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/*
* Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion, the Bloatwatch edition.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
* Copyright IBM Corporation, 2008
*
* Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*
* For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
* Documentation/RCU
*/
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/prefetch.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
#include <trace/events/rcu.h>
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */

#include "rcu.h"

/* Forward declarations for rcutiny_plugin.h. */
struct rcu_ctrlblk;
static void invoke_rcu_callbacks(void);
static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused);
static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);

#include "rcutiny_plugin.h"

static long long rcu_dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;

/* Common code for rcu_idle_enter() and rcu_irq_exit(), see kernel/rcutree.c. */
static void rcu_idle_enter_common(long long oldval)
{
if (rcu_dynticks_nesting) {
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_dyntick("--=",
oldval, rcu_dynticks_nesting));
return;
}
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_dyntick("Start", oldval, rcu_dynticks_nesting));
if (!is_idle_task(current)) {
struct task_struct *idle = idle_task(smp_processor_id());

RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_dyntick("Error on entry: not idle task",
oldval, rcu_dynticks_nesting));
ftrace_dump(DUMP_ALL);
WARN_ONCE(1, "Current pid: %d comm: %s / Idle pid: %d comm: %s",
current->pid, current->comm,
idle->pid, idle->comm); /* must be idle task! */
}
rcu_sched_qs(0); /* implies rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(0) */
}

/*
* Enter idle, which is an extended quiescent state if we have fully
* entered that mode (i.e., if the new value of dynticks_nesting is zero).
*/
void rcu_idle_enter(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
long long oldval;

local_irq_save(flags);
oldval = rcu_dynticks_nesting;
WARN_ON_ONCE((rcu_dynticks_nesting & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK) == 0);
if ((rcu_dynticks_nesting & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK) ==
DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE)
rcu_dynticks_nesting = 0;
else
rcu_dynticks_nesting -= DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE;
rcu_idle_enter_common(oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_idle_enter);

/*
* Exit an interrupt handler towards idle.
*/
void rcu_irq_exit(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
long long oldval;

local_irq_save(flags);
oldval = rcu_dynticks_nesting;
rcu_dynticks_nesting--;
WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_dynticks_nesting < 0);
rcu_idle_enter_common(oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/* Common code for rcu_idle_exit() and rcu_irq_enter(), see kernel/rcutree.c. */
static void rcu_idle_exit_common(long long oldval)
{
if (oldval) {
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_dyntick("++=",
oldval, rcu_dynticks_nesting));
return;
}
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_dyntick("End", oldval, rcu_dynticks_nesting));
if (!is_idle_task(current)) {
struct task_struct *idle = idle_task(smp_processor_id());

RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_dyntick("Error on exit: not idle task",
oldval, rcu_dynticks_nesting));
ftrace_dump(DUMP_ALL);
WARN_ONCE(1, "Current pid: %d comm: %s / Idle pid: %d comm: %s",
current->pid, current->comm,
idle->pid, idle->comm); /* must be idle task! */
}
}

/*
* Exit idle, so that we are no longer in an extended quiescent state.
*/
void rcu_idle_exit(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
long long oldval;

local_irq_save(flags);
oldval = rcu_dynticks_nesting;
WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_dynticks_nesting < 0);
if (rcu_dynticks_nesting & DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_MASK)
rcu_dynticks_nesting += DYNTICK_TASK_NEST_VALUE;
else
rcu_dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;
rcu_idle_exit_common(oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_idle_exit);

/*
* Enter an interrupt handler, moving away from idle.
*/
void rcu_irq_enter(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
long long oldval;

local_irq_save(flags);
oldval = rcu_dynticks_nesting;
rcu_dynticks_nesting++;
WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_dynticks_nesting == 0);
rcu_idle_exit_common(oldval);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU

/*
* Test whether RCU thinks that the current CPU is idle.
*/
int rcu_is_cpu_idle(void)
{
return !rcu_dynticks_nesting;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_is_cpu_idle);

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */

/*
* Test whether the current CPU was interrupted from idle. Nested
* interrupts don't count, we must be running at the first interrupt
* level.
*/
int rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle(void)
{
return rcu_dynticks_nesting <= 0;
}

/*
* Helper function for rcu_sched_qs() and rcu_bh_qs().
* Also irqs are disabled to avoid confusion due to interrupt handlers
* invoking call_rcu().
*/
static int rcu_qsctr_help(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
if (rcp->rcucblist != NULL &&
rcp->donetail != rcp->curtail) {
rcp->donetail = rcp->curtail;
return 1;
}

return 0;
}

/*
* Record an rcu quiescent state. And an rcu_bh quiescent state while we
* are at it, given that any rcu quiescent state is also an rcu_bh
* quiescent state. Use "+" instead of "||" to defeat short circuiting.
*/
void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
{
unsigned long flags;

local_irq_save(flags);
if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk) +
rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
invoke_rcu_callbacks();
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
* Record an rcu_bh quiescent state.
*/
void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu)
{
unsigned long flags;

local_irq_save(flags);
if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
invoke_rcu_callbacks();
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
* Check to see if the scheduling-clock interrupt came from an extended
* quiescent state, and, if so, tell RCU about it. This function must
* be called from hardirq context. It is normally called from the
* scheduling-clock interrupt.
*/
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
if (user || rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle())
rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
else if (!in_softirq())
rcu_bh_qs(cpu);
rcu_preempt_check_callbacks();
}

/*
* Invoke the RCU callbacks on the specified rcu_ctrlkblk structure
* whose grace period has elapsed.
*/
static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
char *rn = NULL;
struct rcu_head *next, *list;
unsigned long flags;
RCU_TRACE(int cb_count = 0);

/* If no RCU callbacks ready to invoke, just return. */
if (&rcp->rcucblist == rcp->donetail) {
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_batch_start(rcp->name, 0, 0, -1));
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_batch_end(rcp->name, 0,
ACCESS_ONCE(rcp->rcucblist),
need_resched(),
is_idle_task(current),
rcu_is_callbacks_kthread()));
return;
}

/* Move the ready-to-invoke callbacks to a local list. */
local_irq_save(flags);
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_batch_start(rcp->name, 0, rcp->qlen, -1));
list = rcp->rcucblist;
rcp->rcucblist = *rcp->donetail;
*rcp->donetail = NULL;
if (rcp->curtail == rcp->donetail)
rcp->curtail = &rcp->rcucblist;
rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(rcp);
rcp->donetail = &rcp->rcucblist;
local_irq_restore(flags);

/* Invoke the callbacks on the local list. */
RCU_TRACE(rn = rcp->name);
while (list) {
next = list->next;
prefetch(next);
debug_rcu_head_unqueue(list);
local_bh_disable();
__rcu_reclaim(rn, list);
local_bh_enable();
list = next;
RCU_TRACE(cb_count++);
}
RCU_TRACE(rcu_trace_sub_qlen(rcp, cb_count));
RCU_TRACE(trace_rcu_batch_end(rcp->name, cb_count, 0, need_resched(),
is_idle_task(current),
rcu_is_callbacks_kthread()));
}

static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
{
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
rcu_preempt_process_callbacks();
}

/*
* Wait for a grace period to elapse. But it is illegal to invoke
* synchronize_sched() from within an RCU read-side critical section.
* Therefore, any legal call to synchronize_sched() is a quiescent
* state, and so on a UP system, synchronize_sched() need do nothing.
* Ditto for synchronize_rcu_bh(). (But Lai Jiangshan points out the
* benefits of doing might_sleep() to reduce latency.)
*
* Cool, huh? (Due to Josh Triplett.)
*
* But we want to make this a static inline later. The cond_resched()
* currently makes this problematic.
*/
void synchronize_sched(void)
{
rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
!lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
!lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
"Illegal synchronize_sched() in RCU read-side critical section");
cond_resched();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);

/*
* Helper function for call_rcu() and call_rcu_bh().
*/
static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
unsigned long flags;

debug_rcu_head_queue(head);
head->func = func;
head->next = NULL;

local_irq_save(flags);
*rcp->curtail = head;
rcp->curtail = &head->next;
RCU_TRACE(rcp->qlen++);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
* Post an RCU callback to be invoked after the end of an RCU-sched grace
* period. But since we have but one CPU, that would be after any
* quiescent state.
*/
void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
__call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_sched);

/*
* Post an RCU bottom-half callback to be invoked after any subsequent
* quiescent state.
*/
void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
__call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
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