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README.md

Resource Query Language (RQL) is a query language designed for use in URIs with object style data structures. This project includes the RQL specification and provides a JavaScript implementation of query parsing and query execution implementation for JavaScript arrays. RQL can be thought as basically a set of nestable named operators which each have a set of arguments. RQL is designed to have an extremely simple, but extensible grammar that can be written in a URL friendly query string. A simple RQL query with a single operator that indicates a search for any resources with a property of "foo" that has value of 3 could be written:

eq(foo,3)

RQL is a compatible superset of standard HTML form URL encoding. The following query is identical to the query (it is sugar for the query above):

foo=3

Such that this can be used in URIs like:

http://example.org/data?foo=3

JavaScript Library

Using the JavaScript library we can construct queries using chained operator calls in JavaScript. We could write this query:

var Query = require("rql/query").Query;
new Query().eq("foo",3).forEach(...);

The RQL grammar is based around standard URI delimiters. The standard rules for encoding strings with URL encoding (%xx) are observed. RQL also supersets FIQL. Therefore we can write a query that finds resources with a "price" property below 10 with a "lt" operator using FIQL syntax:

price=lt=10

Which is identical (and sugar for call operator syntax known as the normalized form):

lt(price,10)

One can combine conditions with multiple operators with "&":

foo=3&price=lt=10

Is the same as:

eq(foo,3)&lt(price,10)

Which is also the same as:

and(eq(foo,3),lt(price,10))

We can execute a query against a JavaScript array:

require("rql/js-array").executeQuery("foo=3&price=lt=10", {}, data)...

The | operator can be used to indicate an "or" operation. We can also use paranthesis to group expressions. For example:

(foo=3|foo=bar)&price=lt=10

Which is the same as:

and(or(eq(foo,3),eq(foo,bar)),lt(price,10))

Values in queries can be strings (using URL encoding), numbers, booleans, null, undefined, and dates (in ISO UTC format without colon encoding). We can also denote arrays with paranthesis enclosed, comma separated values. For example to find the objects where foo can be the number 3, the string bar, the boolean true, or the date for the first day of the century we could write an array with the "in" operator:

foo=in=(3,bar,true,2000-01-01T00:00:00Z)

We can also explicitly specify primitive types in queries. To explicitly specify a string "3", we can do:

foo=string:3

Any property can be nested by using a dot syntax. To search by the bar property of the object in the foo property we can do:

foo.bar=3

Another common operator is sort. We can use the sort operator to sort by a specified property. To sort by foo in ascending order:

price=lt=10&sort(+foo)

We can also do multiple property sorts. To sort by price in ascending order and rating in descending order:

sort(+price,-rating)

The aggregate function can be used for aggregation. To calculate the sum of sales for each department:

aggregate(departmentId,sum(sales))

Here is a definition of the common operators (individual stores may have support for more less operators):

  • sort(<+|-><property) - Sorts by the given property in order specified by the prefix (+ for ascending, - for descending)
  • select(<property>,<property>,...) - Trims each object down to the set of properties defined in the arguments
  • values(<property>) - Returns an array of the given property value for each object
  • aggregate(<property|function>,...) - Aggregates the array, grouping by objects that are distinct for the provided properties, and then reduces the remaining other property values using the provided functions
  • distinct() - Returns a result set with duplicates removed
  • in(<property>,<array-of-values>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is in the provided array
  • any(<property>,<value | expression>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is an array and the array contains any value that equals the provided value or satisfies the provided expression.
  • all(<property>,<value | expression>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is an array and the array contains values that all equal the provided value or satisfy the provided expression.
  • limit(count,start,maxCount) - Returns the given range of objects from the result set
  • and(<query>,<query>,...) - Applies all the given queries
  • or(<query>,<query>,...) - The union of the given queries
  • eq(<property>,<value>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is equal to the provided value
  • lt(<property>,<value>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is less than the provided value
  • le(<property>,<value>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is less than or equal to the provided value
  • gt(<property>,<value>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is greater than the provided value
  • ge(<property>,<value>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is greater than or equal to the provided value
  • ne(<property>,<value>) - Filters for objects where the specified property's value is not equal to the provided value
  • rel(<relation name?>,<query>) - Applies the provided query against the linked data of the provided relation name.
  • sum(<property?>) - Finds the sum of every value in the array or if the property argument is provided, returns the sum of the value of property for every object in the array
  • mean(<property?>) - Finds the mean of every value in the array or if the property argument is provided, returns the mean of the value of property for every object in the array
  • max(<property?>) - Finds the maximum of every value in the array or if the property argument is provided, returns the maximum of the value of property for every object in the array
  • min(<property?>) - Finds the minimum of every value in the array or if the property argument is provided, returns the minimum of the value of property for every object in the array
  • recurse(<property?>) - Recursively searches, looking in children of the object as objects in arrays in the given property value
  • first() - Returns the first record of the query's result set
  • one() - Returns the first and only record of the query's result set, or produces an error if the query's result set has more or less than one record in it.
  • count() - Returns the count of the number of records in the query's result set

If you are writing an implementation of RQL for a database or other storage endpoint, or want to introspect queries, you can use the parsed query data structures. You can parse string queries with parser module's parseQuery function. Query objects have a "name" property and an "args" with an array of the arguments. For example:

require("rql/parser").parseQuery("(foo=3|foo=bar)&price=lt=10") ->
{
    name: "and",
    args: [
        {
            name:"or",
            args:[
                {
                    name:"eq",
                    args:["foo",3]
                },
                {
                    name:"eq",
                    args:["foo","bar"]
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            name:"lt",
            args:["price",10]
        }
    ]
}

Installation

It is recommended that you install RQL such that it is available in require statements under the "rql" path. This can easily be done with a package mapping compliant module loader like Nodules by using a mapping in your package.json:

"mappings": {
  "rql": "http://github.com/kriszyp/perstore/zipball/master"
}

RQL Templating

RQL

Licensing

The RQL implementation is part of the Persevere project, and therefore is licensed under the AFL or BSD license. The Persevere project is administered under the Dojo foundation, and all contributions require a Dojo CLA.

Project Links

See the main Persevere project for more information:

Homepage:

Source & Download:

Mailing list:

IRC:

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