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README.md

Simple Jupyter Plugin for Pelican Blog System

The ipynb2pelican plugin implements .ipynb file format support to pelican.

Features

  • Simply convert ipynb to html, no CSS is preserved
  • Uses preprocessors of nbconvert library
  • Provides cell-based summary generation
  • Uses first cell as the most natural and readable metadata

Writing metadata is as simple as writing metadata in markdown file.

# This is title
+ date: 2020-02-22
+ tags: hello, world

Hint: In jupyter notebook, press Esc+M will switch selected cell to markdown mode.

It is recommended (but not required) to organize the metadata items with Markdown bullets (+, - or *). These will be stripped during metadata extraction, but it keeps the metadata cell nicely readable in the notebook, like this:

This is title

  • date: 2020-02-22
  • tags: hello, world

Overview

The plugin is simple:

  • The CSS of jupyter will not be taken into outputs
  • The summary will be generated by Pelican

But it is still powerful and extensible:

  • A Solution for metadata
  • Syntax hightlight by nbconvert
  • Several configurable preprocessors provided
    • Metadata Extraction
    • SubCell Selection
    • Ignore cells with #ignore tag
    • Empty Cell Removal
  • You can change preprocess.py and define your own preprocessors

Preprocessors

Thanks to the preprocessor feature of nbconvert, useful preprocessors are built in this project with on/off options. In your pelicanconf.py, you are able to set options to toggle preprocessors. You are encouraged to share your own preprocessors!

Don't worry about preprocessors, switch off all options will have only 3% gain on performance according to the test on my blog. So all of them are enabled by default.

Metadata Extraction

As we stated, all metadata should be stored at the first cell of ipynb. If there is no metadata, then article is treated as draft and use filename as title and slug. After the extraction of metadata, the metdata cell will be removed, as we have extracted all the information.

Summary Extration

By default, it will generate a summary of size 600. Every extra cell incurs a penalty of 120 chars in case that there are too many small cells.

Remove Empty Cells

Remove trivial cells without visible characters using regular expression \S

Ignore some cells

You can include an #ignore comment at the beginning of a cell of the Jupyter notebook to ignore it, removing it from the post content.

Note it is more strict than #ignore tag in pelican-ipynb. The purpose is to prevent kicking normal contents out of post content.

SubCells Selection

The Subcells preprocessor is executed after Metadata preprocessor the metadate cell it self will be removed by Metadata preprocessor), so zeroth cell is the first cell after metadata. The start and end should be written in the metadata like:

# This is title
+ date: 2020-02-22
+ tags: hello, world
+ subcells: [5, -1]

The value will be evaluated by start, end = ast.literal_eval(value). And then cells are sliced by cells[start:end].

Hint: If you want end to be infinity, use None

Options

Option Variable Default Meaning
IPYNB_REMOVE_EMPTY True Remove Empty Cells
IPYNB_IGNORE True Remove cells with #ignore tag at the beginning
IPYNB_SUBCELLS True Only preserve Subcells specified by subcells: [begin, end) metadata
SUMMARY_SIZE 600 Size of Summary
CELL_PENALTY 120 penalty of each cell in summary

Installation and Configuration

Dependency

  • Both python2, python3 are supported
  • pelican
  • jupyter
  • ipython
  • nbconvert

It has been tested on

  • python 3.6+
  • pelican 4.5
  • jupyter/ipython/nbconvert 4.1

Installation

Download this repo and rename folder to ipynb2pelican. Then put it into your plugins directory. A simpler way is by submodule this plugin:

git submodule add git@github.com:peijunz/ipynb2pelican.git pelican-plugins/ipynb2pelican

If your plugins are put into pelican-plugins directory, the file tree should looks like:

content/
pelicanconf.py
pelican-plugins/
└── ipynb2pelican
    ├── __init__.py
    ├── preprocess.py
    ├── reader.py
    └── README.md

Configuration

In the pelicanconf.py:

PLUGIN_PATH = ['pelican-plugins']       # Ensure your plugin path is in it
PLUGINS = ['ipynb2pelican']             # Name of the plugin
IGNORE_FILES = ['.ipynb_checkpoints']   # Prevent parsing checkpoints files

If you are not using pelican-plugins, you should change it accordingly.

About

Integrate ipynb with pelican utilizing cell features to represent metadata and do other things in a pythonic way

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