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README.md

fwd

import "github.com/philhofer/fwd"

The fwd package provides a buffered reader and writer. Each has methods that help improve the encoding/decoding performance of some binary protocols.

The fwd.Writer and fwd.Reader type provide similar functionality to their counterparts in bufio, plus a few extra utility methods that simplify read-ahead and write-ahead. I wrote this package to improve serialization performance for http://github.com/tinylib/msgp, where it provided about a 2x speedup over bufio for certain workloads. However, care must be taken to understand the semantics of the extra methods provided by this package, as they allow the user to access and manipulate the buffer memory directly.

The extra methods for fwd.Reader are Peek, Skip and Next. (*fwd.Reader).Peek, unlike (*bufio.Reader).Peek, will re-allocate the read buffer in order to accommodate arbitrarily large read-ahead. (*fwd.Reader).Skip skips the next n bytes in the stream, and uses the io.Seeker interface if the underlying stream implements it. (*fwd.Reader).Next returns a slice pointing to the next n bytes in the read buffer (like Peek), but also increments the read position. This allows users to process streams in arbitrary block sizes without having to manage appropriately-sized slices. Additionally, obviating the need to copy the data from the buffer to another location in memory can improve performance dramatically in CPU-bound applications.

fwd.Writer only has one extra method, which is (*fwd.Writer).Next, which returns a slice pointing to the next n bytes of the writer, and increments the write position by the length of the returned slice. This allows users to write directly to the end of the buffer.

Constants

const (
    // DefaultReaderSize is the default size of the read buffer
    DefaultReaderSize = 2048
)
const (
    // DefaultWriterSize is the
    // default write buffer size.
    DefaultWriterSize = 2048
)

type Reader

type Reader struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Reader is a buffered look-ahead reader

func NewReader

func NewReader(r io.Reader) *Reader

NewReader returns a new *Reader that reads from 'r'

func NewReaderSize

func NewReaderSize(r io.Reader, n int) *Reader

NewReaderSize returns a new *Reader that reads from 'r' and has a buffer size 'n'

func (*Reader) BufferSize

func (r *Reader) BufferSize() int

BufferSize returns the total size of the buffer

func (*Reader) Buffered

func (r *Reader) Buffered() int

Buffered returns the number of bytes currently in the buffer

func (*Reader) Next

func (r *Reader) Next(n int) ([]byte, error)

Next returns the next 'n' bytes in the stream. Unlike Peek, Next advances the reader position. The returned bytes point to the same data as the buffer, so the slice is only valid until the next reader method call. An EOF is considered an unexpected error. If an the returned slice is less than the length asked for, an error will be returned, and the reader position will not be incremented.

func (*Reader) Peek

func (r *Reader) Peek(n int) ([]byte, error)

Peek returns the next 'n' buffered bytes, reading from the underlying reader if necessary. It will only return a slice shorter than 'n' bytes if it also returns an error. Peek does not advance the reader. EOF errors are not returned as io.ErrUnexpectedEOF.

func (*Reader) Read

func (r *Reader) Read(b []byte) (int, error)

Read implements io.Reader

func (*Reader) ReadByte

func (r *Reader) ReadByte() (byte, error)

ReadByte implements io.ByteReader

func (*Reader) ReadFull

func (r *Reader) ReadFull(b []byte) (int, error)

ReadFull attempts to read len(b) bytes into 'b'. It returns the number of bytes read into 'b', and an error if it does not return len(b). EOF is considered an unexpected error.

func (*Reader) Reset

func (r *Reader) Reset(rd io.Reader)

Reset resets the underlying reader and the read buffer.

func (*Reader) Skip

func (r *Reader) Skip(n int) (int, error)

Skip moves the reader forward 'n' bytes. Returns the number of bytes skipped and any errors encountered. It is analogous to Seek(n, 1). If the underlying reader implements io.Seeker, then that method will be used to skip forward.

If the reader encounters an EOF before skipping 'n' bytes, it returns io.ErrUnexpectedEOF. If the underlying reader implements io.Seeker, then those rules apply instead. (Many implementations will not return io.EOF until the next call to Read.)

func (*Reader) WriteTo

func (r *Reader) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo implements io.WriterTo

type Writer

type Writer struct {
    // contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Writer is a buffered writer

func NewWriter

func NewWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer

NewWriter returns a new writer that writes to 'w' and has a buffer that is DefaultWriterSize bytes.

func NewWriterSize

func NewWriterSize(w io.Writer, size int) *Writer

NewWriterSize returns a new writer that writes to 'w' and has a buffer that is 'size' bytes.

func (*Writer) BufferSize

func (w *Writer) BufferSize() int

BufferSize returns the maximum size of the buffer.

func (*Writer) Buffered

func (w *Writer) Buffered() int

Buffered returns the number of buffered bytes in the reader.

func (*Writer) Flush

func (w *Writer) Flush() error

Flush flushes any buffered bytes to the underlying writer.

func (*Writer) Next

func (w *Writer) Next(n int) ([]byte, error)

Next returns the next 'n' free bytes in the write buffer, flushing the writer as necessary. Next will return io.ErrShortBuffer if 'n' is greater than the size of the write buffer. Calls to 'next' increment the write position by the size of the returned buffer.

func (*Writer) ReadFrom

func (w *Writer) ReadFrom(r io.Reader) (int64, error)

ReadFrom implements io.ReaderFrom

func (*Writer) Write

func (w *Writer) Write(p []byte) (int, error)

Write implements io.Writer

func (*Writer) WriteByte

func (w *Writer) WriteByte(b byte) error

WriteByte implements io.ByteWriter

func (*Writer) WriteString

func (w *Writer) WriteString(s string) (int, error)

WriteString is analogous to Write, but it takes a string.


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