Ruby Interface for Amazon's Route 53
This interface can either be used as a command line tool or as a library from within your existing ruby project. It provides a way to interact with Amazon's Route 53 service.
Costs & Impact
At the time of this writing Amazon charges $1/zone/month. This includes zones that have been created and deleted and then recreated outside of the normal 12 hour grace period. The creator of this gem is not responsible for costs incurred while using this interface or unexpected oepration or bugs which may incur a cost for the user. The creator is also not responsible for any downtime incurred or disruption in service from the usage of this tool. DNS can be a tricky thing, be careful and always make sure you have a backup of your zone prior to mucking around with it. (route53 -l example.com.)
Installing the Gem
sudo gem install route53
Ubuntu with precompiled dependencies
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install ruby rubygems libopenssl-ruby libhmac-ruby libbuilder-ruby libhpricot-ruby sudo gem install route53 --ignore-dependencies /var/lib/gems/1.X/gems/route53-W.Y.Z/bin/route53 #When working with the library and using this method you may need to require the library manually require '/var/lib/gems/1.X/gems/route53-W.Y.Z/lib/route53'
Ubuntu with building dependencies
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install ruby rubygems ruby-dev build-essential libopenssl-ruby sudo gem install route53 /var/lib/gems/1.X/bin/route53
The first time you run the gem in command line mode you'll be prompted to setup. You'll want to have your Amazon access and secret key ready.
You've either elected to run the setup or a configuration file could not be found. Please answer the following prompts. Amazon Access Key:  Amazon Secret Key:  Amazon Route 53 API Version: [2011-05-05] Amazon Route 53 Endpoint: [https://route53.amazonaws.com/] Default TTL:  Save the configuration file to "~/.route53"?: [Y]
Command Line Options
Usage: route53 [options] -v, --version Print Version Information -h, --help Show this message -V, --verbose Verbose Output -l, --list [ZONE] Receive a list of all zones or specify a zone to view -n, --new [ZONE] Create a new Zone -d, --delete [ZONE] Delete a Zone -z, --zone [ZONE] Specify a zone to perform an operation on. Either in 'example.com.' or '/hostedzone/XXX' format -c, --create Create a new record -r, --remove Remove a record -g, --change Change a record --name [NAME] Specify a name for a record --type [TYPE] Specify a type for a record --ttl [TTL] Specify a TTL for a record --weight [WEIGHT] Specify a Weight for a record --ident [IDENTIFIER] Specify a unique identifier for a record --values [VALUE1],[VALUE2],[VALUE3] Specify one or multiple values for a record --zone-apex-id [ZONE_APEX_ID] Specify a zone apex if for the record -m, --comment [COMMENT] Provide a comment for this operation --no-wait Do not wait for actions to finish syncing. -s, --setup Run the setup ptogram to create your configuration file. -f, --file [CONFIGFILE] Specify a configuration file to use --access [ACCESSKEY] Specify an access key on the command line. --secret [SECRETKEY] Specify a secret key on the command line. WARNING: Not a good idea --no-upgrade Do not automatically upgrade the route53 api spec for this version.
Command Line Usage
Once route53 is installed, started and has been setup you're ready to start. You can use the following examples to get started.
#Creating a new zone route53 -n example.com. #List Operations route53 -l #Get all zones for this account route53 -l example.com. #Get all records for this account within the zone example.com. #Create a new record within our newly created zone. route53 --zone example.com. -c --name foo.example.com. --type CNAME --ttl 3600 --values example.com. #New MX Record for a Google Apps hosted domain route53 --zone example.com. -c --name example.com. --type MX --ttl 3600 \ --values "10 ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.com.","20 ALT1.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.com.","30 ALT2.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.com.","40 ASPMX2.GOOGLEMAIL.com.","50 ASPMX3.GOOGLEMAIL.com." #Update the TTL of a record (Leave values nil to leave them alone) #You'll be prompted to select the record from a list. #If updating values for a record, make sure to includ all other values. Otherwise they will be dropped route53 --zone example.com. -g --ttl 600 #Creating a record that corresponds to an Amazon ELB (zone apex support) route53 --zone example.com. -c --name example. --zone-apex-id Z3DZXE0XXXXXXX --type A --values my-load-balancer-XXXXXXX.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com #Creating weighted record sets route53 example.com. -c --name www.example.com. --weight 15 --ident "75 percent of traffic to pool1" --type CNAME --values pool1.example.com. route53 example.com. -c --name www.example.com. --weight 5 --ident "25 percent of traffic to pool2" --type CNAME --values pool2.example.com. #Creating a wildcard domain route53 example.com. -c --name *.example.com --type CNAME --values pool1.example.com. #Deleting a zone - First remove all records except the NS and SOA record. Then delete the zone. route53 --zone example.com. -r route53 -d example.com.
If you're using this as a library for your own ruby project you can load it and perform operations by using the following examples.
require 'route53' #Creating a Connection object conn = Route53::Connection.new(my_access_key,my_secret_key) #opens connection #Creating a new zone and working with responses new_zone = Route53::Zone.new("example.com.",nil,conn) #Create a new zone "example.com." resp = new_zone.create_zone #Creates a new zone exit 1 if resp.error? #Exit if there was an error. The AWSResponse Class automatically prints out error messages to STDERR. while resp.pending? #Waits for response to sync on Amazon's servers. sleep 1 #If you'll be performing operations on this newly created zone you'll probably want to wait. end #List Operations zones = conn.get_zones #Requests list of all zones for this account records = zones.first.get_records #Gets list of all records for a specific zone #Create a new record within our newly created zone. new_record = Route53::DNSRecord.new("foo.example.com.","CNAME","3600",["example.com."],new_zone) resp = new_record.create #New MX Record for a Google Apps hosted domain new_mx_record = Route53::DNSRecord.new("example.com.","MX","3600", ["10 ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.com.", "20 ALT1.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.com.", "30 ALT2.ASPMX.L.GOOGLE.com.", "40 ASPMX2.GOOGLEMAIL.com.", "50 ASPMX3.GOOGLEMAIL.com."], new_zone) resp = new_mx_record.create #Update the TTL of a record (Leave values nil to leave them alone) #If updating values for a record, make sure to includ all other values. Otherwise they will be dropped resp = new_record.update(nil,nil,"600",nil) #Deleting a zone #A zone can't be deleted until all of it's records have been deleted (Except for 1 NS record and 1 SOA record) new_zone.get_records.each do |record| unless record.type == 'NS' || record.type == 'SOA' record.delete end end new_zone.delete_zone
Written with Ruby 1.9.2 on an Ubuntu Linux machine. Smoke tested on an Ubuntu Linux machine with Ruby 1.8.7.
Amazon AWS account with Route 53 opted into - See the signup link at http://aws.amazon.com/route53/ ruby openssl support ruby-hmac hpricot builder
Support and Bugs
This ruby interface for Amazon's Route 53 service was created by Philip Corliss (email@example.com) 50projects.com. You can find more information on him and 50projects at http://blog.50projects.com
Ruby Route 53 is licensed under the GPL. See the LICENSE file for details.