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==============================================================================
Using the Simple DirectMedia Layer with Mac OS X
==============================================================================
These instructions are for people using Apple's Mac OS X (pronounced
"ten").
From the developer's point of view, OS X is a sort of hybrid Mac and
Unix system, and you have the option of using either traditional
command line tools or Apple's IDE Xcode.
To build SDL using the command line, use the standard configure and make
process:
./configure
make
sudo make install
You can also build SDL as a Universal library (a single binary for both
PowerPC and Intel architectures), on Mac OS X 10.4 and newer, by using
the fatbuild.sh script in build-scripts:
sh build-scripts/fatbuild.sh
sudo build-scripts/fatbuild.sh install
This script builds SDL with 10.2 ABI compatibility on PowerPC and 10.4
ABI compatibility on Intel architectures. For best compatibility you
should compile your application the same way. A script which wraps
gcc to make this easy is provided in test/gcc-fat.sh
To use the library once it's built, you essential have two possibilities:
use the traditional autoconf/automake/make method, or use Xcode.
==============================================================================
Using the Simple DirectMedia Layer with a traditional Makefile
==============================================================================
An existing autoconf/automake build system for your SDL app has good chances
to work almost unchanged on OS X. However, to produce a "real" Mac OS X binary
that you can distribute to users, you need to put the generated binary into a
so called "bundle", which basically is a fancy folder with a name like
"MyCoolGame.app".
To get this build automatically, add something like the following rule to
your Makefile.am:
bundle_contents = APP_NAME.app/Contents
APP_NAME_bundle: EXE_NAME
mkdir -p $(bundle_contents)/MacOS
mkdir -p $(bundle_contents)/Resources
echo "APPL????" > $(bundle_contents)/PkgInfo
$(INSTALL_PROGRAM) $< $(bundle_contents)/MacOS/
You should replace EXE_NAME with the name of the executable. APP_NAME is what
will be visible to the user in the Finder. Usually it will be the same
as EXE_NAME but capitalized. E.g. if EXE_NAME is "testgame" then APP_NAME
usually is "TestGame". You might also want to use @PACKAGE@ to use the package
name as specified in your configure.in file.
If your project builds more than one application, you will have to do a bit
more. For each of your target applications, you need a seperate rule.
If you want the created bundles to be installed, you may want to add this
rule to your Makefile.am:
install-exec-hook: APP_NAME_bundle
rm -rf $(DESTDIR)$(prefix)/Applications/APP_NAME.app
mkdir -p $(DESTDIR)$(prefix)/Applications/
cp -r $< /$(DESTDIR)$(prefix)Applications/
This rule takes the Bundle created by the rule from step 3 and installs them
into $(DESTDIR)$(prefix)/Applications/.
Again, if you want to install multiple applications, you will have to augment
the make rule accordingly.
But beware! That is only part of the story! With the above, you end up with
a bare bone .app bundle, which is double clickable from the Finder. But
there are some more things you should do before shipping yor product...
1) The bundle right now probably is dynamically linked against SDL. That
means that when you copy it to another computer, *it will not run*,
unless you also install SDL on that other computer. A good solution
for this dilemma is to static link against SDL. On OS X, you can
achieve that by linkinag against the libraries listed by
sdl-config --static-libs
instead of those listed by
sdl-config --libs
Depending on how exactly SDL is integrated into your build systems, the
way to achieve that varies, so I won't describe it here in detail
2) Add an 'Info.plist' to your application. That is a special XML file which
contains some meta-information about your application (like some copyright
information, the version of your app, the name of an optional icon file,
and other things). Part of that information is displayed by the Finder
when you click on the .app, or if you look at the "Get Info" window.
More information about Info.plist files can be found on Apple's homepage.
As a final remark, let me add that I use some of the techniques (and some
variations of them) in Exult and ScummVM; both are available in source on
the net, so feel free to take a peek at them for inspiration!
==============================================================================
Using the Simple DirectMedia Layer with Xcode
==============================================================================
These instructions are for using Apple's Xcode IDE to build SDL applications.
- First steps
The Xcode project files are in the "Xcode" directory.
- Building the Framework
The SDL Library is packaged as a framework bundle, an organized
relocatable folder heirarchy of executible code, interface headers,
and additional resources. For practical purposes, you can think of a
framework as a more user and system-friendly shared library, whose library
file behaves more or less like a standard UNIX shared library.
To build the framework, simply open the framework project and build it.
By default, the framework bundle "SDL.framework" is installed in
/Library/Frameworks. Therefore, the testers and project stationary expect
it to be located there. However, it will function the same in any of the
following locations:
~/Library/Frameworks
/Local/Library/Frameworks
/System/Library/Frameworks
- Build Options
There are two "Build Styles" (See the "Targets" tab) for SDL.
"Deployment" should be used if you aren't tweaking the SDL library.
"Development" should be used to debug SDL apps or the library itself.
- Building the Testers
Open the SDLTest project and build away!
- Using the Project Stationary
Copy the stationary to the indicated folders to access it from
the "New Project" and "Add target" menus. What could be easier?
- Setting up a new project by hand
Some of you won't want to use the Stationary so I'll give some tips:
* Create a new "Cocoa Application"
* Add src/main/macosx/SDLMain.m , .h and .nib to your project
* Remove "main.c" from your project
* Remove "MainMenu.nib" from your project
* Add "$(HOME)/Library/Frameworks/SDL.framework/Headers" to include path
* Add "$(HOME)/Library/Frameworks" to the frameworks search path
* Add "-framework SDL -framework Foundation -framework AppKit" to "OTHER_LDFLAGS"
* Set the "Main Nib File" under "Application Settings" to "SDLMain.nib"
* Add your files
* Clean and build
- Building from command line
Use pbxbuild in the same directory as your .pbproj file
- Running your app
You can send command line args to your app by either invoking it from
the command line (in *.app/Contents/MacOS) or by entering them in the
"Executibles" panel of the target settings.
- Implementation Notes
Some things that may be of interest about how it all works...
* Working directory
As defined in the SDL_main.m file, the working directory of your SDL app
is by default set to its parent. You may wish to change this to better
suit your needs.
* You have a Cocoa App!
Your SDL app is essentially a Cocoa application. When your app
starts up and the libraries finish loading, a Cocoa procedure is called,
which sets up the working directory and calls your main() method.
You are free to modify your Cocoa app with generally no consequence
to SDL. You cannot, however, easily change the SDL window itself.
Functionality may be added in the future to help this.
Known bugs are listed in the file "BUGS"