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Network Address Translation

Network Address Translation (NAT) refers to the process of modifying network address information contained in datagram packet headers while they are in transit, generally across a device or system similar to pfSense, in order to map an address on one subnet to an address on another.

In practice the most common use of NAT is to allow a private LAN to communicate with the public Internet (outbound NAT) and to allow access to servers on the private LAN from the Internet (port forwards).

The NAT settings in pfSense are accessed via the Firewall > NAT menu in the WebGUI.

Configuration of NAT in pfSense is categorized into four areas: Port Forwards, 1:1 (One to One) NAT, Outbound NAT, and NPt (Network Prefix Translation) for IPv6

.. toctree::
   :maxdepth: 1

   forwarding-ports-with-pfsense
   1-1-nat
   port-forward-and-1-1-nat-interaction
   outbound-nat
   static-port
   automatic-nat-rules-generation
   advanced-outbound-nat
   configuring-nat-for-a-voip-pbx
   configuring-nat-for-voip-phones
   using-ipv6-network-prefix-translation-npt
   accessing-port-forwards-from-local-networks
   using-1-1-nat-on-a-wan-ip-address
   setup-ftp-server-behind-pfsense
   ftp-without-a-proxy
   port-forward-troubleshooting
   troubleshooting-1-1-nat
   troubleshooting-nat-reflection