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OpenIdAuthentication
====================
Provides a thin wrapper around the excellent ruby-openid gem from JanRan. Be sure to install that first:
gem install ruby-openid
To understand what OpenID is about and how it works, it helps to read the documentation for lib/openid/consumer.rb
from that gem.
The specification used is http://openid.net/specs/openid-authentication-2_0.html.
Prerequisites
=============
OpenID authentication uses the session, so be sure that you haven't turned that off. It also relies on a number of
database tables to store the authentication keys. So you'll have to run the migration to create these before you get started:
rake open_id_authentication:db:create
Or, use the included generators to install or upgrade:
./script/generate open_id_authentication_tables MigrationName
./script/generate upgrade_open_id_authentication_tables MigrationName
Alternatively, you can use the file-based store, which just relies on on tmp/openids being present in RAILS_ROOT. But be aware that this store only works if you have a single application server. And it's not safe to use across NFS. It's recommended that you use the database store if at all possible. To use the file-based store, you'll also have to add this line to your config/environment.rb:
OpenIdAuthentication.store = :file
This particular plugin also relies on the fact that the authentication action allows for both POST and GET operations.
If you're using RESTful authentication, you'll need to explicitly allow for this in your routes.rb.
The plugin also expects to find a root_url method that points to the home page of your site. You can accomplish this by using a root route in config/routes.rb:
map.root :controller => 'articles'
This plugin relies on Rails Edge revision 6317 or newer.
Example
=======
This example is just to meant to demonstrate how you could use OpenID authentication. You might well want to add
salted hash logins instead of plain text passwords and other requirements on top of this. Treat it as a starting point,
not a destination.
Note that the User model referenced in the simple example below has an 'identity_url' attribute. You will want to add the same or similar field to whatever
model you are using for authentication.
Also of note is the following code block used in the example below:
authenticate_with_open_id do |result, identity_url|
...
end
In the above code block, 'identity_url' will need to match user.identity_url exactly. 'identity_url' will be a string in the form of 'http://example.com' -
If you are storing just 'example.com' with your user, the lookup will fail.
There is a handy method in this plugin called 'normalize_url' that will help with validating OpenID URLs.
OpenIdAuthentication.normalize_url(user.identity_url)
The above will return a standardized version of the OpenID URL - the above called with 'example.com' will return 'http://example.com/'
It will also raise an InvalidOpenId exception if the URL is determined to not be valid.
Use the above code in your User model and validate OpenID URLs before saving them.
config/routes.rb
map.root :controller => 'articles'
map.resource :session
app/views/sessions/new.erb
<% form_tag(session_url) do %>
<p>
<label for="name">Username:</label>
<%= text_field_tag "name" %>
</p>
<p>
<label for="password">Password:</label>
<%= password_field_tag %>
</p>
<p>
...or use:
</p>
<p>
<label for="openid_identifier">OpenID:</label>
<%= text_field_tag "openid_identifier" %>
</p>
<p>
<%= submit_tag 'Sign in', :disable_with => "Signing in&hellip;" %>
</p>
<% end %>
app/controllers/sessions_controller.rb
class SessionsController < ApplicationController
def create
if using_open_id?
open_id_authentication
else
password_authentication(params[:name], params[:password])
end
end
protected
def password_authentication(name, password)
if @current_user = @account.users.authenticate(params[:name], params[:password])
successful_login
else
failed_login "Sorry, that username/password doesn't work"
end
end
def open_id_authentication
authenticate_with_open_id do |result, identity_url|
if result.successful?
if @current_user = @account.users.find_by_identity_url(identity_url)
successful_login
else
failed_login "Sorry, no user by that identity URL exists (#{identity_url})"
end
else
failed_login result.message
end
end
end
private
def successful_login
session[:user_id] = @current_user.id
redirect_to(root_url)
end
def failed_login(message)
flash[:error] = message
redirect_to(new_session_url)
end
end
If you're fine with the result messages above and don't need individual logic on a per-failure basis,
you can collapse the case into a mere boolean:
def open_id_authentication
authenticate_with_open_id do |result, identity_url|
if result.successful? && @current_user = @account.users.find_by_identity_url(identity_url)
successful_login
else
failed_login(result.message || "Sorry, no user by that identity URL exists (#{identity_url})")
end
end
end
Simple Registration OpenID Extension
====================================
Some OpenID Providers support this lightweight profile exchange protocol. See more: http://www.openidenabled.com/openid/simple-registration-extension
You can support it in your app by changing #open_id_authentication
def open_id_authentication(identity_url)
# Pass optional :required and :optional keys to specify what sreg fields you want.
# Be sure to yield registration, a third argument in the #authenticate_with_open_id block.
authenticate_with_open_id(identity_url,
:required => [ :nickname, :email ],
:optional => :fullname) do |result, identity_url, registration|
case result.status
when :missing
failed_login "Sorry, the OpenID server couldn't be found"
when :invalid
failed_login "Sorry, but this does not appear to be a valid OpenID"
when :canceled
failed_login "OpenID verification was canceled"
when :failed
failed_login "Sorry, the OpenID verification failed"
when :successful
if @current_user = @account.users.find_by_identity_url(identity_url)
assign_registration_attributes!(registration)
if current_user.save
successful_login
else
failed_login "Your OpenID profile registration failed: " +
@current_user.errors.full_messages.to_sentence
end
else
failed_login "Sorry, no user by that identity URL exists"
end
end
end
end
# registration is a hash containing the valid sreg keys given above
# use this to map them to fields of your user model
def assign_registration_attributes!(registration)
model_to_registration_mapping.each do |model_attribute, registration_attribute|
unless registration[registration_attribute].blank?
@current_user.send("#{model_attribute}=", registration[registration_attribute])
end
end
end
def model_to_registration_mapping
{ :login => 'nickname', :email => 'email', :display_name => 'fullname' }
end
Attribute Exchange OpenID Extension
===================================
Some OpenID providers also support the OpenID AX (attribute exchange) protocol for exchanging identity information between endpoints. See more: http://openid.net/specs/openid-attribute-exchange-1_0.html
Accessing AX data is very similar to the Simple Registration process, described above -- just add the URI identifier for the AX field to your :optional or :required parameters. For example:
authenticate_with_open_id(identity_url,
:required => [ :email, 'http://schema.openid.net/birthDate' ]) do |result, identity_url, registration|
This would provide the sreg data for :email, and the AX data for 'http://schema.openid.net/birthDate'
Copyright (c) 2007 David Heinemeier Hansson, released under the MIT license
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