Pegasus Workflow Management System
Pegasus WMS is a configurable system for mapping and executing scientific workflows over a wide range of computational infrastructures including laptops, campus clusters, supercomputers, grids, and commercial and academic clouds. Pegasus has been used to run workflows with up to 1 million tasks that process tens of terabytes of data at a time.
Pegasus WMS bridges the scientific domain and the execution environment by automatically mapping high-level workflow descriptions onto distributed resources. It automatically locates the necessary input data and computational resources required by a workflow, and plans out all of the required data transfer and job submission operations required to execute the workflow. Pegasus enables scientists to construct workflows in abstract terms without worrying about the details of the underlying execution environment or the particulars of the low-level specifications required by the middleware (Condor, Globus, Amazon EC2, etc.). In the process, Pegasus can plan and optimize the workflow to enable efficient, high-performance execution of large workflows on complex, distributed infrastructures.
Pegasus has a number of features that contribute to its usability and effectiveness:
- Portability / Reuse – User created workflows can easily be run in different environments without alteration. Pegasus currently runs workflows on top of Condor pools, Grid infrastrucutures such as Open Science Grid and XSEDE, Amazon EC2, Google Cloud, and HPC clusters. The same workflow can run on a single system or across a heterogeneous set of resources.
- Performance – The Pegasus mapper can reorder, group, and prioritize tasks in order to increase overall workflow performance.
- Scalability – Pegasus can easily scale both the size of the workflow, and the resources that the workflow is distributed over. Pegasus runs workflows ranging from just a few computational tasks up to 1 million. The number of resources involved in executing a workflow can scale as needed without any impediments to performance.
- Provenance – By default, all jobs in Pegasus are launched using the Kickstart wrapper that captures runtime provenance of the job and helps in debugging. Provenance data is collected in a database, and the data can be queried with tools such as pegasus-statistics, pegasus-plots, or directly using SQL.
- Data Management – Pegasus handles replica selection, data transfers and output registration in data catalogs. These tasks are added to a workflow as auxilliary jobs by the Pegasus planner.
- Reliability – Jobs and data transfers are automatically retried in case of failures. Debugging tools such as pegasus-analyzer help the user to debug the workflow in case of non-recoverable failures.
- Error Recovery – When errors occur, Pegasus tries to recover when possible by retrying tasks, by retrying the entire workflow, by providing workflow-level checkpointing, by re-mapping portions of the workflow, by trying alternative data sources for staging data, and, when all else fails, by providing a rescue workflow containing a description of only the work that remains to be done. It cleans up storage as the workflow is executed so that data-intensive workflows have enough space to execute on storage-constrained resources. Pegasus keeps track of what has been done (provenance) including the locations of data used and produced, and which software was used with which parameters.
You can find more information about Pegasus on the Pegasus Website.
Pegasus has an extensive User Guide that documents how to create, plan, and monitor workflows.
We recommend you start by completing the Pegasus Tutorial from Chapter 2 of the Pegasus User Guide.
The easiest way to install Pegasus is to use one of the binary packages available on the Pegasus downloads page. Consult Chapter 3 of the Pegasus User Guide for more information about installing Pegasus from binary packages.
There is documentation on the Pegasus website for the Python, Java and Perl DAX generator APIs.
There are also examples of how to configure Pegasus for different execution environments in the Pegasus User Guide.
If you need help using Pegasus, please contact us. See the [contact page] (http://pegasus.isi.edu/contact) on the Pegasus website for more information.
Building from Source
Pegasus can be compiled on any recent Linux or Mac OS X system.
In order to build Pegasus from source, make sure you have the following packages installed:
Debian systems (Debian, Ubuntu, etc.)
Install the following packages using apt-get:
- asciidoc (optional, required to build documentation)
- fop (optional, required to build documentation)
- lintian (optional, required to build DEB package)
- debhelper (optional, required to build DEB package)
- libmysqlclient-dev (optional, required to access MySQL databases)
- libpq-dev (optional, required to access PostgreSQL databases)
Red Hat systems (RHEL, CentOS, Scientific Linux, Fedora, etc.)
Install the following packages using yum:
- rpm-build (optional, required to build RPM package)
- mysql-devel (optional, required to access MySQL databases)
- postgresql-devel (optional, required to access PostgreSQL databases)
In addition, RHEL 5 systems will require Python 2.6, which can be installed from EPEL. You will also need to install the right setuptools for Python 2.6, which can be installed from the Python Package Index using:
$ wget http://pypi.python.org/packages/2.6/s/setuptools/setuptools-0.6c9-py2.6.egg#md5=ca37b1ff16fa2ede6e19383e7b59245a $ sudo /bin/sh setuptools-0.6c9-py2.6.egg
or, if you don't have root access:
$ /bin/sh setuptools-0.6c9-py2.6.egg -d ~/.local/lib/python2.6/site-packages
Mac OS X
Install Xcode and the Xcode command-line tools.
Install homebrew and the following homebrew packages:
- asciidoc (optional, required for manpages and docs)
- fop (optional, required for docs)
- mysql (optional, required to access MySQL databases)
- postgresql (optional, required to access PostgreSQL databases)
SUSE (openSUSE, SLES)
Install the following packages:
- asciidoc (optional, required for documentation)
- libmysqlclient-devel (optional, required for MySQL support)
Other packages may be required to run unit tests, and build MPI tools.
Ant is used to compile Pegasus.
To get a list of build targets run:
$ ant -p
The targets that begin with "dist" are what you want to use.
To build a basic binary tarball (excluding documentation), run:
$ ant dist
To build the release tarball (including documentation), run:
$ ant dist-release
The resulting packages will be created in the