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InfluxDB Foreign Data Wrapper for PostgreSQL

This PostgreSQL extension is a Foreign Data Wrapper (FDW) for InfluxDB.

The current version can work with PostgreSQL 9.6, 10, 11, 12 and 13. Currently this FDW supports InfluxDB 1.x series only.

Go version should be 1.10.4 or later.

Installation

Install InfluxDB Go client library

go get github.com/influxdata/influxdb1-client/v2

Add a directory of pg_config to PATH and build and install influxdb_fdw.

make USE_PGXS=1 with_llvm=no
make install USE_PGXS=1 with_llvm=no

with_llvm=no is necessary to disable llvm bit code generation when PostgreSQL is configured with --with-llvm because influxdb_fdw use go code and cannot be compiled to llvm bit code.

If you want to build influxdb_fdw in a source tree of PostgreSQL instead, use

make with_llvm=no
make install  with_llvm=no

Usage

Load extension

CREATE EXTENSION influxdb_fdw;

Create server

CREATE SERVER influxdb_server FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER influxdb_fdw OPTIONS
(dbname 'mydb', host 'http://localhost', port '8086') ;

Create user mapping

CREATE USER MAPPING FOR CURRENT_USER SERVER influxdb_server OPTIONS(user 'user', password 'pass');

Create foreign table

You need to declare a column named "time" to access InfluxDB time column.

CREATE FOREIGN TABLE t1(time timestamp with time zone , tag1 text, field1 integer) SERVER influxdb_server OPTIONS (table 'measurement1');

You can use "tags" option to specify tag keys of a foreign table.

CREATE FOREIGN TABLE t2(tag1 text, field1 integer, tag2 text, field2 integer) SERVER influxdb_server OPTIONS (tags 'tag1, tag2');

Import foreign schema

IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA public FROM SERVER influxdb_server INTO public;

Access foreign table

SELECT * FROM t1;

Features

  • InfluxDB FDW supports pushed down some aggregate functions: count, stddev, sum, max, min.
  • InfluxDB FDW supports INSERT, DELETE statements.
    • time and time_text column can used for INSERT, DELETE statements.
    • time column can express timestamp with precision down to microseconds.
    • time_text column can express timestamp with precision down to nanoseconds.
  • WHERE clauses including timestamp, interval and now() functions are pushed down.
  • LIMIT...OFFSET clauses are pushed down when there is LIMIT clause only or both LIMIT and OFFSET.

Limitations

  • UPDATE is not supported.
  • WITH CHECK OPTION constraints is not supported. Following limitations originate from data model and query language of InfluxDB.
  • Result sets have different number of rows depending on specified target list. For example, SELECT field1 FROM t1 and SELECT field2 FROM t1 returns different number of rows if the number of points with field1 and field2 are different in InfluxDB database.
  • Timestamp precision may be lost because timestamp resolution of PostgreSQL is microseconds while that of InfluxDB is nanoseconds.
  • Conditions like WHERE time + interval '1 day' < now() do not work. Please use WHERE time < now() - interval '1 day'.

When a query to foreign tables fails, you can find why it fails by seeing a query executed in InfluxDB with EXPLAIN VERBOSE.

Contributing

Opening issues and pull requests on GitHub are welcome.

License

Copyright (c) 2018 - 2021, TOSHIBA Corporation

Copyright (c) 2011 - 2016, EnterpriseDB Corporation

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose, without fee, and without a written agreement is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph and the following two paragraphs appear in all copies.

See the LICENSE file for full details.

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