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Behat Documentation

Behat is an open source behavior driven development framework for PHP 5.3 & 5.4. What's behavior driven development you ask? It's the idea that you start by writing human-readable sentences that describe a feature of your application and how it should work.

For example, imagine you're about to create the famous UNIX ls command. Before you begin, you describe how the feature should work:

Feature: ls
  In order to see the directory structure
  As a UNIX user
  I need to be able to list the current directory's contents

  Scenario:
    Given I am in a directory "test"
    And I have a file named "foo"
    And I have a file named "bar"
    When I run "ls"
    Then I should get:
      """
      bar
      foo
      """

As a developer, your work is done as soon as you've made the ls command behave as described in the Scenario.

Now, wouldn't it be cool if something could read this sentence and use it to actually run a test against the ls command? Hey, that's exactly what Behat does! As you'll see, Behat is easy to learn, quick to use, and will put the fun back into your testing.

Note

Behat was inspired by Ruby’s Cucumber project, especially its syntax (called Gherkin).

Quick Intro

To become Behat'er in 20 minutes, just dive into the quick-start guide and enjoy!

.. toctree::
    :maxdepth: 2

    quick_intro

Guides

Learn Behat with the topical guides:

.. toctree::
    :maxdepth: 1

    guides/1.gherkin
    guides/2.definitions
    guides/3.hooks
    guides/4.context
    guides/5.closures
    guides/6.cli
    guides/7.config

Cookbook

Learn specific solutions for specific needs:

.. toctree::
    :maxdepth: 1

    cookbook/behat_and_mink
    cookbook/migrate_from_1x_to_20

Useful Resources

Other useful resources for learning/using Behat:

More about Behavior Driven Development

Once you're up and running with Behat, you can learn more about behavioral driven development via the following links. Though both tutorials are specific to Cucumber, Behat shares a lot with Cucumber and the philosophies are one and the same.