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DynamoDB Foreign Data Wrapper for PostgreSQL

This PostgreSQL extension implements a Foreign Data Wrapper (FDW) for DynamoDB.

1. Requirement

  1. AWS C++ SDK
    DynamoDB FDW uses the APIs provided by AWS C++ SDK to connect and execute query on DynamoDB.
    It requires gcc version 4.9.0 and above to be able to use and compile.
    It also requires 3rd party libraries: libcurl, openssl, libuuid, pulseaudio-libs.
  2. Java Runtime Environment (JRE) version 8.x or newer
    If using DynamoDB local, JRE 8.x or newer is required.

2. Installation guide

This section describle how to install required library on CentOS 7

  1. AWS C++ SDK
    Download and follow the Amazon developer guide.

    https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-cpp/v1/developer-guide/setup-linux.html
  2. Java Runtime Environment (JRE) version 8.x or newer

     $ sudo yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel.x86_64
  3. Build and install PostgreSQL: from PostgreSQL directory

     ./configure
     $ make
     $ make install
  4. Build and install DynamoDB FDW: clone source code under PostgreSQL/contrib/

     $ make
     $ make install

3. FDW options

DynamoDB FDW supports the following options:

No Option name Context Required Description
1 endpoint SERVER Optional The URL of the entry point for an AWS web service. If user does not specify this option, the endpoint is set to "http://localhost:8000" by default. It is required for AWS DynamoDB and optional for DynamoDB local.
2 user USER MAPPING Optional The user credential to connect to DynamoDB. It is required for AWS DynamoDB and optional for DynamoDB local.
3 password USER MAPPING Optional The password credential to connect to DynamoDB. It is required for AWS DynamoDB and optional for DynamoDB local.
4 partition_key FOREIGN TABLE Optional The column name of the partition key of DynamoDB table.
5 sort_key FOREIGN TABLE Optional The column name of the sort key of DynamoDB table.
6 table_name FOREIGN TABLE Optional The corresponding table name in DynamoDB.
7 column_name ATTRIBUTE Optional The corresponding column name in DynamoDB.

5. Usage

  • Load extension first time after install:

    CREATE EXTENSION dynamodb_fdw;
  • Create server object:

    CREATE SERVER dynamodb_svr FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER dynamodb_fdw OPTIONS (endpoint 'http://localhost:8000');
  • Create user mapping:

    CREATE USER MAPPING FOR CURRENT_USER SERVER dynamodb_svr OPTIONS (user 'user1', password 'pass');
  • Create foreign table:

    CREATE FOREIGN TABLE frtbl (c1 int, c2 text, c3 jsonb) SERVER dynamodb_svr OPTIONS (table_name 'table1');
  • Start executing query:

    SELECT * FROM frtbl;

6. Features

  • Support SELECT feature to get data from DynamoDB. DynamoDB FDW supports selecting columns or nested attribute object (using -> or ->> operator)
  • Support INSERT feature.
  • Support UPDATE feature using foreign modify.
  • Support DELETE feature using foreign modify.
  • Support push down WHERE clause (including nested attribute object).
  • Support push down function SIZE of DynamoDB.

7. Limitations

  • Does not support List type of DynamoDB.
  • Only support SELECT the Binary type of DynamoDB. Does not support WHERE clause, INSERT, UPDATE statement with Binary type of DynamoDB.
  • For DynamoDB, 2 records can have the same attribute name but different data type. However, DynamoDB FDW does not support that case. User need to avoid using that case.
  • Does not push down WHERE condition when it compares array constant.
    For example: SELECT * FROM array_test WHERE array_n < '{1232, 5121, 8438, 644, 83}'; is not pushed down.
  • Does not push down WHERE condition when it contains text comparison using "<, <=, >=, >" operators.
    For example: SELECT * FROM WHERE name > '@#!S'; is not pushed down.
  • Does not push down when selecting multiple attributes with the same name.
    For example: SELECT name, friends->'class_info'->'name' FROM students;
  • Does not push down overlap document path.
    For example: SELECT friends->'class_info', friends->'class_info'->'name' FROM students;

8. Notes

  • For string set and number set of DynamoDB, the values in the set are sorted from smallest to largest automatically.
    Therefore, if you want to access to the element of array, it will return the different value compared to insert value.
    For example, you insert <<3,2,1>> into DynamoDB. DynamoDB will sort and store it as <<1,2,3>>.
    If you want to select element [1] of the set, it will return 1.
  • DynamoDB does not support NULL as element of string set or number set.
    Therefore, when user input NULL as element of array, the default value (0 for number, empty string for text) will be inserted into DynamoDB.
    For example, user input array[1,2,null,4], the values inserted into DynamoDB will be [1, 2, 0, 4].
    User input array['one','two',null,'four'], the values inserted into DynamoDB will be ['one', 'two', '', 'four'].
  • If an attribute of Map type does not exist, the condition xxx IS NULL will always return false.

9. License

Copyright and license information can be found in the file LICENSE.

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