Haskell-Hadoop is a simple Haskell interface to Hadoop Streaming jobs.
To install the library, run
cabal install. The library will be
If you prefer, you can use Setup.hs for more control.
runghc Setup.hs --help for more details.
The programmer writes the map and reduce functions, and Haskell-Hadoop takes care of the rest.
The map and reduce functions must conform to the signatures given below.
type Map = String -> [String] type Reduce = String -> [String] -> [String]
Note that the interface deals entirely in strings; it is up to the programmer to parse input from the strings and convert output to strings.
The first stage of the MapReduce job is map. The map function takes a single record and returns zero or more strings as output. These strings become records for the reduce job and may be key-value pairs separated by the tab character.
myMapper :: Map myMapper record = [word ++ " 1" | word <- words record]
The second stage is sort, which groups records by key. This is handled by Hadoop.
The third stage is reduce. For each key group, the reduce function is called with two arguments. The first is the key (as a string), and the second is a list of the values in that group as strings.
myReducer :: Reduce myReducer key values = [key ++ " " ++ (show $ sum $ (map read) values)]
Running with Hadoop
To run the program with Hadoop, use the streaming jar and use the compiled
program as the mapper and reducer with the
/path-to-hadoop/bin/hadoop jar /path-to-hadoop/contrib/streaming/hadoop-[version]-streaming.jar -input /path-to-input/ -output /path-to-output/ -mapper "/path-to-mapreduce/mapreduce-program -m" -reducer "/path-to-mapreduce/mapreduce-program -r"
Haskell-Hadoop assumes that the tab character (\t) is used to separate keys and values, and that the newline character is used to separate records. These are the same defaults used by Hadoop Streaming.