 3. Directory Roadmap ==================== doc/ Contains the web site contents. docs/ Technical documents about the Mono runtime. data/ Configuration files installed as part of the Mono runtime. mono/ The core of the Mono Runtime. metadata/ The object system and metadata reader. jit/ The Just in Time Compiler. dis/ CIL executable Disassembler cli/ Common code for the JIT and the interpreter. io-layer/ The I/O layer and system abstraction for emulating the .NET IO model. cil/ Common Intermediate Representation, XML definition of the CIL bytecodes. interp/ Interpreter for CLI executables. arch/ Architecture specific portions. man/ Manual pages for the various Mono commands and programs. scripts/ Scripts used to invoke Mono and the corresponding program. runtime/ A directory that contains the Makefiles that link the mono/ and mcs/ build systems.