Jason Pell edited this page Jun 21, 2013 · 1 revision

Table of Contents


Most of these standard practices are followed in the code, however some deviations are to be expected. If you stick to these standards, OpenDb will be far more maintainable.

Some of OpenDb core code is spaghetti code, and this is something that needs to be resolved sooner rather than later. A lot of the completely new functionality in OpenDb is class based which makes it much easier to avoid spaghetti.

Coding standards

  • Use 4-space TAB indenting. (Use tab character and set your editor to 4 spaces)
  • Always start your brace off on the next line (C style, not C++)
  • Always use braces around while,for,foreach,etc constructs.
  • Always use braces around if, where you are including anything but the one line statement. (For example comments)
  • Comment for function should proceed the function, similiar to javadoc comment /** */.
  • Do not use # comments in php, always use C++ style // or /* */
  • Use 'echo' but don't use 'print'

Database Abstraction

Make sure you use the database abstraction layer functions instead of the mysql_ ones

  • db_error()
  • db_errno()
  • db_query()
  • db_affected_rows()
  • db_insert_id()
  • db_free_result($result)
  • db_fetch_assoc($result)
  • db_fetch_row($result)
  • db_field_name($result, $field_offset)
  • db_num_rows($result)
  • db_num_fields($result)

Naming Standards

Database Functions


  • fetch_
  • update_
  • delete_
  • insert_
  • validate_

The name of the table should come next. For tables with an s_ prefix, you do not have to include that.

If the fetch for instance, returns most of the table, then you are set.

If you only return a couple of columns, then add them to the function name:


If the function joins two tables, include the other tables in the function name as well. Use common sense to not overdo this:


Finally the suffix of functions is required. This is only of importance for fetch_/get_ functions:

  • _r -> For a record (array)
  • _rs -> A resultset
  • _cnt -> A int, which is the result of a select count(...) operation.

Non-Database functions

For non-database functions, do not use fetch_, but get_ for operations where you are computing a value.


Where a variable is being returned from a fetch, especially a _r, use the same format as for the function name, just remove the fetch_ prefix.

For all others use your discretion. But I recommend, that if you are getting results from a _rs suffix function. Each time to use db_fetch_assoc($result), assign it to a _r of the same prefix (minus fetch_ as the function name)

You can’t perform that action at this time.
You signed in with another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session. You signed out in another tab or window. Reload to refresh your session.
Press h to open a hovercard with more details.