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/*
* Many of the syscalls used in this file expect some of the arguments
* to be __user pointers not __kernel pointers. To limit the sparse
* noise, turn off sparse checking for this file.
*/
#ifdef __CHECKER__
#undef __CHECKER__
#warning "Sparse checking disabled for this file"
#endif
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/fd.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/suspend.h>
#include <linux/root_dev.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/initrd.h>
#include <linux/async.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/nfs_fs.h>
#include <linux/nfs_fs_sb.h>
#include <linux/nfs_mount.h>
#include "do_mounts.h"
int __initdata rd_doload; /* 1 = load RAM disk, 0 = don't load */
int root_mountflags = MS_RDONLY | MS_SILENT;
static char * __initdata root_device_name;
static char __initdata saved_root_name[64];
static int root_wait;
dev_t ROOT_DEV;
static int __init load_ramdisk(char *str)
{
rd_doload = simple_strtol(str,NULL,0) & 3;
return 1;
}
__setup("load_ramdisk=", load_ramdisk);
static int __init readonly(char *str)
{
if (*str)
return 0;
root_mountflags |= MS_RDONLY;
return 1;
}
static int __init readwrite(char *str)
{
if (*str)
return 0;
root_mountflags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
return 1;
}
__setup("ro", readonly);
__setup("rw", readwrite);
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
/**
* match_dev_by_uuid - callback for finding a partition using its uuid
* @dev: device passed in by the caller
* @data: opaque pointer to a 36 byte char array with a UUID
*
* Returns 1 if the device matches, and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int match_dev_by_uuid(struct device *dev, void *data)
{
u8 *uuid = data;
struct hd_struct *part = dev_to_part(dev);
if (!part->info)
goto no_match;
if (memcmp(uuid, part->info->uuid, sizeof(part->info->uuid)))
goto no_match;
return 1;
no_match:
return 0;
}
/**
* devt_from_partuuid - looks up the dev_t of a partition by its UUID
* @uuid: min 36 byte char array containing a hex ascii UUID
*
* The function will return the first partition which contains a matching
* UUID value in its partition_meta_info struct. This does not search
* by filesystem UUIDs.
*
* If @uuid is followed by a "/PARTNROFF=%d", then the number will be
* extracted and used as an offset from the partition identified by the UUID.
*
* Returns the matching dev_t on success or 0 on failure.
*/
static dev_t devt_from_partuuid(char *uuid_str)
{
dev_t res = 0;
struct device *dev = NULL;
u8 uuid[16];
struct gendisk *disk;
struct hd_struct *part;
int offset = 0;
if (strlen(uuid_str) < 36)
goto done;
/* Check for optional partition number offset attributes. */
if (uuid_str[36]) {
char c = 0;
/* Explicitly fail on poor PARTUUID syntax. */
if (sscanf(&uuid_str[36],
"/PARTNROFF=%d%c", &offset, &c) != 1) {
printk(KERN_ERR "VFS: PARTUUID= is invalid.\n"
"Expected PARTUUID=<valid-uuid-id>[/PARTNROFF=%%d]\n");
if (root_wait)
printk(KERN_ERR
"Disabling rootwait; root= is invalid.\n");
root_wait = 0;
goto done;
}
}
/* Pack the requested UUID in the expected format. */
part_pack_uuid(uuid_str, uuid);
dev = class_find_device(&block_class, NULL, uuid, &match_dev_by_uuid);
if (!dev)
goto done;
res = dev->devt;
/* Attempt to find the partition by offset. */
if (!offset)
goto no_offset;
res = 0;
disk = part_to_disk(dev_to_part(dev));
part = disk_get_part(disk, dev_to_part(dev)->partno + offset);
if (part) {
res = part_devt(part);
put_device(part_to_dev(part));
}
no_offset:
put_device(dev);
done:
return res;
}
#endif
/*
* Convert a name into device number. We accept the following variants:
*
* 1) device number in hexadecimal represents itself
* 2) /dev/nfs represents Root_NFS (0xff)
* 3) /dev/<disk_name> represents the device number of disk
* 4) /dev/<disk_name><decimal> represents the device number
* of partition - device number of disk plus the partition number
* 5) /dev/<disk_name>p<decimal> - same as the above, that form is
* used when disk name of partitioned disk ends on a digit.
* 6) PARTUUID=00112233-4455-6677-8899-AABBCCDDEEFF representing the
* unique id of a partition if the partition table provides it.
* 7) PARTUUID=<UUID>/PARTNROFF=<int> to select a partition in relation to
* a partition with a known unique id.
*
* If name doesn't have fall into the categories above, we return (0,0).
* block_class is used to check if something is a disk name. If the disk
* name contains slashes, the device name has them replaced with
* bangs.
*/
dev_t name_to_dev_t(char *name)
{
char s[32];
char *p;
dev_t res = 0;
int part;
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
if (strncmp(name, "PARTUUID=", 9) == 0) {
name += 9;
res = devt_from_partuuid(name);
if (!res)
goto fail;
goto done;
}
#endif
if (strncmp(name, "/dev/", 5) != 0) {
unsigned maj, min;
if (sscanf(name, "%u:%u", &maj, &min) == 2) {
res = MKDEV(maj, min);
if (maj != MAJOR(res) || min != MINOR(res))
goto fail;
} else {
res = new_decode_dev(simple_strtoul(name, &p, 16));
if (*p)
goto fail;
}
goto done;
}
name += 5;
res = Root_NFS;
if (strcmp(name, "nfs") == 0)
goto done;
res = Root_RAM0;
if (strcmp(name, "ram") == 0)
goto done;
if (strlen(name) > 31)
goto fail;
strcpy(s, name);
for (p = s; *p; p++)
if (*p == '/')
*p = '!';
res = blk_lookup_devt(s, 0);
if (res)
goto done;
/*
* try non-existent, but valid partition, which may only exist
* after revalidating the disk, like partitioned md devices
*/
while (p > s && isdigit(p[-1]))
p--;
if (p == s || !*p || *p == '0')
goto fail;
/* try disk name without <part number> */
part = simple_strtoul(p, NULL, 10);
*p = '\0';
res = blk_lookup_devt(s, part);
if (res)
goto done;
/* try disk name without p<part number> */
if (p < s + 2 || !isdigit(p[-2]) || p[-1] != 'p')
goto fail;
p[-1] = '\0';
res = blk_lookup_devt(s, part);
if (res)
goto done;
fail:
return 0;
done:
return res;
}
static int __init root_dev_setup(char *line)
{
strlcpy(saved_root_name, line, sizeof(saved_root_name));
return 1;
}
__setup("root=", root_dev_setup);
static int __init rootwait_setup(char *str)
{
if (*str)
return 0;
root_wait = 1;
return 1;
}
__setup("rootwait", rootwait_setup);
static char * __initdata root_mount_data;
static int __init root_data_setup(char *str)
{
root_mount_data = str;
return 1;
}
static char * __initdata root_fs_names;
static int __init fs_names_setup(char *str)
{
root_fs_names = str;
return 1;
}
static unsigned int __initdata root_delay;
static int __init root_delay_setup(char *str)
{
root_delay = simple_strtoul(str, NULL, 0);
return 1;
}
__setup("rootflags=", root_data_setup);
__setup("rootfstype=", fs_names_setup);
__setup("rootdelay=", root_delay_setup);
static void __init get_fs_names(char *page)
{
char *s = page;
if (root_fs_names) {
strcpy(page, root_fs_names);
while (*s++) {
if (s[-1] == ',')
s[-1] = '\0';
}
} else {
int len = get_filesystem_list(page);
char *p, *next;
page[len] = '\0';
for (p = page-1; p; p = next) {
next = strchr(++p, '\n');
if (*p++ != '\t')
continue;
while ((*s++ = *p++) != '\n')
;
s[-1] = '\0';
}
}
*s = '\0';
}
static int __init do_mount_root(char *name, char *fs, int flags, void *data)
{
struct super_block *s;
int err = sys_mount(name, "/root", fs, flags, data);
if (err)
return err;
sys_chdir("/root");
s = current->fs->pwd.dentry->d_sb;
ROOT_DEV = s->s_dev;
printk(KERN_INFO
"VFS: Mounted root (%s filesystem)%s on device %u:%u.\n",
s->s_type->name,
s->s_flags & MS_RDONLY ? " readonly" : "",
MAJOR(ROOT_DEV), MINOR(ROOT_DEV));
return 0;
}
void __init mount_block_root(char *name, int flags)
{
char *fs_names = __getname_gfp(GFP_KERNEL
| __GFP_NOTRACK_FALSE_POSITIVE);
char *p;
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
#else
const char *b = name;
#endif
get_fs_names(fs_names);
retry:
for (p = fs_names; *p; p += strlen(p)+1) {
int err = do_mount_root(name, p, flags, root_mount_data);
switch (err) {
case 0:
goto out;
case -EACCES:
flags |= MS_RDONLY;
goto retry;
case -EINVAL:
continue;
}
/*
* Allow the user to distinguish between failed sys_open
* and bad superblock on root device.
* and give them a list of the available devices
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
__bdevname(ROOT_DEV, b);
#endif
printk("VFS: Cannot open root device \"%s\" or %s: error %d\n",
root_device_name, b, err);
printk("Please append a correct \"root=\" boot option; here are the available partitions:\n");
printk_all_partitions();
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT
printk("DEBUG_BLOCK_EXT_DEVT is enabled, you need to specify "
"explicit textual name for \"root=\" boot option.\n");
#endif
panic("VFS: Unable to mount root fs on %s", b);
}
printk("List of all partitions:\n");
printk_all_partitions();
printk("No filesystem could mount root, tried: ");
for (p = fs_names; *p; p += strlen(p)+1)
printk(" %s", p);
printk("\n");
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
__bdevname(ROOT_DEV, b);
#endif
panic("VFS: Unable to mount root fs on %s", b);
out:
putname(fs_names);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ROOT_NFS
#define NFSROOT_TIMEOUT_MIN 5
#define NFSROOT_TIMEOUT_MAX 30
#define NFSROOT_RETRY_MAX 5
static int __init mount_nfs_root(void)
{
char *root_dev, *root_data;
unsigned int timeout;
int try, err;
err = nfs_root_data(&root_dev, &root_data);
if (err != 0)
return 0;
/*
* The server or network may not be ready, so try several
* times. Stop after a few tries in case the client wants
* to fall back to other boot methods.
*/
timeout = NFSROOT_TIMEOUT_MIN;
for (try = 1; ; try++) {
err = do_mount_root(root_dev, "nfs",
root_mountflags, root_data);
if (err == 0)
return 1;
if (try > NFSROOT_RETRY_MAX)
break;
/* Wait, in case the server refused us immediately */
ssleep(timeout);
timeout <<= 1;
if (timeout > NFSROOT_TIMEOUT_MAX)
timeout = NFSROOT_TIMEOUT_MAX;
}
return 0;
}
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RAM) || defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_FD)
void __init change_floppy(char *fmt, ...)
{
struct termios termios;
char buf[80];
char c;
int fd;
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
vsprintf(buf, fmt, args);
va_end(args);
fd = sys_open("/dev/root", O_RDWR | O_NDELAY, 0);
if (fd >= 0) {
sys_ioctl(fd, FDEJECT, 0);
sys_close(fd);
}
printk(KERN_NOTICE "VFS: Insert %s and press ENTER\n", buf);
fd = sys_open("/dev/console", O_RDWR, 0);
if (fd >= 0) {
sys_ioctl(fd, TCGETS, (long)&termios);
termios.c_lflag &= ~ICANON;
sys_ioctl(fd, TCSETSF, (long)&termios);
sys_read(fd, &c, 1);
termios.c_lflag |= ICANON;
sys_ioctl(fd, TCSETSF, (long)&termios);
sys_close(fd);
}
}
#endif
void __init mount_root(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_ROOT_NFS
if (ROOT_DEV == Root_NFS) {
if (mount_nfs_root())
return;
printk(KERN_ERR "VFS: Unable to mount root fs via NFS, trying floppy.\n");
ROOT_DEV = Root_FD0;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_FD
if (MAJOR(ROOT_DEV) == FLOPPY_MAJOR) {
/* rd_doload is 2 for a dual initrd/ramload setup */
if (rd_doload==2) {
if (rd_load_disk(1)) {
ROOT_DEV = Root_RAM1;
root_device_name = NULL;
}
} else
change_floppy("root floppy");
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
create_dev("/dev/root", ROOT_DEV);
mount_block_root("/dev/root", root_mountflags);
#endif
}
/*
* Prepare the namespace - decide what/where to mount, load ramdisks, etc.
*/
void __init prepare_namespace(void)
{
int is_floppy;
if (root_delay) {
printk(KERN_INFO "Waiting %dsec before mounting root device...\n",
root_delay);
ssleep(root_delay);
}
/*
* wait for the known devices to complete their probing
*
* Note: this is a potential source of long boot delays.
* For example, it is not atypical to wait 5 seconds here
* for the touchpad of a laptop to initialize.
*/
wait_for_device_probe();
md_run_setup();
if (saved_root_name[0]) {
root_device_name = saved_root_name;
if (!strncmp(root_device_name, "mtd", 3) ||
!strncmp(root_device_name, "ubi", 3)) {
mount_block_root(root_device_name, root_mountflags);
goto out;
}
ROOT_DEV = name_to_dev_t(root_device_name);
if (strncmp(root_device_name, "/dev/", 5) == 0)
root_device_name += 5;
}
if (initrd_load())
goto out;
/* wait for any asynchronous scanning to complete */
if ((ROOT_DEV == 0) && root_wait) {
printk(KERN_INFO "Waiting for root device %s...\n",
saved_root_name);
while (driver_probe_done() != 0 ||
(ROOT_DEV = name_to_dev_t(saved_root_name)) == 0)
msleep(100);
async_synchronize_full();
}
is_floppy = MAJOR(ROOT_DEV) == FLOPPY_MAJOR;
if (is_floppy && rd_doload && rd_load_disk(0))
ROOT_DEV = Root_RAM0;
mount_root();
out:
devtmpfs_mount("dev");
sys_mount(".", "/", NULL, MS_MOVE, NULL);
sys_chroot(".");
}
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