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Ruby library for creating figures and slide presentations
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rfig version 1.4.7 Created by Percy Liang Last updated 05/23/12 rfig is a package that allows you to create figures or slide presentations by programming in Ruby. The Ruby code generates a Metapost file, which is compiled into a PDF file. Mandatory requirements: - Ruby 1.8 (I test on 1.8.7) - LaTeX2e: pdflatex and context (includes mptopdf) Optional: - ImageMagick (for convert if you want to embed PDF files) This was tested on Debian Linux. Quick start =========== Run the following commands from this directory: . rc # Sets environment variables examples/simple.rb # Try out a simple example to make sure everything works You can read (and even compile) the tutorial, which should guide a beginner user through the basic features of rfig. examples/tutorial.rb examples/tutorial.pdf Architecture ============ The following describes what the various objects are. - Each object that could be drawn is an instance of Obj. An object could have nested Obj as children. Subclasses of Obj include Table, Str, Tree, Overlay, etc. - A style specifies how an object should be drawn. A style includes things like color, scale (to draw objects larger or smaller). - An important part of the style is the set of levels (integers). This is particularly relevant for slide presentations. A slide object when printed usually consists of many (PDF) pages. On the first page, only level 0 objects are printed; on the second page, only level 1 objects, etc. - A delta style is an object that modifies the current effective style. For example, the pause object increments the current level by 1. - Each object has an internal style whose properties are set when it is created. In addition, some objects (tables, overlays, lists) have external styles (and delta styles) among their children which will be incorporated later. - An object is ``printed'' (with the aid of a FigWriter) to yield a PictureNode, which is a tree of nodes. Each node has properties, e.g. the levels at which it is shown. - The PictureNodes can be then printed to yield actual figures at different levels. - Printing: act of generating of picture node from an object - When an object prints, it is passed an [initial style] and a writer. - The [internal style] that resides in the object should be incorporated into the initial style (but not overriding it), creating an [effective style] - If the object has children, a [children style] is created based on the effective style, which excludes operations that can be done on the children by the parent (such as scaling, coloring). As the children are processed, [external styles (or delta styles)] are incorporated into the children style. Children should be printed with the children style. - If the object has auxiliary things (like border of a table), an [auxiliary style] is created for that, which is essentially an independent copy of the children style. - Call initPicNode() to get the initial picture node. - Add children picture nodes. - Call finishPicNode() to apply the effective style and post processors (note that post-processors are called after styles have been applied). - Each style S has a parent; when another style T is incorporated, S's parents may be effected depending on T's persistent setting. Hierarchy of styles (<- means incorporate): initial style effective style <- internal style children style <- external styles auxiliary style - Interface with FigWriter. The process is as follows: - Objects call methods of the FigWriter to affect its state (in the case of Metapost, the contents of the mp file). - At the same time, picture nodes are generated which refer to the state of the FigWriter (in Metapost, picture IDs). - Finally, the container of the object (a presentation) will call drawPictureNodes() to actually change the state of the FigWriter to reflect that pages were added. For presentations, we might want to hide various parts of the picture node. This is called flush printing. For figure sets, this is pretty easy. Intrinsically, printing objects and flush printing are different. - Where does the output go? - An object manager has a global [output prefix]. In addition, when an object gets printed through an object manager, it comes with a local prefix. Both are optional. Another setting is whether output is written to separate files. If no global output prefix is specified, the default is the file name of the ruby program ($0). If no local output prefix is specified, the value used is the object number. Now, if we want separate files, then the global prefix is the directory and the local prefix forms the file name. Otherwise, we ignore the local prefix and the global prefix forms the file name. - Variables: each style contains a variable map, which maps a name X (which is a symbol) to something Y (which could be of any type). When a variable is referenced (in the context of a style S) via its name X, then Y is interpreted. If Y is a symbol, then it is looked up in the variable map and the result interpreted. If it is a thunk, then its evaluate() function is called with the style S. When styles are incorporated, the general rule is to interpret reference symbol names as soon as possible. TODO - clippedpath should draw the (curved) path and then clip, so the directions come out right. - Warning: when we scale or shift using an external style, print object O1 that is affected by these styles, and then print out an object O2 whose position and scale depends on O1, then we don't want to apply the scaling and shift again. - Add types to Value class. - Hyperlinks - Better signature detection for lazy printing. - Export to powerpoint and flash. - Animations http://www.fi.muni.cz/~xholecek/tex/pdfanim.xhtml http://www-user.uni-bremen.de/~skupin/pdfanim/Demos/ - Graphical user interface. - Constraint-based figure design. Changes ======= - 1.4: parse trees support labeled edge mode, changed extractArgs interface - 1.4: bar graphs support error bars and ghosts (for animation) - 1.4: parse tree has postNodeFunc - 1.4: polygon points allows thunks now - 1.4: removed dependence on foiltex - 1.3: allow dashed borders, support for drawing parse trees, general cleanup, etc. - 1.2: graphs: labels support scientific notation, rounding, post processing on lines, etc. - 1.2: support global changing of fontSize - 1.2: Fixed rounding of long numbers, support exporting parts of slides to jpeg (via explode) - 1.2: zoom functionality improved - 1.2: handy functions: indn, padSpace, etc. - 1.1: integrated creation of different editions of slide presentations into Presentation. - 1.1: Simplification: removed ! to denote mustPrint(true) and changed ? to !. - 1.1: Improved error handling and reduced mpto1pdf output. ============================================================ (C) Copyright 2008-2012, Percy Liang http://cs.stanford.edu/~pliang Permission is granted for anyone to copy, use, or modify these programs and accompanying documents for purposes of research or education, provided this copyright notice is retained, and note is made of any changes that have been made. These programs and documents are distributed without any warranty, express or implied. As the programs were written for research purposes only, they have not been tested to the degree that would be advisable in any important application. All use of these programs is entirely at the user's own risk.