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/*
* FTDI FT232BM Device emulation
*
* Copyright (c) 2006 CodeSourcery.
* Copyright (c) 2008 Samuel Thibault <samuel.thibault@ens-lyon.org>
* Written by Paul Brook, reused for FTDI by Samuel Thibault
*
* This code is licenced under the LGPL.
*/
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "usb.h"
#include "qemu-char.h"
//#define DEBUG_Serial
#ifdef DEBUG_Serial
#define DPRINTF(fmt, args...) \
do { printf("usb-serial: " fmt , ##args); } while (0)
#else
#define DPRINTF(fmt, args...) do {} while(0)
#endif
#define RECV_BUF 384
/* Commands */
#define FTDI_RESET 0
#define FTDI_SET_MDM_CTRL 1
#define FTDI_SET_FLOW_CTRL 2
#define FTDI_SET_BAUD 3
#define FTDI_SET_DATA 4
#define FTDI_GET_MDM_ST 5
#define FTDI_SET_EVENT_CHR 6
#define FTDI_SET_ERROR_CHR 7
#define FTDI_SET_LATENCY 9
#define FTDI_GET_LATENCY 10
#define DeviceOutVendor ((USB_DIR_OUT|USB_TYPE_VENDOR|USB_RECIP_DEVICE)<<8)
#define DeviceInVendor ((USB_DIR_IN |USB_TYPE_VENDOR|USB_RECIP_DEVICE)<<8)
/* RESET */
#define FTDI_RESET_SIO 0
#define FTDI_RESET_RX 1
#define FTDI_RESET_TX 2
/* SET_MDM_CTRL */
#define FTDI_DTR 1
#define FTDI_SET_DTR (FTDI_DTR << 8)
#define FTDI_RTS 2
#define FTDI_SET_RTS (FTDI_RTS << 8)
/* SET_FLOW_CTRL */
#define FTDI_RTS_CTS_HS 1
#define FTDI_DTR_DSR_HS 2
#define FTDI_XON_XOFF_HS 4
/* SET_DATA */
#define FTDI_PARITY (0x7 << 8)
#define FTDI_ODD (0x1 << 8)
#define FTDI_EVEN (0x2 << 8)
#define FTDI_MARK (0x3 << 8)
#define FTDI_SPACE (0x4 << 8)
#define FTDI_STOP (0x3 << 11)
#define FTDI_STOP1 (0x0 << 11)
#define FTDI_STOP15 (0x1 << 11)
#define FTDI_STOP2 (0x2 << 11)
/* GET_MDM_ST */
/* TODO: should be sent every 40ms */
#define FTDI_CTS (1<<4) // CTS line status
#define FTDI_DSR (1<<5) // DSR line status
#define FTDI_RI (1<<6) // RI line status
#define FTDI_RLSD (1<<7) // Receive Line Signal Detect
/* Status */
#define FTDI_DR (1<<0) // Data Ready
#define FTDI_OE (1<<1) // Overrun Err
#define FTDI_PE (1<<2) // Parity Err
#define FTDI_FE (1<<3) // Framing Err
#define FTDI_BI (1<<4) // Break Interrupt
#define FTDI_THRE (1<<5) // Transmitter Holding Register
#define FTDI_TEMT (1<<6) // Transmitter Empty
#define FTDI_FIFO (1<<7) // Error in FIFO
typedef struct {
USBDevice dev;
uint16_t vendorid;
uint16_t productid;
uint8_t recv_buf[RECV_BUF];
uint16_t recv_ptr;
uint16_t recv_used;
uint8_t event_chr;
uint8_t error_chr;
uint8_t event_trigger;
QEMUSerialSetParams params;
int latency; /* ms */
CharDriverState *cs;
} USBSerialState;
static const uint8_t qemu_serial_dev_descriptor[] = {
0x12, /* u8 bLength; */
0x01, /* u8 bDescriptorType; Device */
0x00, 0x02, /* u16 bcdUSB; v2.0 */
0x00, /* u8 bDeviceClass; */
0x00, /* u8 bDeviceSubClass; */
0x00, /* u8 bDeviceProtocol; [ low/full speeds only ] */
0x08, /* u8 bMaxPacketSize0; 8 Bytes */
/* Vendor and product id are arbitrary. */
0x03, 0x04, /* u16 idVendor; */
0x00, 0xFF, /* u16 idProduct; */
0x00, 0x04, /* u16 bcdDevice */
0x01, /* u8 iManufacturer; */
0x02, /* u8 iProduct; */
0x03, /* u8 iSerialNumber; */
0x01 /* u8 bNumConfigurations; */
};
static const uint8_t qemu_serial_config_descriptor[] = {
/* one configuration */
0x09, /* u8 bLength; */
0x02, /* u8 bDescriptorType; Configuration */
0x20, 0x00, /* u16 wTotalLength; */
0x01, /* u8 bNumInterfaces; (1) */
0x01, /* u8 bConfigurationValue; */
0x00, /* u8 iConfiguration; */
0x80, /* u8 bmAttributes;
Bit 7: must be set,
6: Self-powered,
5: Remote wakeup,
4..0: resvd */
100/2, /* u8 MaxPower; */
/* one interface */
0x09, /* u8 if_bLength; */
0x04, /* u8 if_bDescriptorType; Interface */
0x00, /* u8 if_bInterfaceNumber; */
0x00, /* u8 if_bAlternateSetting; */
0x02, /* u8 if_bNumEndpoints; */
0xff, /* u8 if_bInterfaceClass; Vendor Specific */
0xff, /* u8 if_bInterfaceSubClass; Vendor Specific */
0xff, /* u8 if_bInterfaceProtocol; Vendor Specific */
0x02, /* u8 if_iInterface; */
/* Bulk-In endpoint */
0x07, /* u8 ep_bLength; */
0x05, /* u8 ep_bDescriptorType; Endpoint */
0x81, /* u8 ep_bEndpointAddress; IN Endpoint 1 */
0x02, /* u8 ep_bmAttributes; Bulk */
0x40, 0x00, /* u16 ep_wMaxPacketSize; */
0x00, /* u8 ep_bInterval; */
/* Bulk-Out endpoint */
0x07, /* u8 ep_bLength; */
0x05, /* u8 ep_bDescriptorType; Endpoint */
0x02, /* u8 ep_bEndpointAddress; OUT Endpoint 2 */
0x02, /* u8 ep_bmAttributes; Bulk */
0x40, 0x00, /* u16 ep_wMaxPacketSize; */
0x00 /* u8 ep_bInterval; */
};
static void usb_serial_reset(USBSerialState *s)
{
/* TODO: Set flow control to none */
s->event_chr = 0x0d;
s->event_trigger = 0;
s->recv_ptr = 0;
s->recv_used = 0;
/* TODO: purge in char driver */
}
static void usb_serial_handle_reset(USBDevice *dev)
{
USBSerialState *s = (USBSerialState *)dev;
DPRINTF("Reset\n");
usb_serial_reset(s);
/* TODO: Reset char device, send BREAK? */
}
static uint8_t usb_get_modem_lines(USBSerialState *s)
{
int flags;
uint8_t ret;
if (qemu_chr_ioctl(s->cs, CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_GET_TIOCM, &flags) == -ENOTSUP)
return FTDI_CTS|FTDI_DSR|FTDI_RLSD;
ret = 0;
if (flags & CHR_TIOCM_CTS)
ret |= FTDI_CTS;
if (flags & CHR_TIOCM_DSR)
ret |= FTDI_DSR;
if (flags & CHR_TIOCM_RI)
ret |= FTDI_RI;
if (flags & CHR_TIOCM_CAR)
ret |= FTDI_RLSD;
return ret;
}
static int usb_serial_handle_control(USBDevice *dev, int request, int value,
int index, int length, uint8_t *data)
{
USBSerialState *s = (USBSerialState *)dev;
int ret = 0;
//DPRINTF("got control %x, value %x\n",request, value);
switch (request) {
case DeviceRequest | USB_REQ_GET_STATUS:
data[0] = (0 << USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED) |
(dev->remote_wakeup << USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP);
data[1] = 0x00;
ret = 2;
break;
case DeviceOutRequest | USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE:
if (value == USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP) {
dev->remote_wakeup = 0;
} else {
goto fail;
}
ret = 0;
break;
case DeviceOutRequest | USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE:
if (value == USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP) {
dev->remote_wakeup = 1;
} else {
goto fail;
}
ret = 0;
break;
case DeviceOutRequest | USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS:
dev->addr = value;
ret = 0;
break;
case DeviceRequest | USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR:
switch(value >> 8) {
case USB_DT_DEVICE:
memcpy(data, qemu_serial_dev_descriptor,
sizeof(qemu_serial_dev_descriptor));
data[8] = s->vendorid & 0xff;
data[9] = ((s->vendorid) >> 8) & 0xff;
data[10] = s->productid & 0xff;
data[11] = ((s->productid) >> 8) & 0xff;
ret = sizeof(qemu_serial_dev_descriptor);
break;
case USB_DT_CONFIG:
memcpy(data, qemu_serial_config_descriptor,
sizeof(qemu_serial_config_descriptor));
ret = sizeof(qemu_serial_config_descriptor);
break;
case USB_DT_STRING:
switch(value & 0xff) {
case 0:
/* language ids */
data[0] = 4;
data[1] = 3;
data[2] = 0x09;
data[3] = 0x04;
ret = 4;
break;
case 1:
/* vendor description */
ret = set_usb_string(data, "QEMU " QEMU_VERSION);
break;
case 2:
/* product description */
ret = set_usb_string(data, "QEMU USB SERIAL");
break;
case 3:
/* serial number */
ret = set_usb_string(data, "1");
break;
default:
goto fail;
}
break;
default:
goto fail;
}
break;
case DeviceRequest | USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION:
data[0] = 1;
ret = 1;
break;
case DeviceOutRequest | USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION:
ret = 0;
break;
case DeviceRequest | USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE:
data[0] = 0;
ret = 1;
break;
case InterfaceOutRequest | USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE:
ret = 0;
break;
case EndpointOutRequest | USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE:
ret = 0;
break;
/* Class specific requests. */
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_RESET:
switch (value) {
case FTDI_RESET_SIO:
usb_serial_reset(s);
break;
case FTDI_RESET_RX:
s->recv_ptr = 0;
s->recv_used = 0;
/* TODO: purge from char device */
break;
case FTDI_RESET_TX:
/* TODO: purge from char device */
break;
}
break;
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_MDM_CTRL:
{
static int flags;
qemu_chr_ioctl(s->cs,CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_GET_TIOCM, &flags);
if (value & FTDI_SET_RTS) {
if (value & FTDI_RTS)
flags |= CHR_TIOCM_RTS;
else
flags &= ~CHR_TIOCM_RTS;
}
if (value & FTDI_SET_DTR) {
if (value & FTDI_DTR)
flags |= CHR_TIOCM_DTR;
else
flags &= ~CHR_TIOCM_DTR;
}
qemu_chr_ioctl(s->cs,CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_SET_TIOCM, &flags);
break;
}
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_FLOW_CTRL:
/* TODO: ioctl */
break;
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_BAUD: {
static const int subdivisors8[8] = { 0, 4, 2, 1, 3, 5, 6, 7 };
int subdivisor8 = subdivisors8[((value & 0xc000) >> 14)
| ((index & 1) << 2)];
int divisor = value & 0x3fff;
/* chip special cases */
if (divisor == 1 && subdivisor8 == 0)
subdivisor8 = 4;
if (divisor == 0 && subdivisor8 == 0)
divisor = 1;
s->params.speed = (48000000 / 2) / (8 * divisor + subdivisor8);
qemu_chr_ioctl(s->cs, CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_SET_PARAMS, &s->params);
break;
}
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_DATA:
switch (value & FTDI_PARITY) {
case 0:
s->params.parity = 'N';
break;
case FTDI_ODD:
s->params.parity = 'O';
break;
case FTDI_EVEN:
s->params.parity = 'E';
break;
default:
DPRINTF("unsupported parity %d\n", value & FTDI_PARITY);
goto fail;
}
switch (value & FTDI_STOP) {
case FTDI_STOP1:
s->params.stop_bits = 1;
break;
case FTDI_STOP2:
s->params.stop_bits = 2;
break;
default:
DPRINTF("unsupported stop bits %d\n", value & FTDI_STOP);
goto fail;
}
qemu_chr_ioctl(s->cs, CHR_IOCTL_SERIAL_SET_PARAMS, &s->params);
/* TODO: TX ON/OFF */
break;
case DeviceInVendor | FTDI_GET_MDM_ST:
data[0] = usb_get_modem_lines(s) | 1;
data[1] = 0;
ret = 2;
break;
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_EVENT_CHR:
/* TODO: handle it */
s->event_chr = value;
break;
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_ERROR_CHR:
/* TODO: handle it */
s->error_chr = value;
break;
case DeviceOutVendor | FTDI_SET_LATENCY:
s->latency = value;
break;
case DeviceInVendor | FTDI_GET_LATENCY:
data[0] = s->latency;
ret = 1;
break;
default:
fail:
DPRINTF("got unsupported/bogus control %x, value %x\n", request, value);
ret = USB_RET_STALL;
break;
}
return ret;
}
static int usb_serial_handle_data(USBDevice *dev, USBPacket *p)
{
USBSerialState *s = (USBSerialState *)dev;
int ret = 0;
uint8_t devep = p->devep;
uint8_t *data = p->data;
int len = p->len;
int first_len;
switch (p->pid) {
case USB_TOKEN_OUT:
if (devep != 2)
goto fail;
qemu_chr_write(s->cs, data, len);
break;
case USB_TOKEN_IN:
if (devep != 1)
goto fail;
first_len = RECV_BUF - s->recv_ptr;
if (len <= 2) {
ret = USB_RET_NAK;
break;
}
*data++ = usb_get_modem_lines(s) | 1;
/* We do not have the uart details */
*data++ = 0;
len -= 2;
if (len > s->recv_used)
len = s->recv_used;
if (!len) {
ret = USB_RET_NAK;
break;
}
if (first_len > len)
first_len = len;
memcpy(data, s->recv_buf + s->recv_ptr, first_len);
if (len > first_len)
memcpy(data + first_len, s->recv_buf, len - first_len);
s->recv_used -= len;
s->recv_ptr = (s->recv_ptr + len) % RECV_BUF;
ret = len + 2;
break;
default:
DPRINTF("Bad token\n");
fail:
ret = USB_RET_STALL;
break;
}
return ret;
}
static void usb_serial_handle_destroy(USBDevice *dev)
{
USBSerialState *s = (USBSerialState *)dev;
qemu_chr_close(s->cs);
qemu_free(s);
}
static int usb_serial_can_read(void *opaque)
{
USBSerialState *s = opaque;
return RECV_BUF - s->recv_used;
}
static void usb_serial_read(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
{
USBSerialState *s = opaque;
int first_size = RECV_BUF - s->recv_ptr;
if (first_size > size)
first_size = size;
memcpy(s->recv_buf + s->recv_ptr + s->recv_used, buf, first_size);
if (size > first_size)
memcpy(s->recv_buf, buf + first_size, size - first_size);
s->recv_used += size;
}
static void usb_serial_event(void *opaque, int event)
{
USBSerialState *s = opaque;
switch (event) {
case CHR_EVENT_BREAK:
/* TODO: Send Break to USB */
break;
case CHR_EVENT_FOCUS:
break;
case CHR_EVENT_RESET:
usb_serial_reset(s);
/* TODO: Reset USB port */
break;
}
}
USBDevice *usb_serial_init(const char *filename)
{
USBSerialState *s;
CharDriverState *cdrv;
unsigned short vendorid = 0x0403, productid = 0x6001;
char label[32];
static int index;
while (*filename && *filename != ':') {
const char *p;
char *e;
if (strstart(filename, "vendorid=", &p)) {
vendorid = strtol(p, &e, 16);
if (e == p || (*e && *e != ',' && *e != ':')) {
printf("bogus vendor ID %s\n", p);
return NULL;
}
filename = e;
} else if (strstart(filename, "productid=", &p)) {
productid = strtol(p, &e, 16);
if (e == p || (*e && *e != ',' && *e != ':')) {
printf("bogus product ID %s\n", p);
return NULL;
}
filename = e;
} else {
printf("unrecognized serial USB option %s\n", filename);
return NULL;
}
while(*filename == ',')
filename++;
}
if (!*filename) {
printf("character device specification needed\n");
return NULL;
}
filename++;
s = qemu_mallocz(sizeof(USBSerialState));
if (!s)
return NULL;
snprintf(label, sizeof(label), "usbserial%d", index++);
cdrv = qemu_chr_open(label, filename);
if (!cdrv)
goto fail;
s->cs = cdrv;
qemu_chr_add_handlers(cdrv, usb_serial_can_read, usb_serial_read, usb_serial_event, s);
s->dev.speed = USB_SPEED_FULL;
s->dev.handle_packet = usb_generic_handle_packet;
s->dev.handle_reset = usb_serial_handle_reset;
s->dev.handle_control = usb_serial_handle_control;
s->dev.handle_data = usb_serial_handle_data;
s->dev.handle_destroy = usb_serial_handle_destroy;
s->vendorid = vendorid;
s->productid = productid;
snprintf(s->dev.devname, sizeof(s->dev.devname), "QEMU USB Serial(%.16s)",
filename);
usb_serial_handle_reset((USBDevice *)s);
return (USBDevice *)s;
fail:
qemu_free(s);
return NULL;
}
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