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README.md

Yii2 Materialized Path Behavior

Implementation of materialized path algorithm for storing the trees in DB tables.

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Install

Install via Composer:

composer require paulzi/yii2-materialized-path

or add

"paulzi/yii2-materialized-path" : "^2.1"

to the require section of your composer.json file.

Migrations example

Single tree migration:

class m150828_150000_single_tree extends Migration
{
    public function up()
    {
        $tableOptions = null;
        if ($this->db->driverName === 'mysql') {
            // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/766809/whats-the-difference-between-utf8-general-ci-and-utf8-unicode-ci
            $tableOptions = 'CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci ENGINE=InnoDB';
        }
        $this->createTable('{{%single_tree}}', [
            'id'    => Schema::TYPE_PK,
            'path'  => Schema::TYPE_STRING . ' NULL',
            'depth' => Schema::TYPE_INTEGER . ' NOT NULL',
            'sort'  => Schema::TYPE_INTEGER . ' NOT NULL',
            'name'  => Schema::TYPE_STRING . ' NOT NULL', // example field
        ], $tableOptions);
        $this->createIndex('path', '{{%single_tree}}', ['path']);
    }
}

Multiple tree migration:

class m150828_150100_multiple_tree extends Migration
{
    public function up()
    {
        $tableOptions = null;
        if ($this->db->driverName === 'mysql') {
            // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/766809/whats-the-difference-between-utf8-general-ci-and-utf8-unicode-ci
            $tableOptions = 'CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci ENGINE=InnoDB';
        }
        $this->createTable('{{%multiple_tree}}', [
            'id'    => Schema::TYPE_PK,
            'tree'  => Schema::TYPE_INTEGER . ' NULL',
            'path'  => Schema::TYPE_STRING . ' NULL',
            'depth' => Schema::TYPE_INTEGER . ' NOT NULL',
            'sort'  => Schema::TYPE_INTEGER . ' NOT NULL',
            'name'  => Schema::TYPE_STRING . ' NOT NULL', // example field
        ], $tableOptions);
        $this->createIndex('path', '{{%multiple_tree}}', ['tree', 'path']);
    }
}

Configuring

use paulzi\materializedPath\MaterializedPathBehavior;

class Sample extends \yii\db\ActiveRecord
{
    public function behaviors() {
        return [
            [
                'class' => MaterializedPathBehavior::className(),
                // 'treeAttribute' => 'tree',
            ],
        ];
    }

    public function transactions()
    {
        return [
            self::SCENARIO_DEFAULT => self::OP_ALL,
        ];
    }
}

Optional you can setup Query for finding roots:

class Sample extends \yii\db\ActiveRecord
{
    public static function find()
    {
        return new SampleQuery(get_called_class());
    }
}

Query class:

use paulzi\materializedPath\MaterializedPathQueryTrait;

class SampleQuery extends \yii\db\ActiveQuery
{
    use MaterializedPathQueryTrait;
}

Sortable Behavior

This behavior attach SortableBehavior. You can use its methods (for example, reorder()).

Options

  • $pathAttribute = 'path' - setup path attribute in table schema.
  • $depthAttribute = 'depth' - setup depth attribute in table schema.
  • $itemAttribute = null - setup item attribute in table schema for get path path, if the value is not set - using the primary key.
  • $treeAttribute = null - setup tree attribute for multiple tree, when item attribute is not primary key.
  • $sortable = [] - SortableBehavior settings - see paulzi/yii2-sortable.
  • $delimiter = '/' - delimiter of path items.
  • $rootDepthValue = 0 - setup value of $depthAttribute for root nodes.

Usage

Selection

Getting the root nodes

If you connect MaterializedPathQueryTrait, you can get all the root nodes:

$roots = Sample::find()->roots()->all();

Getting ancestors of a node

To get ancestors of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$parents = $node11->parents; // via relation
$parents = $node11->getParents()->all(); // via query
$parents = $node11->getParents(2)->all(); // get 2 levels of ancestors

To get parent of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$parent = $node11->parent; // via relation
$parent = $node11->getParent()->one(); // via query

To get root of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$root = $node11->root; // via relation
$root = $node11->getRoot()->one(); // via query

Getting descendants of a node

To get all the descendants of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$descendants = $node11->descendants; // via relation
$descendants = $node11->getDescendants()->all(); // via query
$descendants = $node11->getDescendants(2, true)->all(); // get 2 levels of descendants and self node

To populate children relations for self and descendants of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$tree = $node11->populateTree(); // populate all levels
$tree = $node11->populateTree(2); // populate 2 levels of descendants

To get the children of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$children = $node11->children; // via relation
$children = $node11->getChildren()->all(); // via query

Getting the leaves nodes

To get all the leaves of a node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$leaves = $node11->leaves; // via relation
$leaves = $node11->getLeaves(2)->all(); // get 2 levels of leaves via query

Getting the neighbors nodes

To get the next node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$next = $node11->next; // via relation
$next = $node11->getNext()->one(); // via query

To get the previous node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$prev = $node11->prev; // via relation
$prev = $node11->getPrev()->one(); // via query

Some checks

$node1 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1']);
$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$node11->isRoot() - return true, if node is root
$node11->isLeaf() - return true, if node is leaf
$node11->isChildOf($node1) - return true, if node11 is child of $node1

Modifications

To make a root node:

$node11 = new Sample();
$node11->name = 'node 1.1';
$node11->makeRoot()->save();

Note: if you allow multiple trees and attribute tree is not set, it automatically takes the primary key value.

To prepend a node as the first child of another node:

$node1 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1']);
$node11 = new Sample();
$node11->name = 'node 1.1';
$node11->prependTo($node1)->save(); // inserting new node

To append a node as the last child of another node:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$node12 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.2']);
$node12->appendTo($node11)->save(); // move existing node

To insert a node before another node:

$node13 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.3']);
$node12 = new Sample();
$node12->name = 'node 1.2';
$node12->insertBefore($node13)->save(); // inserting new node

To insert a node after another node:

$node13 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.3']);
$node14 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.4']);
$node14->insertAfter($node13)->save(); // move existing node

To delete a node with descendants:

$node11 = Sample::findOne(['name' => 'node 1.1']);
$node11->delete(); // delete node, children come up to the parent
$node11->deleteWithChildren(); // delete node and all descendants 

Reorder children:

$model = Sample::findOne(1);
$model->reorderChildren(true); // reorder with center zero
$model = Sample::findOne(2);
$model->reorderChildren(false); // reorder from zero

Updating from 1.x to 2.x

  1. Move attributes sortAttribute, step into sortable attribute.
  2. Change namespace from paulzi\materializedpath to paulzi\materializedPath.
  3. Include paulzi\yii2-sortable (composer update).

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Materialized Path Behavior for Yii2

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